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ch.7 quiz

Terms

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Krebs Cycle
The second step of cellular respiration.
aerobic
BLANK processes require oxygen.
Glycolysis
The first step of cellular respiration.
1 Calorie
1 kilocalorie is equal to 1,000 calories and can also be called
2
How many types of fermentation are there?
energy
What is stored in the chemical bonds that hold food together?
Calorie
heat/energy required to raise 1g of water 1 degree celcius
thermal energy
energy caused by the movement of molecules
Krebs Cycle
The step of cellular respiration that occurs twice
"splitting of sugar"
Glycolysis means...
Electron Transport Cycle
The step of cellular respiration that takes place in the cristae.
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
ADP
adenosine triphosphate
Krebs Cycle
The step of cellular respiration that takes place in the matrix.
Lactic Acid Fermentation
The type of fermentation that happens in animal and bacteria cells.
Glycolysis
Step of cellular respiration that takes place in the cytoplasm...
Electron Transport Cycle
Step of cellular respiration that produces a total of 34 ATP.
Krebs Cycle
Step of cellular respiration that produces a total of 2 ATP.
38
Total ATP produced in cellular respiration.
examples of consumers
animals, insects, fungi, etc.
Transport work
ATP provides the energy for moving substances in and out of the cell by active transport.
examples of producers
Plants, algae, and some bacteria
Glycolysis
STep of cellular respiration that produces a total of 4 ATP, but a net total of 2.
ATP
adenosine triphosphate
1 second
A working muscle cell can recycle all of its 10 million ATP in...
Alcohol Fermentation
The type of fermentation
Lactic Acid Fermentation and Alcohol Fermentation
What are the two types of fermentation?
calorie
the unit of energy used to measore food
autotrophs
producers
ADP, adenosine triphosphate
What does ATP become when a phosphate bond is broken to release energy?
sun
ultimate source of all enrgy
Chemical work
ATP provides the energy for building large molecules that the cell makes.
Mechanical work
ATP provides the energy for cells to move (muscle contraction).
potential energy
stored energy
Electron Transport Cycle
The third step of cellular respiration.
fast
ATP cycle happens very...
break the bonds
Energy is released when you do what to the bonds in food?
producers
self-nourishing organisms
chemical energy
energy stored in chemical bonds
fermentation
anaerobic respiration
mitochondrial matrix
The goo in the middle of the mitochondria is called the...
oxygen
BLANK is located inside the inner membrane
anaerobic
BLANK processes do not require oxygen.
consumers
other-nourishing organisms
ATP
Cells can survive temporarily with no oxygen and make a little BLANK.
ATP
What is responsible for all the work done by the cell?
mitochondria
Here, a phosphate is added to ADP making it ATP again.
aerobic
Cellular respiration is a BLANK process.

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