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Medical Term Final

Terms

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Ischemia
tissue loses its normal blood flow and is deprived of oxygen
Peristalsis
rhythmic contractions of the tubes of the gastrointestinal tract Postprandial- after a meal
Synovial Joint
a freely movable joint
Mutation
change in the genetic material of a cell
Encapsulated
surrounded by a capsule; benign tumors are encapsulated
Delirium Tremens
withdrawal syndrome occurring in persons who have developed physiological dependence on alcohol
T Cells
lymphocyte that originates in the bone marrow but matures in the thymus gland; it acts directly on antigens to destroy them or produce chemicals such a interferons and interleukins that are toxin to antigens
Pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
Cryptorchism
failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum
Sigmoidoscopy
visual examination of the sigmoid (last part of colon)
Endometriosis
inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the uterus
Analgesics
relieves pain
Syncope
fainting
Nitrogenous Waste
substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine
Heparin
anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells
Calculi
stone formed in the gallbladder, kidneys, or other parts of the body
Thrombocytes
AKA platelets, tiny fragments of blood cells which are necessary for clotting
Diagnosis
decision reached from an examination
Prognosis
forecasting of the probable course and outcome of a disease
Radiotherapy
treatment of disease by means of x-rays or of radioactive substances
Film Badge
badgelike device that indicates whether a dose of radiation has been received
Bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection in the lower lobes of the lung
CT Scan
image showing a detailed cross-sectional view of organs and tissues
Inspiration
inhale
Atresia
absence of a normal opening
Hyperopia
farsightedness
Cretinism
congenital disease due to absence or deficiency of normal thyroid secretion
Hepatoma
tumor of the liver
Fetus
stage in prenatal development from 6 to 39 or 40 weeks
Tracheostomy
artificial opening through the neck into the trachea
Angioplasty
surgical repair of a blood vessel
Olfactory
sense of smell
Dyspepsia
trouble digesting
Prothrombin
plasma protein
Pleural Effusion
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
Psychosis
a disorder marked by loss of contact with reality
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
determination of the number of red and white cells and platelets, hemoglobin level and hematocrit, and red cell indices
Syndactyly
webbed toes or fingers
Dentalgia
toothache
Obsessive
compulsive Disorder- anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior
Coagulation
blood clotting
ACE Inhibitor
lowers blood pressure
Palliative
relieving but not curing symptoms
Interstitial Fluid
fluid in the spaces between cells
Cholecystolithiasis
presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
Anemia
literally means no blood, reduction in erythrocytes
Retina
light sensitive nerve cell layer of the eye containing photoreceptor cells
Thoracotomy
incision into the chest cavity
Hypothalamus
region of the brain lying below the thalamus and above the pituitary gland; it secretes releasing factors and hormones that affect the pituitary gland.
