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UNIT 6 7 8 test

Terms

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CPR
cardio pulmonary resuscitation
toxic
poisonous
poison
substance that can have harmful affects including death.
hazardous
capable of causing injury
blood pressure
pressure exerted by blood on the walls of the artery.
indications of fever
hot skin, flushed, thirst, restlessness, chills
central circulation
refers to the flow of blood to the brain, heart and kidneys
sudden death
the unexpected and instantaneous cessation of breathing and the pulse, or within 60 minutes of onset of symptoms in patients without known preexisting heart disease.
assessment skill include
palpation-feel, osculation- hear, observation- see
portal of exit
route by which a pathogen leaves the body.
disc
a round structure composed of cartilage that lies between the vertabrae.
streptococci
bacteria arranged in chains; can cause diseases like rheumatic fever, streptococcal phneumonia and scarlet fever
diastolic
bottom # of BP reading - also refers to that period of time between heart contractions
hepatitis B
inflammation of the liver that is caused by the hep B virus and spread through contact with Blood products or infected body fluids (most common form contracted by healthcare workers)
diplococci
bacteria in pairs.
subclavian artery
located deep in the hollow proximal to the clavicle
subjective
provided by patient.
diaphragm
part of a stethoscope
circadian rhythm
physiological changes that cycle every 24 hour intervals. sleep temp is lowest 4-6am, pm temp is highest.
laceration
jagged tear in the flesh
syncope
fainting, sudden brief and temporary loss of consciousness. physiological reason is always : blood pressure decreases and does not transport enough oxygen to the brain.
airway ( First Check) First aid
assessment includes making sure the airway is not blocked by the patients tongue, body fluid or foreign object
palpation
process of examining by application of the hands or fingers to the external surface of the body
alignment
a physical position in which there is no stress or strain on any part of the body.
fracture
crack or break in the bone
opportunistic infection
an immune system that does not function properly makes a person susceptible to many different kinds of infections.
sterile field
includes the area of supplies that are sterilized.
organism
any living thing that is composed of one cell.
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency ; a viral disease caused by the human immunodeficiency - damages the immune system.
normal temp rectally
98.6- 100.6
when dealing with children
Always hold thier hand, keep sharp objects out of reach, place all solutions and medications out of reach
reverse isolation
a method of protecting a patient with a suppressed immune system from pathogens.
seizure intervention
1. make sure airway is open 2. protect patient from harm 3. make the patient comfortable 4. protect yourself. (never put fingers in their mouth) when seizure stops- roll patient to one side in case of vomiting. Important to note: time seizure started, how long it lasted, if it began in a certain part of the body, whether loss of bowel or bladder.
temporal artery
located anterior to the ear
2 skills very valuable in healthcare field
1. learn to take directions, 2. how to direct.
disaster
unexpected event that causes great damage, depletes or exhausts currently available resources.
hemorrhage
profuse bleeding.
Hepatitis A
inflammation of the liver that is caused by the hepatitis A virus and spread by the fecal-oral route either from poor handwashing or contaminated food
sternum
breast bone
anti cubital
in front of the elbow and at the ben of the elbow
disinfection
most common method of maintaining an enviornment free from many pathogens.
incident report
a record completed after an unusal occurrence that describes what happened and the steps taken after the occurence.
pathogenic organism
living thing capable of producing disease such as bacteria, viruses or spores.
Key to medical Asepsis
handwashing.
avulsion
painful soft tissue injury in which a flap of tissue is torn loose or pulled off completely.
airway
a tube natural or man made that provides a passageway for air to and from the lungs.
airborne transmission
a method of transmitting pathogens when a susceptible host is exposed of infected by the nuclei of evaporated, infected droplets.
