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ap psych terms


undefined, object
copy deck
the tendency for new memories to hinder the retrieval of old memories
vestibular sense
a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head
authoritative schema for identiftying different psychological disorders
you redirect your feelings to another target
hans response
under stress, changes tkae place within the body that trigger an array of dieseases; physical and emotional stress,
Apparent motion
an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid succession of still pictures of a moving object
Anchoring heuristics
estimate the probability of an event by adjusting an earlier estimate
degree to which results apply widely across a broad range of situations
you revert to an old, usually immature behavior to ventilate your feeling
unconscious defense mechanism; he mind redirects emotion from a "dangerous" object to a "safe" object
the act of arousing
james lange theory
experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
down syndrome
a genetic disorder caused by a chromosomal aberration resulting in an extra 21st chromosome.
inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli
the theory that every thought is caused by a prior occurrence and does not occure at random
fundamental attribution error
the under estimations of situational influence (surroundings) and the over estimation of dispositional influence (personality).
cognitive dissonance
A condition of conflict o anxiety resulting from iconsstency between one's beliefes and one's actions, such as opposing the slughter of animals and eating meat
difference threshold
the smallest detectable difference i stimulus energy
ainsworth Strage situation
a method of assessing a childs attachment style
blind spot
the point where the optic nerve enters the retina
the ability to ee details
completely reject the thought or feeling
Control groups
subjects in a study who do not receive the active reatment or who do not have the condition under investigation.
inductive reasoning
reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
gustatory sense
deect sensory changes in the tounge; mediated by taste buds
a bar graph of a frequency distribution
color blindness
the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish
significant differences
the statistically deterined likelihood that a behavior has not occurred because of chance alone.
tells different neuron or the brain what is going on in the outside world
ingroup bias
when members selectively process their own group's actions in order to maintain a positive view of the group
Achievement test
measure what the individual has accomplished
representativeness heuristic
decide whether an expample belongs in a certain class on the bases of how similar it is to other items in that class
indueced motion
the illusory motion of a static stimulus in the opposite reaction to a moving stimulus
operant conditioning
conditioning in which an operant response is brought under stimulus control by virtue of presenting reinforcement contingent upon the occurrence of the operant response
availability heuristics
judging the probability that an event may occur or that a gypotheses may be true by how easily the hypothesis may b e true by how easily the hypothesis can be brought to mind
use of mri to measure he haeodynamic response related to neural activity in the brain or spinal cord of humans
the process used to make people feel annonymous
free association
technique in which the therapist states a word, then the patient would relate anything which came into their mind
classical conditioning
a process of b ehavior modification by which a subject comes to respond in a desired manner to a previously neutral stimulus that has been repeatedly presented along wtih an uconditioned stimulus tha elicits the desired response.
glial cells
cells in the nervous system that hold neurons together and help them communicate by directing growth, keeping chemical environment stable, restoring damage, and responding to signals
you coe up with various explanations to justify the situation
a coognitive system which heps us organize and make sense of information.
Echoic memory
a brief sensory memory of some auditory stimuli; is stored for slightly longer periods of time than iconic memories
Binocular disparity
the difference in the images in the left and right eyes.
Aptitude test
paper and pencil assessment of a person's intellectual functioning.
primative brian. located in the front of the throat. segment 3
Aversive conditioning
conditioning to avoid an aversive stimulus. attracted to harful stimuli
isolation of affect
you think the feeling but you dont really feel it
group therapy
simultaneous treatment of several clients with siilar problems under guidance of a therapist to hep the have helpful interactions
you are vaguely aware of the though or feeling but try to hide it
Eidetic memory
the ability to recall images, sounds, or objects in memory with great accuracy and in seemingly unlimited volume
as people gain experience with the rules and values of society, they tend to adopt them
broca's aphasia
controls the motor aspect of speech
outgroup bias
when members of one group selectively process the actions of another group to maintain a negative view of that group
internal consisency reliabliiy
used to assess the consistency of results across ites within a test
Standard deviation
Deals with how widely scores vary from the mean.
deductive reasoning
reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
ell shaped curve
a perfect nesokurtic curve where the mean, median, and mode are equal
bystander intervention
We have to notice that something unusually happening. We have to decide if something is wrong and that if help is needed. We must decide the extent to which we have the responsibility to help. We must decide what the appropriate form of helping is and weather we are capable of providing it. We must decide weather to implement this course of action.
dominant responses
the first response to soemthing that contains the highest value of strength of association
All-or-nothing law
involves an electric charge with the cell and chemical transmission between cells
industrial psychology
any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.
descriptive statistics
numbers used to present data for a study
the tendency for organisms to keep their physiologicl systems at a stble, steady level by constatly adjusting themselves in esponse to change
frustration-aggression hypotheses
a proposition that hte existence of frustration awyas leads to some form of aggressive behavior
moving people with psychological or developmental disabilities from highly structured institutions to home- or community-based settings
the tendency for ol memories to hinder the retrieval of newer memories
reaction formations
you turn the feeling into its opposite
aversive conditions
designed to break a person of a crtain stimulus. they pir te stimulus with an awful response making the person not want to endure it again
dependent variable
the factor affected by the independent variable
Atributions theory
place blame on another place except for yourself.
deram nalysis
the process of assigning meanings to dreams
the ability to feel movements of the limbs and body
meaningful group of information.
a type of rationalization, only more intellectualized
reinforcing the connection between diff. parts of a sequence
a group problem-solving technique in which members sit around a let fly with ideas and possible solutions to the problem
differential treatment of various groups; the behavioral component of prejudice
magnetci test
you redirect the feeling into a socialy productive activity
independent variable
manipulated by the researcher in an experiment
Blood Brain barrier
prevents blood from entering brain. Maintained by astrocytes and endothelial. Tight junctions keep stuff out.
an unselfish concern for another's welfare
dissociative disorders
conditions that incole sudden and usually temproary disruptions in a person's memory, consciousness, or identity
environmental stimuli that can motivate behavior by pulling people toward them or pushing people away from them
developmental psychology
the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children
phase-sensitive learning that is rapid and apparently independent of the consequences of behavior
you think someone else has your thought or feeling
a state of sadness or melancholia that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and or activities of daily living
people working together will make better decisions than individuals working alone, occurs when group members are unavailable to realistically evaluate optins or consider negative consequences of decisions
Absolute Threshold
the minimum amount of stimulus energy that an be detected 50% of the time
functional fixedness
a tendencey to think about familar objects in familiar ways that may prevent using them in other, ore creative wyas
hindsight bias
the tendency for us to believe falsely that we'd have accurately predicted the outcome of an event, after that outcome is actually known
hawthorne effect
subjects' belief that they are special in a study impacting results
correlation coefficients
Relationships between variables can be estimated with
electroconvulsive shock therapy
a breif electric shock administered to the brain, usually to reduce profound depression hat does not respond to drug treatments
the decline of a conditioned response following reeated exposure to the conditioned stimulus
the ratio betwen a persons "menal age" and chronological mental age

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