Hemostasis
stoppage of bleeding
Mood Disorders
prolonged emotion dominates a person's life
Superficial
surface
Lipoma
benign tumor of fatty tissue
Granulocytes
white blood cell
Erectile Dysfunction
inability of an adult male to achieve an erection
Biopsy
to remove living tissue for diagnostic
Anxiety Disorder
characterized by unpleasant tension, distress, and avoidance behavior
Chondromalacia
degeneration of cartilage in the knee
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
an inflammation of the female pelvic organs, most commonly the fallopian tubes, usually as a result of bacterial infection
Spina Bifida
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain
Lymphedema
accumulation of lymph in soft tissue with accompanying swelling, often of the extremities
Symbiosis
two organisms living together in close association
Bipolar Disorder
mood disorder with alternating periods of mania and depression
Hyperglycemia
high blood sugar
Lithotripsy
urinary tract stones are crushed
Rh factor
antigen on red blood cells of Rh-positive individuals
Immunoglobulins
protein with antibody activity
Puberty
point in the life cycle when the ability to reproduce begins
Aphasia
inability to use or understand language because of a brain lesion
Pneumothorax
collection of air in the pleural space
Cheilosis
disorder of the lips marked by fissures at the corners of the mouth
Dementia
mental decline and deterioration
Ejaculation
ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra
Mononucleosis
an infectious disease marked by increase numbers of leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
Stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth
Diuretic
increases the production of urine and thus reduces the volume of fluid in the body
SupineĀ¬
lying on the back
Rod
photoreceptor cell of the retina essential for vision in dim light and for peripheral vision
Otosclerosis
hardening of the bony tissue of the middle ear
Phobia
irrational or disabling fear
Autism
pervasive developmental disorder characterized by severe deficits in social interaction and communication, by an extremely limited range of activities and interests, and often by the presence of repetitive, stereotyped behaviors
FDA
governmental agency having the legal responsibility for enforcing proper drug manufacture and clinical use
Refraction
bending of light rays by the cornea, lens, and fluids of the eye to being the rays into focus on the retina
Causalgia
intense burning and pain following injury to a sensory nerve
Atrophy
wasting away of the body or of an organ or part
Antihistamines
blocks the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy
Pertussis
highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea cased by bordetella pertussis
Tuberculosis
infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis
Bronchoscopy
examination by means of a bronchoscope
Endocarditis
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
Radiculopathy
disease of the spinal nerve roots
Apheresis
separation of blood into component parts and removal of a select part from the blood
Anorexia Nervosa
eating disorder with excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight
Morbidity
condition of being diseased
Emphysema
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
Ulcer
open sore on the skin or mucous membranes within the body
Ultrasonography
diagnostic technique that projects and retrieves high-frequency sound waves as they echo off parts of the body
Tympanic Membrane
eardrum
Fertilization
union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
Staging System for Tumors
system of evaluating the extent of spread of tumors
Antigen
substance that stimulates the production of antibodies
Vesicle
small collection of clear fluid ; blister
Serum
plasma minus clotting proteins and cells
Psychosomatic
of or pertaining to a physical disorder that is caused by or notably influenced by emotional factors
Prolapse
fall or slide forward, often used to describe an organ
Cauterization
coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron, caustic agent, or by freezing
Ankylosis
abnormal adhesion of the bones of a joint
Ovum
egg cell; female gamete
Mesothelioma
malignant tumor of the covering of the lung or the lining of the pleural and abdominal cavities
Glycogenolysis
breakdown of glycogen to glucose
PET
positron-emitting radioactive substance given intravenously create a cross-sectional image of cellular metabolism based on local concentration of the radioactive substance
Sarcoidosis
chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
Hematochezia
passage of fresh, bright blood from the rectum
Asthma
chronic inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increase mucus production
Sickle Cell Anemia
a hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
Myopia
nearsightedness
Barium Enema
x-ray examination of the upper or lower gastrointestinal tract after barium sulfate is given rectally
Hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
Abduction
