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APUSH Unit 5 IDs

Terms

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Mugwumps
Republicans turned Democrats
James G. Blaine
half-breeds--> civil service reform
Booker T. Washington
Founded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama Felt that African Americans should accept their place in society, was an American educator, author and leader of the African American community. Said African Americas must work patiently to move up in society.
Charles Evan Huges
fought against coal and gas trusts in wyoming
Carrie Chapman Catt
president of NAWSA, who led the campaign for woman suffrage during Wilson's administration
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Co-founded the 1848 Women's Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York woman suffrage she called the inequality of sexes
Florence Kelley
took control of the National Consumers League in 1899 and mobilized female consumers to pressure for laws safeguarding women and children in the workplace.
greenbacks
reasoned more money meant cheaper money and hence rising prices and easier to pay debts
Cornelius Vanderbilt
Vanderbilt University built his fortune by railway service at lower rates
Graft
using political influence for personal gain
Interstate Commerce Commission
created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which was signed into law by President Grover Cleveland;regulate railroads (and later trucking) to ensure fair rates, to eliminate rate discrimination, and to regulate other aspects of common carriers.
Union Pacific Railroad
started in 1862 in Nebraska it was built by the Credit Mobilier
Bimetallism
a monetary standard under which the basic unit of currency is defined by stated amounts of two metals (usually gold and silver) with values set at a predetermined ratio
Compromise of 1877
passed by Congress in 1877, set up an electoral commission consisting of 15 men selected from the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Supreme Court. It was made to determine which party would win the election. The committee finally determined, without opening the ballots from the 3 disputed states, that the Republicans had been victorious in the disputed ballots from the three states, giving the Republicans the presidency
Horace Greely
the canidate foe the election of 1872 against Grant
Comstock Lode
Nevada $300 million of precious metals were found over 20 years
Andrew Carnegie
Steel US Steel Corporation
Seneca Falls Convention
women's rights convention held by elizabeth cady stanton and lucretia mott in 1848 declaration of sentiments
Francis Willard
Founder of the WCTU, Dean of Women at Northwestern University and the president of the Women's Christian Temperance Union., Dean of Women at Northwestern University and the president of the Women's Christian Temperance Union.
Jim Crow Laws
state-level legal codes of segregation The Southern states also enacted literacy requirements, voter-registration laws, and poll taxes to ensure the denial of voting for the South's black population.
machine politics
votes for favors
Plessy v. Ferguson
The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the South's segregation declaring that separate but equal facilities for blacks were legal under the 14th Amendment
William Bryan
populists ran him in the election of 1896
"Gilded Age"
it was when the country was booming in pop. industry and production but there was waste corruption and Extravagance --No real political leaders congress was more powerful than presidents
James b Weaver
general a presidential canidate for the Greenback Party in 1880
WCTU
founder Frances e. Willard she wanted to make the world homelike, (women's chritian temperance union) founded by francis willard against temperance
Boss Tweed
he ruled Tammany Hall in NY by using machine politics
Roscoe Conkling
stalwart (spoils system)
Vertical integration
the idea of making your company stronger by domanating every aspect of what your company uses to build and manufacture
initiative
bill that emerges from the people
John D. Rockefeller
Oil
Mulligan Letters
Blaines enemy publiziced this written by Blain to a Boston businessman and linking the powerful politician to a corrupt deal involving federal favors to a southern railroad--> ended with "burn this letter"
William H. Taft
27 President
Levi Strauss
The German-born American[1] creator of the first company to manufacture blue jeans. His namesake firm, Levi Strauss & Company, was founded in 1853 in San Francisco. Jeans were made tough for miners.
Literacy Exclusion Act
limited immigration by making them take literacy tests and if they did not pass them they were not allowed to enter the US
Dumbbell Tenements
a new form of housing that was developed in the early 1900's it was designed as a dumbbell and had more apartments for more families and shared restrooms
W.E.B. Dubois
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion
republican clergyman damned the democrats in a speech as the party of this and the Irish american voters were stunned by this and they turn their vote to cleveland instead
Frederick Jackson Turner
he wrote that there was no more frontier
Ida Tarbell
published a devastating but factual depiction of the Standard Oil Company
Populists
The peoples party wanted to nationalize railroades a subtreasury < a scheme to provide farmers with loans for crops stored in govt owned warehouse> they wanted free and unlimited coinage of silver they wanted a graduated income tax they attacked wall street
Lincoln Steffens
launched a series of articles in McClure's titled "The Shame of the Cities" which unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.
Upton Sinclair
The Jungle, muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
Pacific Railroad Act
"AN ACT to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes,"
Robert Lafollette
"fighting bomb" he was known as fought against corporations and regulation of public utilities
Jacob Riis
shocked middle-class Americans in 1890 with How the Other Half Lives which described the dark and dirty slums of New York
Wounded Knee
