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Art History Final Review: Vocab


undefined, object
copy deck
define: chiaroscuro
treatment and use of light and dark to produce effect of modeling a figure
define: sfumato
smokelike haziness that subtly softens outlines of paintings
name two exemplary artists who used sfumato in their paintings & the period that they produced their artworks
Leonardo da Vinci and Correggio of High Renaissance period
explain role of Neo-Platonism in art and its influence on an exemplary Renaissance artist
idealism; Michelangelo's preoccupation with the human figure--man as the center of being--man was the reflection of the beauty of the soul. He worshipped the nude, but it was not indicative of secularism. Rather, for the Neoplatonist, it was a tribute to God's own beauty.
define: fresco
painting on plaster
define: groin vault
intersection of 2 barrel vaults at right angles
define: ribbed groin vault
diagonal and tranverse ribs compose structural skeleton in groin vault
barrel vault
tunnel vault; deep arch or uninterrupted series of arches
fenstrated (arrangement of windows) part of building; rises above roofs.
radiating chapel
in Medieval churches, chapels for displaying relics; opened into ambulatory and transept
transverse arch
arch crossing nave or aisle at 90 degree angle
lancet window
in Gothic architecture, tall narrow window ending in pointed arch
the wounds that Christ received at his crucifixion, which appear miraculously on a saint
example of display of stigmata
Bonaventura Berlinghieri's "St. Francis" year: 1235; Italo-Byzantine/Maniera-greca style
linear/scientific perspective
projecting illusion of 3D world onto 2D surfaces
atmospheric perspective
creates illusion of distance by color intensity gradient
vanishing point
all lines of projection converge on a point
use of perspective to represent visual contraction of object relative to viewer
example of Early Renaissance artist using foreshortening
"Dead Christ" by Mantegna
disposition of human figure; counterpositioning of body; weight shift
diptych, triptych, polyptych
2-panel, 3-panel, multiple panel altarpiece
Courtly Style
in Northern Gothic Art; elegant, detail, rich colors
example of Courtly Style
"The Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry" by the Limbourg Brothers
pose of figure; of Courtly Style; elegant softer pose
literally "writing of images"
Vanitas symbol
references to death in paintings
continuous narrative
convention of same figure appearing more than once in same space at different stages of the story
any scene of Virgin Mary mourning over dead body of Christ
examples of pieta
"Virgin with the Dead Christ (Rottgen Pieta"--(sculpture piece) Late German Gothic

"Avignon Pieta" by Quarton--(painting) Early Northern Renaissance
decorative nude figures
Abbot Suger
abbot of Saint-Denis Church in France--birth of early French Gothic architecture
Pope Julius II
"greatest art patron of the papal line (reigned 1503-13) and one of the most powerful rulers of his age. Julius is most important for his close friendship with Michelangelo and for his patronage of other artists, including Bramante and Raphael. He commissioned Michelangelo's "Moses" and paintings in the Sistine Chapel and Raphael's frescoes in the Vatican.
Pope Leo X
aka Giovanni de Medici; patron of the arts; son of Lorenzo de Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent).

The fame of Leo X is due to his promotion of literature, science, and art.

portrait of Pope Leo X by Raphael
Pope Paul III
aka Alessandro Farnese; learned of the Renaissance;

He lies buried in St. Peter's in the tomb designed by Michelangelo and erected by Guglielmo della Porta.
The Medici Family
of Florence; traced back to 12th century; great wealth in 13th century; fortune fell but restored by Giovanni de Medici made them the wealthiest family in Italy
Lorenzo de Medici
prominent patron of the arts in Renaissance period
Giuliano de Medici
Giuliano was a patron of the arts and letters. His statue, by Michelangelo, adorn his tomb in the Church of San Lorenzo, Florence
Enrico Scrovegni
wealthy Paduan (Padua, Italy) merchant; patron of Arena Chapel in Padua.
the Roman architect which laid down precise rules governing the mathematical proportions used in the construction of buildings. Vitruvius drew parallels between these proportions and those of the ideal human figure, a concept famously illustrated by Leonardo da Vinci in his drawing of 'Vitruvian Man'.

influenced Renaissance period

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