movement away from the body
Ventral (anterior)
front surface of the body
Glioma
brain tumor
Electroencephalograph
instrument for measuring and recording the electric activity of the brain
Menopause
gradual ending of menstruation
Palpation
to examine by touch
Erythema
abnormal redness of the skin due to local congestion, as in inflammation
Distal
far from the point of attachment to the trunk
Systole
contraction phase of the heartbeat
Macula
yellowish region on the retina lateral to and slightly below the optic disc
Laparoscope
instrument used to visually examine the abdomen
Pericarditis
inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
Hypertrophy
excessive development of cells, increase in size of individual cells
Fungating
mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one on top of another and project from a tissue surface
Subungual
Beneath a fingernail or toenail
In Vitro
process, test, or procedure is performed, measured, or observed outside a living organism
Schizophrenia
a psychosis marked by withdrawal form reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict
Pulmonary Edema
swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
Synovitis
inflammation of a synovial membrane
Parturition
giving birth
Fibroids
benign tumor composed of fibrous or muscle tissue
Rale
fine crackling sound heard on auscultation when there is fluid in the alveoli
Hematuria
the presence of blood in the urine
Ovulation
release of the ovum from the ovary
Gynecology
study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts
Hemolytic Anemia
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
Subcutaneous
situated or lying under the skin
Syphilis
chronic std caused by a spirochete
Collagen
deepest region of the epidermis
Pyelogram
X ray of the kidneys and ureters
Macular Degeneration
degeneration of the central portion of the retina
Gangrene
death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
Ophthalmoscope
visual examination of the interior of the eye
Pathologist
study of disease
Hydroarthrosis
inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid
Borderline Personality
personality disorder characterized by instability in many areas, as mood, identity, self-image, and behavior, and often manifested by impulsive actions, suicide attempts, inappropriate anger, or depression
Tinea
infection of the skin caused by a fungus
Aplastic Anemia
failure of blood cell production due to aplasia (absence of development formation) of bone marrow cells
Seborrhea
excessive and abnormal discharge from the sebaceous glands
Metastasize
spread of a malignant tumor to a secondary site
Toxin
A poisonous substance, especially a protein, that is produced by living cells or organisms and is capable of causing disease when introduced into the body tissues but is often also capable of inducing neutralizing antibodies or antitoxins
Malaise
vague feeling of bodily discomfort
Splenectomy
removal of the spleen
Dyspnea
painful breathing
NSAID
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, such as aspirin or ibuprofen
Carcinoma In Situ
referring to localized tumor cells that have not invaded adjacent structures
Transverse
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower
Hemorrhage
profuse discharge of blood
Sialadenitis
inflammation of the salivary glands
Rhabdomyosarcoma
malignant tumor made up of striated muscle tissue
Dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
Placentae Previa
placental implantation over the cervical os or in the lower region of the uterine wall
Macrophage
monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces
Tomography
machine for making an x-ray of a selected plane of the body
Thyrotoxicosis (Graves Disease)
condition resulting from excessive concentrations of thyroid hormones in the body, as in hyperthyroidism
pulmonary function test
measures teh ventilation mechanics of the lung (airway function, lung volume, and capacity of the lungs)
Bursitis
inflammation of a bursa
Otalgia
earache
Stimulant
excites and promotes activity
Analysis
to separate apart
Voiding
emptying of the urinary bladder
Glaucoma
increase intraocular pressure results in damage to the retina and optic nerve with loss of vision
Synapse
space through which a nervous impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another or from a neuron to another cell
Apoptosis
programmed cell death
Endoscope
an instrument for examining visually the interior of a body
Metabolism
physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its material substance is produced, maintained, and destroyed, and by which energy is made available
Neonatology
study of disorders and care of the newborn
Palsy
paralysis (partial or complete loss of motor function)
Adductor
to draw towards the body
Expiration
exhale
Synergism
combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone
Incision
cut into a body tissue or organ
Therapeutic
pertaining to the treating or curing of disease
Urination
process of expelling urine
Karyotype
photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification
In Vivo
process, test, or procedure is performed, measured, or observed within a living organism
Pyloric Stenosis
birth defect blocking flow of food to the small intestine
Diaphoresis
perspiration
Hysterectomy
excision of the uterus
Emetic
promotes vomiting
Malignant
harmful, cancerous
Dorsal (posterior)
back surface of the body
Scabies
a contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritus
Cytology
study of cells
Bilirubin
reddish pigment in bile
Contrast Medium
radiopaque substance injected into a part of the body to provide a contrasting background for the tissues in an x-ray
Diastole
relaxation phase of the heartbeat
Micturition
act of voiding
Contralateral
opposite side of the body
Immunosuppression
inhibition of the normal immune response because of disease, the administration of drugs, or surgery
Menstruation
monthly shedding of the uterine lining
Lymphocytopenia
abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
Leukocytes
white blood cell
Thymectomy
surgical removal of the thymus gland
Tendonitis
inflammation of a tendon
Leiomyosarcoma
sarcoma of smooth muscle
Myasthenia Gravis
disease of impaired transmission of motor nerve impulses, characterized by episodic muscle weakness and easy fatigability
Plasma
liquid portion of blood
Pleura
double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
Modality
method of treatment, such a surgery, chemo, or radiation
Testosterone
hormone secreted by the interstitial tissue of the testes
Thymoma
malignant tumor of the thymus gland
Paronychia
inflammation of the folds of skin bordering a nail of a finger or toe
Poliomyelitis
acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
Colonoscopy
visual examination of the colon
Psoriasis
chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques coved by silvery gray scales
Scleroderma
a chronic progressive disease of the skin with hardening and shrinking or connective tissue
Gonads
reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones
Quadriplegia
paralysis of all four limbs or of the entire body below the neck
Strabismus
abnormal deviation of the eye
Hemoglobin
blood protein containing iron
Sarcomas
cancerous tumor derived form connective of flesh tissue
Relapse
return of a disease or it's symptoms
Prone
lying on the stomach
Repression
defence mechanism by which unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and impulses are automatically pushed into the unconscious
Dysphoria
sadness, hopelessness; depressive mood, or feeling low
Hernia
protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
Xanthoma
yellow papule or nodule in the skin
grading system for tumors
visual appearance of tumor to the naked eye
Cystocele
hernia of the bladder
Semen
spermatozoa and seminal fluid
Sphygmomanometer
instrument to measure blood pressure
Embryo
stage in prenatal development from 2 to 6 weeks
Hemophilia
excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of one of the protein substances necessary for blood clotting
Impetigo
bacterial inflammatory skin disease associated with loss of blood supply
Bradycardia
slow heartbeat
Endotracheal Intubation
passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea for maintenance of the airway
Personality Disorders
lifelong personality patterns marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning
Myxedema
condition characterized by thickening of the skin, blunting of the senses and intellect, and labored speech, associated with hypothyroidism
Neoplasm
new growth
Gestation
period from fertilization of the ovum to birth
Antidote
medicine or other remedy for counteracting the effects of poison, disease, etc
Gonorrhea
inflammation of the genital tract mucous membranes, caused by infection with gonococci
Melanin
any of a class of insoluble pigments, found in all forms of animal life
Rheumatologist
physician who specializes in the treatment of rheumatic diseases
Bradykinesia
slow movement
Fibromyalgia
syndrome characterized by chronic pain in the muscles and soft tissues surrounding joints
Pulmonary Fibrosis
formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
Xeroderma
disease in which the skin becomes dry, hard, and scaly
Goiter
enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck
Antibody
protein that stimulates the production of an antibody
Hypertension
high blood pressure
Hemarthrosis
Accumulation of blood in a joint or joint cavity
Lymphopoiesis
formation of lymphocytes
Salpingectomy
excision of the Fallopian tube
Acute
sharp or severe in effect
Diabetes Insipidus
inadequate secretion or resistance of the kidney to the action of antidiuretic hormone
Neurotransmitter
chemical messenger, releases at the end of a nerve cell
Dialysis
process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the bloodstream
Anaphylaxis
exaggerated or unusual hypersensitivity in the body; type of antigen
Cataract
clouding of the lens, causing decreased vision
Pedophilia
sexual urges and fantasies involving sexual activity with a prepubesecent child