Located in South Dakota near Wounded Knee Creek. An Indian tribe - the Hunkpapa Sioux - was attacked by 500 US soldiers during the Ritual Ghost Dance. The Indians were massacred, little boys were shot, women running with children were murdered...
recall
people vote to remove a public officials
Whiskey ring
cabinet members steal exvise tax revenue
Susan B. Anthony
leader of woman suffrage movement, who helped to define the movement's goals and beliefs and to lead its actions
Panic of 1873
Over-speculating was the primary cause; too much expansion had taken place. Too many people had taken out loans of which they were unable to pay back due to lack of profit from where they had invested their money.
Homestead Act
the law allowed a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living it for 5 yrs and paying a fee of 30 dollars
Transcontinental Railroad
united the west and east coast of the country composed of two seperate railroads
Social Darwinism
Herpert Spencers applies Darwin's ideas in the business world---> stronger businesses will take out the weak businesses
Pendleton Civil Service Act
jobs based on cmpetence rather than spoils
Mongrel Tariff
Tariff of 1883, a compromise measure that satisfied nobody. Duties were lowered on a few items, but increased on most manufactured goods.
Herbert Spencer
Social Darwinism idea
The Long Drive
driving the herd, A term used when cowboys would drive the herd to cattle towns
Theodore Roosevelt
26th U.S. President. 1901-1909. Republican
Chinese Exclusion Act
forbade chinese from immigrating to the US NO MORE CHINESE PEOPLE
Dawes Act
dissolved many tribes as legal entities--> tribal ownership of land and set up individual heads with 160 acres
Charles Guiteau
assassinate president james a. garfield (stalwart--> spoil system follower)
Louis D. Brandeis
persuaded the supreme court to accept the constitutionality of laws protecting women workers by presenting evidence of the harmful effects of factory labor on women's weaker bodies.
Little Bighorn
a battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans (1876); Custer was pursuing Sioux led by Sitting Bull; Custer underestimated the size of the Sioux forces (which were supported by Cheyenne warriors) and was killed along with all his command
trust busting
(law) government activities seeking to dissolve corporate trusts and monopolies (especially under the United States antitrust laws)
Central Pacific Railroad
started in CA and it was built by the Big Four
Fisk and Gould
attempted to corner the gold market by making sure no gold was being drawn out so the value of gold could rise
Hiram Johnson
fought for railroad regulation in California helped to break the dominant grip of the Southern Pacific Railroad on California politics in 1910
19th amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
Cross of Gold
speech --> a plea for silver
William Mckinley
Ohio(republican canidate) in 1896 he wom the election
referendum
people who vote on the initiative
Morrill Act
1871 brought along agricultural colleges, Allows for creation of land-grant colleges, colleges built on federally granted land specially appropriated for this purpose. It was signed into law by Lincoln
Ida B. Wells
the lynching of blacks outraged her, an african american journalist. in her newspaper, free speech, wells urged african americans to protest the lynchings. she called for a boycott of segregated street cars and white owned stores. she spoke out despite threats to her life.
17th amendment
direct election of US senators
TR's 3Cs
President Roosevelt believed in the progressive reform. He enacted a "Square Deal" program that consisted of 3 parts: control of the corporations, consumer protection, and conservation of natural resources.
Ulysses S. Grant
the first president of the gilded age
JP Morgan
Banker he bought out Carnegie's steel company and named it Bessemer Steel
Jane Adams
founded the most famous settlement house where volunteers offered services to immigrants such as job training, learning of the english language.
Ballinger-Pinchot quarrel
erased much of his conservationist record. When Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger opened public lands in Wyoming, Montana, and Alaska to corporate development, he was criticized by chief of the Agriculture Department's Division of Forestry, Gifford Pinchot. When Taft dismissed Pinchot, much protest arose from conservationists
ma, ma, wheres my Pa
republicans shouted this because digging dirt from Cleveland they found out he had an illegitimate affair with a Buffalo widow and he had an illegitimate son who was eight.
progressivism
group of reform movements of the late 1800's that focused on urban problems, such as the plight of workers, poor sanitation, and corrupt political machines
Promontory Point
Point in Utah where the Transcontinental Railroad was completed. The crews celebrated with placing real golden spikes into the last track laid.
The Grange
1867 by oliver h kelly their main goals was to enhance the lives of isolated farmer through social and fraternal activities self improvement
Federal Reserve Act
Sparked by the Panic of 1893 and 1907, the 1913 Federal Reserve Act created the Federal Reserve System, which issued paper money controlled by government banks.
Credit Mobilier
scandal erupted in 1872 when Union Pacific Railroad insiders formed the Credit Mobilier construction company and then hired themselves at inflated prices to build the railroad line, earning high dividends. When it was found out that government officials were paid stay quiet about the illicit business, some officials were censured.
Exodusters
African Americans moving from the south to the mmidwest
Fort Laramie
Area in the Wyoming territory where a treaty was signed by United States and the Lakota nation, Yanktonai Sioux, Santee Sioux, and Arapaho in 1868 guaranteeing to the Lakota ownership of the Black Hills, and further land and hunting rights in South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana. The Powder River Country was to be henceforth closed to all whites. The treaty ended Red Cloud's War.
Soddies
a house built of sod or adobe laid in horizontal courses

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