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history midterm part. 2

Terms

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Tiber River
Rome was built along this river
cement
used to make arches and archeitecture
Xerxes
Persian king that fought at the Battle of Salamis against Greeks
republic
a government in which people who have the rights can vote and act in the government
Romance Languages
Spanish, French, Portugese
messiah
Another name for Jesus, Jews are still looking for this
Estruscans
one of the first groups of people that made up the early Romans
Greco-Roman
classical period in Greek history
dome
hemispherical roof
arch
a curve used in archeitecture
mosaic
a form of art that collaborates many pieces of something put together to make a new piece
Marathon
Battle that the Greeks won agains the Persians
Carthage
Battle between Vandals and Rome
dictator
someone whose power was absolute
Pompey
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered
bas relief
low or mostly-flat sculpture which is carved into a wall
Cleopatra
beautiful and charismatic queen of Egypt
senate
assembly possessing high legislative powers
Gaul
one place that Julius Cesar took over
Archemedies
Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC)
Harrappa and Mohenjo-Daro
India and Pakistan, early civilazations ( mud huts )
Hellenistic
new form of Greek culture
monsoons
a seasonal prevailing wind which lasts for several months
Aeneid
written by Virgil
Cesar
Great Roman leader that took over Greece and Gaul
Torah
first 5 books of the Bible
Euclid
mathematician; his famous text, which writes the laws of geometry
acqueduct
used to supply water to the cities
Alexander the Great
conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia, from Macedonia
Scipio
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama
Alexandria
place in Egypt
Hannibal
made his troops across the Alps to invade Italy
Ganges
an Asian river; rises in the Himalayas and flows east into the Bay of Bengal; a sacred river of the Hindus
Phoenicians
people who lived in Palestine, best in the ancient world in sailing, trading, ships

Deck Info

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