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Work Place Safety

Terms

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ABCs
"A" - Alignment "B"- Balance "C"- Coordinated movement
Alignment
good posture; the "A" of the ABCs of body mechanics
Procedure
a series of steps followed in a particular order when providing order when providing care to a patient of resident that help ensure the care provided is safe and correct
Base of Support
Your feet
Grounded
an adjective used to describe electrical equipment that has a way of returning stray electrical current to the outlet so that the risk of electrical shock is reduced
"C" Type Fire
an electrical fire---do not extinguish with water but fire extinguisher
Increasing you base
standing with your feet apart and (your torso) is close to your base of support (your feet); improves balance and is an important part of practicing good body mechanics
Materials Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
a document that summarizes key information about chemicals, such as composition, which exposures may be dangerous, what to do if an exposures occur and how to clean up spills
PASS
"P"--pull safety pin out "A"--Aim the hose toward the base of the fire "S"--Squeeze the handle "S"--Spray the contents of fire extinguisher at the base of the fire--sweeping from side to side
Three Elements to make Fire
fuel, heat, and oxygen
Balance
stability produced by the even distribution of weight; the "B" of the ABCs of body mechanics
Diaster
a sudden, unexpected event that causes injury to many people, major damage to property, or both
Good Body Mechanics in Lifting
bending your knees and holding the person close to the center of your body. Then you would use the muscles in your thighs and hips to lift and move the person from the bed to chair
Center of Gravity
your torso
Post-procedure actions
steps that are routinely performed at the end of each patient or resident care produre, called "Finishing Up" actions
RACE
"R" -remove any patients or residents in immediate danger "A"-activate the alarm "C"- contain the fire by closing doors in windows "E"-extinguish if possible and evacute building
"A" Type Fire
fueled by ordinary materials-wood/paper ---extinguished by water
RACE fire response plan
the general actions that are taken in the event of a fire emergency (remove to safety, activate the alarm, contain the fire, extinguish or evacuate)
Back injuries
the most common work-related injury in the nursing field
Coordinated Body Movement
using the weight of the body to help with the movement; the "C" of the ABCs of body mechanics
"B" Type Fire
fueled by petroleum products---cooking oil/grease---do not extinguish with water but sprinkling powder
Pre-procedure actions
steps that are routinely performed before each patients of residents care procedure; called "Getting Ready" actions
Body Mechanics
the efficient and safe use of the body
Back Muscles
flat and fan-like and not designed to lift weight
Muscles used for lifting
powerful muscles in the buttocks, hips, and thighs
Increase Risk of Falling
poor vision, limited ability to move, confusion, being in too much of a hurry, wet floors

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