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Top 50 Vocab

Terms

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Archimedes
Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC)
Helen of Troy
(Greek mythology) the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris
Chimera
(Greek mythology) fire-breathing she-monster with a lion's head and a goat's body and a serpent's tail
Odysseus
(Greek mythology) a famous mythical Greek hero
Xerxes
Persian leader who invaded Greece and son of Darius
Plato
ancient Athenian philosopher
sirens
sing to attract sailors to island
Fates
a group of three goddesses of destiny
oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people
Socrates
ancient Athenian philosopher
solon
a man who is a respected leader in national or international affairs
Aesop
Greek author of fables (circa 620-560 BC)
Herodotus
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
Homer
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
Philip of Macedonia
King of Macedonia
epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Aristotle
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers
Gorgons
three ugly sisters with scales, claws and fangs
Darius
the great king of persia. he was able to become king after a year of a civil war following the death of someone.
athena
(Greek mythology) goddess of wisdom and useful arts and prudent warfare
Minotaur
(Greek mythology) a mythical monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man
Euclid
He is the father of geometry and wrote a book explaining geometry that was used as a text book till the 1900
Theseus
(Greek mythology) a hero and king of Athens who was noted for his many great deeds: killed Procrustes and the Minotaur and defeated the Amazons and united Attica
helots
Slaves to the Spartans that revolted and nearly destroyed Sparta in 650 B.C.E.
jury
a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law

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