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MPCS History-Chp. 26 (WWII) Review

This Quizlet is FINISHED. Alll of the review questions are on here. Study this and you will do great! :]


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When was V-J Day?
Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945
What Japanese pilot led the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Mitsuo Fuchida
What battle was the first major Japanese defeat?
Battle of Midway
What party did Mussolini belong to?
Fascist Party
When did Hitler invade Poland?
September 1, 1939.
What German doctor was famous for cruel and inhumane experiments performed during the Holocaust?
Dr. Joseph Mengele
How many times was Roosevelt re-elected?
4 times
What was the New Deal?
Created several new gvmt agencies. Also created programs such as social security and welfare.
What was the result?
Britain & France declared war on Germany 2 days later, beginning WWII.
Who became president after Roosevelt died?
Harry S. Truman
Describe the Holocaust.
Holocaust refers to the mass murder of 6 million Jews && 6 million others (Christians, Poles, handicapped, Gypsies, communists) The Jews were rounded up by the SS. led by Heinrich Himmler and taken to ghettos before being taken to concentration camps. Cruel & inhumane medical experiments were also performed at concentration camps. These medical experiments were led by Dr. Joseph Mengele (AKA- "Angel of Death") Auschwitz was the worse camp where over 1 million were killed.
Describe the treatment of Japanese Americans during the war.
There was a total of 120,000 Japanese Americans, including 80,000 Nisei, who were rounded up and taken to prison camps in a desert surrounded by mtns. The buildings were wood with tar paper roofs. There was no plumbing && each family was given an apartment. Wood-burning stoves were used in the apartments for their only source of heat. The kids went to school in the camp and the families stayed in the camp for the whole war. They had to wait in line to go eat 3 times a day (didn't get to choose their food). These prison camps were a big mistake done by the gvmt.
What happened at the Munich Conference?
Germany take Sudentenland and agrees not to expand further.
Who did Germany sign a non-aggression pact with in 1939?
Joseph Stalin from USSR
What did Hitler do on April 30, 1945?
Committed suicide
What was Kristallnacht?
Nazis destroyed everything that was Jewish (synague, shops) then sent Jews to ghettos before going to concentration camps.
Who became the leader of the Nazi Party in Germany in 1921?
Adolf Hitler
Who was president when the Great Depression started?
Herbet Hoover
Who warned Roosevelt that Germany was trying to build an atomic bomb?
Albert Einstein
What song is Hannah listening to as she types this Quizlet??? (lol)
'ELEVATOR' BY FLO RIDA! O YAH! bestest song eva!
How did the US respond to Japan's attempt to capture new territory in 1940?
Japan needed rubber & oil, but US now had embargo against Japan.
What happened to Mussolini in September 1943?
He was overthrown by the people of Italy and executed with his wife.
Describe the Battle of Dunkirk.
Allies retreat to Dunkirk, france near coast of the English Channel. Trapped by German army over 300,000 British & French soldierd ferried to England by 300 ships on the nights of June 3rd & 4th.
What was the code name for D-Day?
Operation Overlord
Who was the emperor of Japan during WWII?
Emperor Hironito
What were "Hoovervilles"?
Shanty towns constructed of packing crates, abandoned cars, && other scraps.
What was the Manhattan Project?
small group of scientists trying to make atomic bomb by splitting an atom.
Who was the American commander in Europe?
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Describe the Navajo Code Talkers.
Navajo Indians who spoke over phones to eachother in Navajo language. This was the only code NOT broken by the Japanese.
On what ship did the formal surrender take place?
USS Missouri
Describe the Bataan Death march
Starving American troops surrendered on April 9, 1942. The Japanese marched 70,000 American prisoners 60 miles. Those who fell behind were shot. Many died of malaria, heat, or dehydration. Over 20,000 died before they reached their destination.
Who became president in 1932?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
What African American air regiment shot down over 200 enemy planes?