Cerumen
waxy substance secreted by the external ear
Vertigo
sensation of irregular of whirling motion either of oneself or of external objects
Congestive Heart Failure
heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood
Laparoscopy
visual examination of the abdomen
Fibrillation
uncontrolled twitching or quivering of muscular fibrils
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
magnetic and radio waves create an image of the brain in all three planes
Iatrogenic
caused by the diagnosis, manner, or treatment of a physician
Castration
surgical excision of testicles or ovaries
Urea
major nitrogenous waste product excreted in urine
pH
measure of the acidity of a solution
Histologist
specialist in the study of tissue
Creatinine
waste product of muscle metabolism
Topical Application
drugs are applied locally on the skin or mucous membranes of the body
Sagittal
lengthwise vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides
Diaphragm
muscular membranous partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities and functioning in respiration
Necrosis
condition of death
Acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities
Estrogen
hormone produced by the ovaries
Acoustic
pertaining to the sense or organs of hearing, to sound, or to the science of sound
Voyeurism
sexual excitement is achieved by observing unsuspecting people who are naked, undressing, or engaging in sexual activity
Mammography
x-ray photography of a breast
Astigmatism
refractive error of the eye in which parallel rays of light from an external source do not converge on a single focal point on the retina
Paranoid
continually suspicious and mistrustful of other people but not to a psychotic of delusional degree
Sterilization
any procedure that removes an individual's ability to produce or release of reproductive cells
Ketoacidosis
acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies
Post
trauma Stress Disorder- anxiety- related symptoms appear after a personal experience of a traumatic event
Uremia
condition resulting from the retention in the blood of constituents normally excreted in the urine
Oncogene
region of DNA in tumor cells or viruses that cause cancer
Splenomegaly
enlargement of the spleen
Retroperitoneal
situated behind the peritoneum
Auscultation
listening to sounds within the body
Bronchogenic Carcinoma
carcinoma that develops in the mucosa of the large bronchi and produces a persistent productive cough or hemoptysis
Accommodation
automatic adjustment by which the eye adapts itself to distinct vision at different distances
Hyperbilirubinemia
high level of bilirubin in the blood
Homeostasis
ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes
Colectomy
removal of the colon
Colostomy
opening from the colon through the abdominal wall
Adrenaline/epinephrine
secreted by the adrenal medulla; increase heart beat and blood pressure
Palatoplasty
repair cleft palate and cleft lip
Diabetes Mellitus
inadequate secretion or improper utilization of insulin
Cystic Fibrosis
inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions that do not drain normally
Testes (testicles)
male gonad or reproductive gland
Albuminuria
presence of albumin in the urine
Radiopaque
obstruction the passage of x-rays
Autopsy
examination of a cadaver to determine cause of death
Periodontist
specialist in the disease of the gums
Pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
Echocardiography
instrument employing reflected ultrasonic waves to examine the structures and functioning of the heart
Proctologist
specialist in the study of the anus and rectum
Pruritus
itching
Placenta
vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy
Articulation
any joint
Psychiatry
practice or science of diagnosing and treating mental disorders
Diphtheria
acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium
Aneurysm
local widening of an arterial wall
Mitral Valve Prolapse
cardiopathy resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart
Myocardium
muscular, middle layer of the heart
Radiography
process by which radiographs are made
Osteomalacia
softening of bone
Vaccine
weakened or killed mircroorganisms or toxins administered to induce immunity to infection or disease
Benign
noncancerous growth
Wheeze
continuous high-pitched whistling sound heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration
Arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
Bilateral
pertaining to both sides
Gingivitis
inflammation of the gums
Anesthesia
lack of normal sensation
Aneurysm
weakened area in the vessel wall that balloons and may burst
Percussion
striking or tapping of the surface of a part of the body for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
Subdural Hematoma
hematoma that occurs between the dura mater and arachnoid in the subdural space
Congenital Anomaly
birth defect
Gamete
sexual reproductive cell; sperm or ovum
Ovaries
pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis
Hemolysis
destruction of red blood cells
