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Final Exam Hartley

Terms

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Fair Labor Standards Board
established a national minimum wage, guaranteed time and a half for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors in "oppressive child labor,"
Hiroshima
a city in southern Honshu, Japan, became the target of the first atomic bomb attack on August 6,1945, which resulted in the virtual obliteration of the city centre and the deaths of about one-third of the population of 300,000. The atomic bombing by the US of Hiroshima, together with that of NAGASAKI three days later, led directly to Japan's unconditional surrender and the end of World War II.
freedmans bureau
The bureau's focus was to provide food, medical care, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor, and establish schools.
Populist Party Platform
The Populist Party Platform was co-opted. The party made a viable third party independant of the Democrats and Republicans
Supreme Court Packing
Roosevelt's demand to appoint more judges to the Supreme Court so that he would have more power in jurisdiction in his New Deal Programs. However the supreme court did not like this because it would give the executive branch more power.
Clayton Act
1914, passed by the U.S. Congress as an amendment to clarify and supplement the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. It was drafted by Henry De Lamar Clayton. The act prohibited exclusive sales contracts, local price cutting to freeze out competitors, rebates, interlocking directorates in corporations capitalized at $1 million or more in the same field of business, and
13th Ammendment
officially abolished slavery, prohibits involuntary servitude.
Underwood Tariff
hundred items became free of tariff. To replace the lost income, a graduated income tax was imposed. This was the first income taw since the Civil War.
TVA
The Tennessee Valley Authority federation was created in 1933 in order to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development in the Tennessee Valley, a region particularly impacted by the Great Depression
Dawes Severalty Act, 1887
Gives all male Indians 160 acres of land. Also, if they stay there for 25 years, they get citizenship.
D-Day
the day (June 6, 1944) in World War II on which Allied forces invaded northern France by landing in Normandy.
18th Amendment
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Nagasaki
The second target for an atomic bomb attack, three days after the Americans bombed HIROSHIMA. A city and port in south-west Japan, on the west coast of the island of Kyushu, its population was 438,724 in 1995. The bomb fell on August 9,1945. While the hilly terrain protected the population of 230,000 from the full effects of the explosion, 40,000 people were killed and tremendous destruction caused. On the following day Japan surrendered and the ceasefire began on August 15, the official surrender finally being signed on September 2.
14th amendment
rights guranteed to US citizens. Due process of law and equal protection. All persons born or naturalized in US are citizens. Representatives dependant on number of each persons from every state.
Plessy vs. Ferguson, 1896
The U.S. Supreme Court decided that a Louisiana law mandating separate but equal accommodations for blacks and whites on intrastate railroads was constitutional. This decision provided the legal foundation to justify many other actions by state and local governments to socially separate blacks and whites.
Wilson's 14 points
I. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.
FDIC
The U.S. corporation insuring deposits in the U.S. against bank failure. The FDIC was created in 1933 to maintain public confidence and encourage stability in the financial system through the promotion of sound banking practices.
15th amendment
Gave African American men the right to vote.
Causes, Start of war
Hitler's expansion ideas and his want for more land to unite the Aryan race. The original start of the war was with the invasion of poland.
Appomattox Court House
Famous as the site of the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse, where the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee To Ulysses S. Grant took place on April 9, 1865
Gettysburg and Antietam
Gettysburg-fought in and around Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, was the battle with the largest number of casualities in the Civil Warm, and was an important turning point, Antietam was the first major battle in the Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single day battle in American history with almost 23,000 casualities
Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor
Roosevelt appointed her Secretary of Labour, the first American woman to hold Cabinet rank. She remained in post throughout Roosevelt's presidency and continued briefly under Truman. Perkins's period in office was notable for the introduction of wide-ranging reforms including the abolition of child labour, the introduction of unemployment insurance, minimum wage legislation, and a variety of measures to improve working conditions. She is also credited with devising and launching many of the New Deal initiatives aimed at stimulating employment.
Manhattan Project
Code name given to the development of the US atomic bomb during World War II. Work on the bomb was carried out in great secrecy by a team including US physicists Enrico Fermi and J. Robert Oppenheimer. The first test took place on July 16, 1945, near Alamogordo, New Mexico, and the next month the US Air Force dropped bombs on Japan.
Social Security
FDR was pro social security. This was part of the New Deal established after the Great Depression in 1929. The New Deal also includes the Wagner Act and the Housing Act. All 3 of these acts were put together as a social safety net for american citizens. The weakness of the New Deal is that it did justice mainly for whites and excluded minorities due to certain written rules in the acts. At the time the New Deal (soc security playing part) was a great idea for americans, however one of the biggest problems faced today for young people is the high possibility that social security will not be available at their time of retirement.
Wagner Act
built many public buildings, projects and roads, and operated large arts, drama, media and literacy projects. It fed children, redistributed food, clothing and housing
19th Amendment
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Pearl Harbor
The Japanese surprise attack on the island of Hawaii. This brought America into the war and united everyone across the board. This also brought us out of neutrality.
Federal Reserve Act
An Act To provide for the establishment of Federal reserve banks, to furnish an elastic currency, to afford means of rediscounting commercial paper, to establish a more effective supervision of banking in the United States, and for other purposes.

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