Tuskegee Airmen
What African American cook became a hero for his bravery during the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Dorie Miller
What 3 countries made up the Axis Powers?
Japan, Italy, && Germany
Who was Britain's prime minister?
Winston Churchill
What book did Hitler write?
Mein Kampf (My Struggle)
Who was Erwin Rommel?
commander of German forces in North Africa, nicknamed "Desert Fox"
Who became leader of the Soviet Union in the 1920s?
Joseph Stalin
Who became dictator of Italy in 1922?
Benito Mussolini
How were women involved in the war?
Many worked in factories and this was when most women worked outside of their homes for the first time.
When and where was the 1st atomic bomb dropped?
August 6, 1945 on Hiroshima.
What was the Maginot Line?
Line of concrete, fortifications, tank obstacles, and machine gun posts along France's border with Germany & Italy.
What happened on April 12, 1945?
President Franklin D. Roosevelt died
What happened to Germany's territory as a result of WWII?
It was divided into 4 parts.
When was V-E Day?
May 8, 1945
Describe the Battle of Britain.
August 1940-Germany begins bombing Britain almost daily, trying to break British morale. 90,000 bombs hit Britain in September alone.
What member of the Doolittle raiders was captured by the Japanese && became a Christian while in a Japanese prison camp?
Jacob Deshazer
What happened on June 14, 1940
Paris is captured.
What plane dropped the 1st atomic bomb?
B-29 (name: Enola Gay)
When and where was the 2nd atomic bomb dropped?
August 9, 1945 on Nagasaki.
How many people were killed in WWII?
40 million (more than half were civilians)
What was the Sudentanland?
Located in western Czechloslavakia. Annexed by Germany in 1938. They wanted to fight, but Britain & France prevented it.
What country did Japan invade in 1937?
Most of China
Who was the American commander in the Pacific?
Douglas MacArthur
Describe the attack on Pearl Harbor, including the date that it occured.
The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on Sunday morning, December 7, 1941 at 7:55 a.m. Attacked on Oahu, Hawaii where Pearl Harbor was located. Destroyed 18 US hips, 170 airplanes, and killed/wounded over 3500. US aircraft carriers had been out at sea (so they weren't destroyed) The US declared war on Japan the next day.
Where did Germany send troops in 1936?
Who became prime minister of Japan in 1941?
Hideki Tojo
What was the Potsdam Declaration?
Truman told Japanese that they needed to surrender or they would face utter & complete destruction.
Who was Rosie the Riveter?
fictional character on posters supporting women's rights
What country did Germany invade in June 1941?
Soviet Union
What Japanese admiral planned out the attack on Pearl Harbor?
Isoroku Yamamoto
When and where was D-Day?
Invasion on Normandy on June 6, 1944
How did Germany avoid the Maginot Line?
They went through Belgium.
Describe the causes of the Great Depression.
There was a tremendous rise of standard living & spending in the 1920s. There was also an unequal distribution of wealth in 1920s. 1% were rich & 75% were considered poor. There was no middle class. Many though that poverty was disppointing from the US forever. Stock market was going very high and so people sold there stocks in fear of it eventually dropping. Then on "Black Tuesday" October 26, 1929, the stock market crashed when 16 million shares of stocks were quickly sold by panicking investors. Thousands made a run on banks to get all there money, forcing banks to close. Between October 29 & November 13, over $30 billion disappeared from the American economy. By 1933, 25% of the nation's workforce (almost 13 million people) were unemployeed. Those who still had their jobs saw their wages fall by 43%.
When did Japan sign the formal surrender?
September 2, 1945
What were Nisei?
Japanese Americans, born in the US. 20,000 fought in the US military
Describe Hitler's racist philosophy.
His philosophy was combined socialism with theory of evolution, claimed Germans had evolved into a master race.
Who led a bombing raid on Japan in April 1942?
Jimmy Doolittle
What territory did Germany control when America entered the war?
Most of Europe and parts of North Africa
Describe the Battle of the Bulge.
The Germans tried to push the Allies back in France as an act of desperation after being close to defeat.

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