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United States History Final Review

Terms

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Atlantic Charter
a joint pledge to not persue territorial expansion
Cold War
a period of political noncooperation after WWII between members of NATO and members of the Warsaw Pact, A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
George Patton
Known as "Old Blood and Guts," George S. Patton, Jr. was one of the most colorful generals of World War II. During World War II he served in North Africa and Sicily before becoming the commander of the Third Army.
Great Depression
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality
Progressive Movement
reform effort, generally centered in urban areas and begun in the early 1900s, whose aims included returning control of the government to the people, restoring economic opportunities, and correcting injustices in American life.
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A federal guarantee of savings bank deposits initially of up to $2500, raised to $5000 in 1934, and frequently thereafter; continues today with a limit of $100,000
Dwight D. Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe then was elected to be Pres. of the USA
Roe vs. Wade
The court overturned a stats lawlimiting women's access to abortion during the first three months of pregnancy
Capitalism
private business run most industries, and competition determines how much goods cost and workers are paid
Henry Ford
United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947), introduced the low priced Model T in 1908 and by 1916 700,000 had been sold.
Dust Bowl
a region subject to dust storms, especially the central region of United States subject to dust storms in the 1930s
Homesteaders
The name of the people who claimed land through the Homestead Act, In1862 160 acres to farm for five years
Sputnik
The world's first space satellite. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US. Sputnik was the first man-made satellite to orbit the earth
John F. Kennedy
US President 1960-1963, us pres involved in cuban missile crisis , a president against segregation in 1960
Bay of Pigs
President Kennedy approved a plan to invade cuba. The invasion resulted in disaster, In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Korean War
a war between North and South Korea, South Korea was aided by the United States and other members of the United Nations; 1950-1953
Cuban Missiles Crisis
standoff between the United States and the Soviets in which the soviets aggreed to remove missiles from cuba is the United States promised not to invade the island.
Reconstruction Acts of 1867
an 1867 law that threw out the Southern state governments that had refused to ratify the fourteenth amendment, divided the former Confederacy into five military districts with the exception of Tennessee
Thirteenth Amendment
abolished slavery everywhere in the united states
Pan-African Movement
African Americans mobilized to put an end to lynching and racial violence, others attempted to fight discriimination in their work place.
Vietnam War
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
The War Powers Act
Reaffirms congress's constitutional right to declare war by setting a 60 day limit on the presidential commitment of U.S. troops to foreign conflics.
Communism
economic and political system in which the gov't controls the economy by owning its farms and businesses
Kent state Shottings
On May 4, 1970, National Guard troops that had been sent to control demonstrators shot randomly into a large group of students. They killed 4 and injured 9 others.
Civil Rights Movement
movement in the United States beginning in the 1960s and led primarily by Blacks in an effort to establish the civil rights of individual Black citizens, African Americans sought equality before the law and protection of their rights. Black activists, often affiliated with church groups, offered passive resistance to unjust civil laws.
Fundamentalism
Belief that Bible should be taken literally. Longest lastin gof challenges to new urban culture. Many americans felt alienated from city life, science, and modernization.
D-Day
planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
Zimmerman Note
message proposing an alliance between germany and mexico against the u.s.
Trench Warfare
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States, hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration; said 'Speak softly but carry a big stick' (1858-1919)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
SNCC
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, college kids participate in Civil Rights, stage sit-ins and such
WW1
Germany loses war to: United States, England, France. Treaty of Versailles forced germany to pay, reperations 33 billion to its enemies and to give up land. Result: Germany are angry and humiliated.
Emilio Aguinaldo
leader of the rebels in the filopenes, led the phillipines for independance.
Nineteenth Amendment
the constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.
Fourteenth Amendment
made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the country
Shantytowns
collections of makeshift shelters bulit out or packing boxes, scrap lumber, corrugated iron, and other thrown items.
Monroe Doctrine
United States would oppose any European attempts to regain former Latin Americam colonies or to establish new ones in the Western Hemisphere.
Civil War
Fouth between the north and the south, in large part over issue of slavery. - Resulted in a 600,000 death toll. - The North's victory allowed for the passage of the 13th amendment which outlawed slavery.
Fredrick Douglas
former slave + abolitionist, stood up for his beliefs, fought for womens + blacks rights, runaway slave, newspaper-the north star, A black freedom fighter and ran away telling people about slavery
WW2
Hitler, invading polland, was the begining of the war, but we got involved when Japan, bombed pearl harber. We then dropped the atomic bombs, little boy, & fat man on Heroshima and Nagasaki, usin the enolagay plane.
Spanish American War
an 1898 con flict between the united states and spain, in which the united states supported cubans' fight for indepedence, (1898) , War in which Spain lost all its recognition but America became recognized as a superpower
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States. Saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Reconstruction
period of rebuilding the nation after the Civil War , the period following the Civil War during which the federal government took action to rebuild the South , Time after the Civil War in which the south had to re-enter the Union
Gilded Age
Time period of political corruption, A crucial time period for U.S including the civil war and reconstruction, in prosperity (economy), corruption, Jim Crow, poverty, greed.

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