Good samaritan
protects healthcare worker from liability in emergency situations.
vital signs
assessment of blood pressure , temperature, pulse and respirations.
carotid artery
located laterally to the thyroid cartilage, inferior to the mandible
bacilli
rod shaped bacteria
respiration
breathing. count respirations for 1 minutes
pressure points
if direct pressure is not successful, use indirect presssure by locating the pressure point superior to the injury and apply pressure to that artery until the pulsation in the artery stops.
OSHA
occupational safety & health admin- government agency that develops safety standards and establishes maximum levels of exposure to many hazardous materials.
hypovolemic shock
shock caused by severe blood loss. : Use trendelenburg position: symptoms: change in mental status, staring of the eyes, dilated pupils, pale, cool, diaphoretic, weak, rapid pulse, rapid- shallow respirations, hypotension(late sign)
ROM
range of motion
unconscious
state of insensible , or without conscious experiences
anaerobic
do not require oxygen
normal temp axillary
96.6 - 98.6
hypothermia
temp too low - indicated by cold, clammy skikn, lifeless manor.
Class D
combustible metals- magnesium, potassium, sodium
apical
refers to the apex of heart, location where the heartbeat is the loudest.
body mechanics
efficient and safe use of the body during activity.
adrenalene
hormone secreted frfom the adrenal gland
Breathing ( First Aid)
1.listen and feel for presence of air escaping through nose or mouth. 2.look at chest for rise and fall. 3. feel for any slight indication of exhalation with your cheek next to patients nose and mouth.
hypovolmic
severe blood loss
irreversible brain damage occurs in
4-6 minutes.
afebriale
doesnt have fever
contamination
not pure or unclean; usually indicates the presence of pathogens.
NIOSH
national institute for occupaqtional safety and health. - government agency that investigates requests submitted by employers or emploees regarding working conditions and how they relate to illnesses and disease contracted by employees.
infectious agent
any disease causing microorganism ( pathogen)
fungi
large group of simple plants-only mold and yeasts are capable of causing disease.
sterile technique
the procedure used by healthcare workers when performing or assisting with a sterile procedure; surgical asepsis.
virus
a microscopic parasitic organism capable of causing an infectious disease.
abrasion
open wound, which out layer of skin has been scraped off.
accident report
written report made to record the circumstances surrounding and unexpected event and the actions taken after the event.
MSDS
material safety data sheet. - official required document that identifies chemicals used ina specific dept. including important info.
contact transmission
direct and indirect transmission of pathogenic microorganisms
2 most common disease proccesses caused by opportunistic infections
pneumonia, certain types of cancer.
idustrial illnesses
illness received from infections contracted at work.
HTN
hypertension
normal temp orally
97.6 - 99.7
asymptomatic
not showing any signs of disease
death occurs at
108-109
cocci
round shaped bacteria
common definition of shock
failure of blood to circulate
balance
the ability to maintain position
anus
rectal opening that lies in the fold of the buttocks.
Adult vitals may not change until
1000-1500cc (1 - 1 1/2) qt. blood loss, and infant may be unable to tolerate blood loss of 30cc(1oz)
antecdote
a substance that neutralized a poison
axilla
armpit
contaminate
to introduce a harmful substance
cardiac arrest
asystole- absence of heartbeat
hazard communication standard
a federal guidline concerning employers responsibility in informing workers of chemical hazards in the work place.
posture
alignment and position of the body
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
nosocomial infection
an infection that is aquired during a stay at a hospital.
synocope
fainting
asphyxiation
lack of oxygen in the body that might be caused by choking, strangulation or drowning.
radial artery
located in the wrist on teh thumb side
trendelenburg position
position patient with feet elevated above the level of his heart. ( 8-12 inches) directs flow of blood towards the brain. Remove pillow from under patients head.
sphygmomanometer
instrument for determining arterial pressure. blood pressure cuff.
sterile technique
specific procedure used by healthcare workers who9 are perfomring a sterile procedure or assisting with one.
infection cycle
a pattern that describes the origin and transmission of a disease or illness.
stethoscope
instrument used to ampliy sounds from in the body . Also the device used to listen for a pulse, blood pressure, bowl or lung sounds
microorganism
organism that is not visible with the naked eye.
radial
pertains to or relates to the area of the radius- in the wrist.
transmission based precaustions
guidelines developed by CDC to help prevent transmission of specific infectious and communicable diseases of patients either suspected of or having a confirmed certain pathogen.
