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U.S history terms prasad

Terms

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popular sovereignty
The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free
black codes
Legal restrictions on blacks, such as cannot serve on juries, no interracial marriage
interstate commerce act
a law that made a federal Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate unfair railroad practices
18th amendment
prohibition of alcoholic beverages
morill act
act that gave federal land to states for education (land grant colleges)
U.S.S. maine
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
railroad strike of 1877
Violent but ultimately successful interstated strike, which resulted in extensive property damage and many deaths
battle of vicksburg
July 4, 1863, Grant takes control of the Mississippi R.
gilded age
Time period of political corruption
battle of gettysburg
Turning point of the War that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.
farmers alliance
gathered for farmers rights
battle of wounded knee
U.S. massacre of Sioux at Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota.
secession
Decision by a state to leave the Union
civil rights act
This secured the rights of freedmen., it gave citizenship to African- Americans
10 percent plan
pledged loyalty to union by ten percent of the southern states votes towards the union and emncipation.
foraker act
This act established Puerto Rico as an unorganized U.S. territory. Puerto Ricans were not given U.S. citizenship, but the U.S. president appointed the island's governor and governing council.
border states
states between the north and the south (MO, DL, Maryland, Kentucky)
13th amendment
Abolition of Slavery
compromise of 1850
Forestalled the Civil War by instating the Fugitive Slave Act , banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession
initiative
allowed all citizens to introduce a bill into the legislative and required members to take a vote on it
KKK
Terrorist group of White Supremacists in south
amendment 15
African Americans can Vote
panama canal
In 1902 Congress authorized president Theodore Roosevelt to accept the French company's' offer of $40 million for the....
espionage act
set heavy fines and long prison terms for antiwar activities
vertical integration
when a firm would strive to control all aspects of production (from acquisition of raw materials to the finished product)
emancipation proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
nativism
a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
battle of antietam
Union army routes Lee's offensive strike, allows Lincoln to give emancipation proclamation
gadsen purchase
name of purchase from mexico in 1853 for $10 million
republican party
Political party that believed in the non-expansion of slavery and comprised of Whigs, Northern Democrats, and Free-Soilers, in defiance to the Slave Powers, Political party that believed in the non-expansion of slavery and comprised of Whigs, Northern Democrats, and Free-Soilers, in defiance to the Slave Powers
conscription act
June 5, 1917: Act that drafts people with two lotteries
19th amendment
Women guaranteed the right to vote
freedman's bureau
The bureau's focus was to provide food, medical care, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor, and establish schools.
habeas corpus
a person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime
battle of fredericksburg
Major union loss under the hands of Burnside
pool
Where companies agree on a set price.
yellow journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
tenure of office act
Makes it illegal for president to replace officers who have been confirmed by Congress without Congressional approval
shermans march to the sea
sherman/ some 60000 troops set out to march across Georgia; burnt city and destroyed everything.
monopoly
a complete control of an entire industry
the grange
social club of farmers; operated at state level
gospel of wealth
Book by Carnegie, rich have obligation to improve society. Carnegie and Rockefeller both made large contributions
homestead act
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
recall
Refers to voters removing public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election before the end of their term if enough voters ask for it. By 1920, 20 states had adopted the Initiative, Referendum, or... procedure.
treaty of paris
the british recognied the US and the boundaries were set
jingoism
extreme nationalism
transcontinental railroad
Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, revolutionizing transportation in the west
17th amendment
People Elect the Senators
kansas nebraska act
This Act set up Kansas and Nebraska as states. Each state would use popular sovereignty to decide what to do about slavery. People who were proslavery and antislavery moved to Kansas, but some antislavery settlers were against the Act. This began guerrilla warfare.
fourteen points
It was Wilson's peace plan. Each of the points were designed to prevent future wars. He compromised each point at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. The only point which remained was the 14th (League of Nations). Each one was appealing to a specific group in the war and each one held a specific purpose.
new immigration
Immigrants from Southern and Eastern European countries and Asia arriving in the LATE 1800s
amendment 14
rights of african american citizens
share-cropping
Poor people contracted with landowners to work the land and get a share of the crop
referendum
established a procedure by which voters cast ballots for or against proposed laws
dawes act
Law aimed at "Americanizing" the Indian
meat inspection act
act that authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to order meat inspections and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption.
pendleton act
Created the Civil Service Commission with a exam used for candidates to compete for gov't jobs
battle of little bighorn
Armed conflict against Indians that ends in Indian victory, annihiliating the entire US cavalry. Also referred to as Custer's Last Stand
roosevelt corollary
This announced that under certain circumstances, the US had the right to meddle. Opposite of his cousin's Big Stick policy
sand creek massacre
U.S Army's killing of about 150 Cheyenne Native Americans
sherman anti-trust act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
bull run
1st real battle, Confederate victory, Washingtonian spectators gather to watch battle, Gen. Jackson stands as Stonewall and turns tide of battle in favor of Confederates, realization that war is not going to be quick and easy for either side
king cotton
cotton and cotton-growing considered, in the pre-Civil War South, as a vital commodity, the major factor not only in the economy but also in politics.

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