Cone
photoreceptor cell in the retina that transforms light energy into a nerve impulse
Viscera
organs in the cavities of the body
Resection
the excision of all or part of an organ or tissue
AIDS
syndrome associated with suppression of the immune system and marked by opportunistic infection, secondary neoplasms, and neurologic problems
Narcolepsy
sudden, uncontrollable compulsion to sleep
Catheter
tube for injecting or removing fluid
Cephalgia
headache
Angiogram
x-ray of one or more blood vessels produced by angiography
Blepharoptosis
inflammation of eyelid, causing redness, crusting, and swelling along lid margins
Bronchiectasis
bronchus or the bronchi are distended
Anaplasia
loss of differentiation of cells;
Ketone bodies
breakdown products resulting from increased delivery of free fatty acids to the liver and from catabolism of the fatty acids
Paraplegia
paralysis of both legs and the lower part to the body
Blood Transfusion
whole blood or cells are taken from a donor and infused into a patient
Differential
Of, relating to, or showing a difference
Dissociative disorder
chronic or sudden disturbance in memory, identity, or consciousness
Epistaxis
nosebleed
Aspiration
withdrawl of fluid by suction with a needle
Arthroplasty
surgical repair of a joint
Platelet Count
number of platelets per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
Hemoptysis
coughing or spitting blood
Eczema
inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, papulovesicular lesions
Metamorphosis
condition of change in a shape or form
Catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones
Arrhythmias
any disturbance in the rhythm of the heartbeat
Intravenous Pyelogram
X-ray picture of the kidneys and ureters after injection of a radiopaque dye
Pneumoconiosis
abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
Proximal
near the point of attachment to the trunk
Steatorrhea
fat in the stool
Croup
acute viral infection in infants and children that obstructs the larynx
Amniocentesis
withdraw of the fluid from the embryo for culture and karyotyping
Anesthetics
reduces or eliminates sensation
Hematemesis
vomiting blood
Apraxia
movements and behavior that are not purposeful
Erythrocytes
red blood cell
Otomycosis
fungous infection of the external auditory canal
Dyslexia
impairment of the ability to recognize and comprehend written words
Leukemia
increase in cancerous white blood cells
Hematocrit
percentage by volume of packed red blood cells in a given sample of blood after centrifugation
Biliary
pertaining to bile
Nephron
combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretion take place in the kidney
Pyuria
pus in the urine
Electrolyte
chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water
Chemotherapy
treatment with drug use
Gouty Arthritis
inflammation and painful swelling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body
Anabolism
simple substances are synthesized into the complex materials
pulmonary parenchyma
essential parts of the lung, responsable for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
Autoimmune Disease
disease resulting from a disordered immune reaction in which antibodies are produced against one's own tissues
Sperm cell
mature fertilizing gamete
Carcinomas
cancerous tumor made up of cells of epithelial origin
Toxic
pertaining to, affected with, or caused by a toxin or poison
Alopecia
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows
Paresthesia
abnormal feeling
Bulimia Nervosa
eating disorder with binge eating followed by vomiting, purging, and depression
Lymphocytosis
abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the blood
Toxicology
study of the harmful chemicals and their effects on the body
Addison Disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
Cushing Syndrome
group of symptoms produced by excess cortisol from th adrenal cortex
Circumcision
surgical procedure to remove the prepuce of the penis
Gastroenteritis
inflammation of the intestines or stomach
Tonsillitis
inflammed tonsils
Murmur
abnormal heart sound caused by improper closure of the heart valves
Glycolysis
process in which carbohydrates and sugars are broken down
Pharmacology
study to the preparation, properties, uses, and actions of drugs
Reticulocyte
immature erythrocyte with a network of stands that are seen after staining the cell with special dyes
Coronal (frontal)
vertical plane diving the body into anterior and posterior portions
Cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder
Half Life
time required for a radioactive substance to lose half its radioactivity by disintegration
Pulmonary Embolism
clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
Pacemaker
specialized nervous tissue in the right atrium that begins the heartbeat
Abruptio Placentae
placenta prematurely separates from the wall of the uterus
Exenteration
wide resection involving removal of the tumor, its organ of origin, and all surround tissue in the body space

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