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Unit 6 Finished

Terms

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George Creel
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
Treaty of Paris (1898)
signed on December 10, 1898, ended the Spanish-American War.provided that Cuba would become independent from Spain but the US congress made sure it would be under US control (Platt Amendment).
Propaganda
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
Nelson Miles
was an American soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War.
Moral Diplomacy
President Wilson's goals such as to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace.
Open-Door Note
a concept in foreign affairs stating that, in principle, all nations should have equal commercial and industrial trade rights in China
Joseph Pulitzer
owner of the New York World newspaper/ Leader in Yellow Journalism
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the United States out of the League of Nations
Alfred T. Mahan
Wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History.
Versailles Treaty
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.
US Shipping Board
IDk yet
Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Russia
Emilio Aguinaldo
Filipino who was lead both the Phillipine revolution against Spain and then the United States
Roosevelt corollary
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Annexation
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing country.
De Lome Letter
The Spanish ambassador insults President McKinley, accused america of being weak
Jose Marti
led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 through the Spanish-American War
Herbert Hoover
31rst. He was the Republican president when the depression hit. He advocated a "self-responsibility" role to end the depression since it was a routine event in a solid economy.
U-Boats
undersea boat, submarine
Reservationists
These were Republicans who wanted no part with the League of Nations unless there were some changes. THey were a burden to the vote on the League of Nations and had a part in its failure to pass.
Fuel Administration
Like the Food Administration, the Fuel Administration encouraged Americans to save fuel with "heatless Mondays" and "gasless Sundays." The actions helped create a sum of $21 billion to pay for the war.
Leonard Wood
a physician who served as the Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Military Governor of Cuba and Governor General of the Philippines.
Dollar Diplomacy
Taft's foreign policy focused mainly on advancing American commercial interest abroad, a policy that was called this.
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
an influential treatise on naval warfare written in 1890 by Alfred Thayer Mahan. It details the role of sea power throughout history and discusses the various factors needed to support a strong navy.
Food Administration
This government agency was headed by Herbert Hoover and was established to increase the production of food and ration food for the military.
John J. Pershing
commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), was sent by wilson to capture pancho villa
Espionage And Sedition Act
Two lwas, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against US partcipation in WWI
Panama canal
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)
League of Nations
an international peace-keeping organization proposed by Wilson and founded in 1920
Wilson's fourteen points
14 points of why the US should make a plan for peace in Europe after World War I.
American Expeditionary Force
About 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing
Big Stick
Teddy Roosevelt's use of military power for diplomatic reasons and foreign policy
Russo Japanese War
Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
Treaty of Portsmouth
(1905) ended the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). It was signed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, after negotiations brokered by Theodore Roosevelt (for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize). Japan had dominated the war and received an indemnity, the Liaodong Peninsula in Manchuria, and half of Sakhalin Island, but the treaty was widely condemned in Japan because the public had expected more.
Mexican Revolution
The Mexican Revolution was characterized by several socialist, liberal, anarchist and agrarianist movements, and culminated in the Mexican Constitution of 1917 Led by Fransico Madero
Jingoism
extreme/ fanatical nationalism
Trench Warfare
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
George Dewey
a United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War, U.S. naval commander who led the American attack on the Philippines
Phillipe Bunau-Varilla
A french engineer and soldier who greatly influenced the United States's decision concerning the construction site for the famed Panama Canal
John Hay
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Great White Fleet
Name for the steam-powered ships of the enlarged and modernized American Navy of the early 1900s, Navy force that circumnavigated the globe to show off US naval prowess
William Randolph Hearst
owner of the New York Morning Journal San Francisco Examiner, "give me the picture,and ill furnish the war"
Gavrilo Princip
The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand
The Big four
Italy, France, England, and the U.S. 4 powers who met at Versallies to discuss peace
Schenck v. US
a United States Supreme Court decision concerning the question of whether the defendant possessed a First Amendment right to free speech against the draft during World War I. Ultimately, the case served as the founding of the "clear and present danger" rule.
Gentlemen's Agreement
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
Irreconcilables
a group of senators who opposed the Treaty of V and the League of N
War Guilt Clause
1.) formally blamed Germany 2.) charged Germany for $33 billion
Doughboys
a nickname for the inexperienced but fresh American soldiers during WWI
Militarism
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army always ready for war.
Sussex Pledge
Agreement in which Germany ceases submarine warfare if British stop mining North Sea
Rough Riders
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish-American War
Platt Amendment
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
Foraker Act
law which ended military rule in Puerto Rico
Queen Liliuokalani
the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
Russian Revolution
the revolution against the Czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in March 1917
Nationalism
devotion to one's country
Boxer Rebellion
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country. (ending the open-door policy)
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire-Turkey
USS Maine
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
War Industries Board
Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
Insular Cases
These were court cases dealing with islands/countries that had been recently annexed and demanded the rights of a citizen. These Supreme Court cases decided that the Constitution did not always follow the flag, thus denying the rights of a citizen to Puerto Ricans and Filipinos.
Pancho Villa
Mexican revolutionary leader (1877-1923) Did many good things, but killed a lot of people. Wanted to take money from the rich and give it to the poor.
Gunboat/ Cowboy Diplomacy
TR's policy the pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of conspicuous displays of military power—implying or constituting a direct threat of warfare, should terms not be agreeable to the superior force.
Committee on Public Information
It was headed by George Creel. The purpose of this committee was to mobilize people's minds for war, both in America and abroad. Tried to get the entire U.S. public to support U.S. involvement in WWI. Creel's organization, employed some 150,000 workers at home and oversees. He proved that words were indeed weapons.
Harry Garfield
While at Princeton, he befriended future president Woodrow Wilson, who during World War I asked him to serve as the nation's Fuel Administrator.
Franz Ferdinand
archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I
Teller Amendment
This Amendment was drafter by Henry M. Teller which declared that the US had no desire for control in Cuba & pledged the US would leave the island alone.
Anti-Imperialist League
was established in the United States on June 15, 1898 to battle the American annexation of the Philippines, officially called insular areas
National War Labor Board
a board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war
Zimmerman Telegraph
a telegram from Germany to Mexico telling them to invade the U.S. promising land and recources. Britian intercepted it.
Bernard Baruch
Head of the War Industries Board, which attempted to impose some order on the U.S. war production

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