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John Calvin
Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith
a former Roman Catholic tribunal for the discovery and punishment of heresy
Desiderius 1466?-1536 Dutch scholar; edited Greek New Testament (1516); wrote Encomium moriae (1509, The Praise of Folly), etc.; viewed as leader in northern European renaissance
Henry VIII
English king that left the catholic church and started the Church of England
the doctrine that God in consequence of his foreknowledge of all events infallibly guides those who are destined for salvation
1483-1520 It. Raffaello Sanzio Italian painter; a master of the Italian High Renaissance; famed for religious pictures, especially Madonna series
Charles V
1337-1380 the Wise king of France (1364-80); faced mercenary bands, wars with England, Navarre; rule generally wise, moderate; patronized art, literature, collected library at Louvre
Peace of Augsburg
A treaty between Charles V and the German Protestant princes
a doctrine, attitude, or way of life centered on human interests or values
Martin Luther
wrote the 95 thesis
Council of Trent
Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 in response to the Reformation
a member of the Roman Catholic Society of Jesus founded by St. Ignatius Loyola in 1534 and devoted to missionary and educational work
Johan Gutenberg
In 1450, he was able to create a printing press
Catholic (Counter) Reformation
where the catholic church went to the people instead of having the people come to them
Priesthood of all believers
as long as one believes in god then he doesnt need the church to have a personal relationship with god
Anglican Church
the national church of England
The 95 Theses
set of 95 things that were done wrong written by martin luther
Justification (Salvation) by Faith
Luther's belief. religious foundation for reformation. nothing you could do or work to guarantee yourself in heaven
remission of part or all of the temporal and especially purgatorial punishment that according to Roman Catholicism is due for sins whose eternal punishment has been remitted and whose guilt has been pardoned
Leonardo da Vinci
1452-1519 It. painter, sculptor, architect, & engineer; famed for the breadth of his genius, covering anatomy, architecture, hydraulics, hydrology, geology, meteorology, mechanics, machinery, weaponry, flight, optics, mathematics, botany
Queen Elizabeth (Elizabethan Settlement)
killed everyone who was protestant and so thousands of poeple were killed
the transitional movement in Europe between medieval and modern times beginning in the 14th century in Italy, lasting into the 17th century, and marked by a humanistic revival of classical influence expressed in a flowering of the arts and literature and by the beginnings of modern science
one who practices or preaches a more rigorous or professedly purer moral code than that which prevails
a 16th century religious movement marked ultimately by rejection or modification of some Roman Catholic doctrine and practice and establishment of the Protestant churches
a member of a Presbyterian church
Index of Prohibited Books
Books that supported Protestantism or that were overly critical of the Church were banned
a Protestant sectarian of a radical movement arising in the 16th century and advocating the baptism and church membership of adult believers only, nonresistance, and the separation of church and state
1475-1564 Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni Italian sculptor, painter, architect, & poet; best known for sculpture Pietá, colossal David, completion of architecture of Saint Peter's (Rome), paintings on ceiling of Sistine Chapel
a member of any of several church denominations denying the universal authority of the Pope and affirming the Reformation principles of justification by faith alone
1469-1527 Italian political philosopher; best known for his work Il principe (The Prince) detailing his theory of government and maxims of practical statecraft

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