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Settling the West

chapter 13


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Henry Comstock
Prospector staked claim in Six-Mile Canyon in 1859
Bonanza Farms
Large scale farms often over 50,000 acres, where farmers set up companies to operate
Great Plains
Region that extends from the 100th meridan (Dakotas to Texas) to the Rocky Mountains
Abilene & Dodge City
Cities at the end of the railroad lines for the cattle drives of the Great Plains
Little Crow
Leader of the Dakota Sioux who rose against the gov't when they didn't receive the payments promised
Battle of Little Bighorn
Where Col. George Custer and his men were killed
Chief Joseph
Leader of the Nez Perce, surrendered to US forces in 1877 and exiled to Oklahoma
Stray claves with no identifying symbols
Barbed wire
Contributed to the end of open range farming
Payments to reservation dwellers
Dawes Act
Allotted to each head of household 160 acres of reservation land, and 40 acres allotted for children; remaining land sold to settlers to go to a trust for Natives; plan failed
Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, Sitting Bull
Chiefs of the Lakota Sioux who ambushed Army Captain Fetterman's soldiers in a massacre
Chisholm Trail
Major route to Abilene where cowboys drove over a million cattle between 1867 and 1871
Open Range
A vast area of grassland owned by the government where ranchers could graze their herds for free
Ghost Dance
Ritual that celebrated a hoped for day of reckoning when settlers would disappear, buffalo would return, and Natives would reunite with ancestors
Absorbing the Native Americans into American society
Wheat Belt
Eastern edge of Dakotas and western Nebraska and Kansas
Roamed vast distances following the buffalo - the main source of food for this group
Homestead Act
Passed in 1862 where one could claim up to 160 acres of public land & receive title after living there for 5 years
Boom and Bust
Cycle of mining for gold, silver, etc and finding very little

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