CVD
coronary vascular disease
center of gravity
the area in the body where the mass is centered.
AX
axilla
Intervention techniques for Hypovolemic shock
1. Trendelenburg position, 2. apply direct pressure if hemorrahging. 3. vomiting blood or rectal bleeding- surgery may be required. 4. keep patient warm. 5. do not move patient 6. MONITOR carefully.
septic
pertains to pathogenic organisms and thier toxins
assessment
an evaluation of the patient
peripheral circulation
blood flow to the surface of the skin, extremities, ears, nose and face
staphylococci
round bacteria in grape like clusters; can cause boils, impetigo, osteomyelitis
Hepatitis C
inflammation of the liver cause by the HepC viurs and spread through contact with infected blood or body fluids.
bacteria
the plural of bacterium ; single- celled microorganisms in the class schizomycetes
CPR
cardio pulmonary resuscitaion- combines rescue breathing and chest compressions.
spirilla
spiral shaped bacteria
triage
to sort or prioritize care fora group of patients.
Medic - Alert
a symbol that indicates important medical information. usually found on bracelet.
right to know
term used to describe communication to employees concerning chemical hazards in the work place.
femoral artery
located in the groove between teh groin and the hip.
systolic
top number of BP reading
Circulation (first AID)
last step in primary survey- check circulation. feel for pulse in carotid artery. (located on either sides of the adams apple. check for 5-10 seconds before beginning CPR.
iliac artery
located in the groin
homeostasis
equilibrium
CDC
center for disease control and prevention - gov't agency responsible for protecting public health through prevention and control of disease.
Class B fire
bursting flammable liquids, gasoline, paint, oil, fat
RACE
rescue, ALERT , confine, extinguish
susceptible host
a person capable of being affected or infected by invading micro organisms, depending on the degree of that person's resistance.
best pulse to monitor on an infant
brachial pulse. found inside of upper arm between elbow and shoulder.
contusion
bruise- soft tissue injury caused by seepage of blood into the tissue
homoragic
pertains to or marked by bleeding
celcius
a temperature scale used in medicine uses 100 at the boiling water... and zero for freezing.
protozoa
the only group of microbes classified as an animal. they are single celled and cause diseases such as dysentery and malaria.
ABC
airway, breathing and circulation.
aural
pertaining to the ear
ulnar artery
located on the medial aspect of the elbow
line of gravity
an imaginary vertical line that passes through the center of gravity
6 R's
right medicaton, dose, route, patient, documentation, time
reservoir host
the individual in which the infectious micro-organisms reside.
seizure
a neurological dysfunction characterized by LOC (loss of consciousness) and involuntary spasmodic muscle twitching.
pulse
a quantitative measurement of the heartbeat using a stethoscope or fingers to palpate an artery.
popliteal artery,
located posterior to the patella
pathogen
disease causing microorganism.
route of transmission
the method by which the pathogen gets from teh reservoir to the new host.
oral
pertains to the mouth
PASS
fire extinguisher- P-pull, A-aim, S- squeeze, S-sweep,
aseptic
sterile ; preventing infection
HazCom.
hazard communication program : 4 parts: employee training, written program, material safety data sheets, warning labels.
vertebrae
33 small bones making up the spinal column
AP
apical
autoclave
an effective means of sterilization, uses heat and steam under pressure to produce a sterile product. Kills all viruses including viruses and spores.
po
by mouth
CIL
chemical informatin list- listing of all potentially hazardous chemicals found in the area.
secondary survey
head to toe physical assessment. an additional assesemtn of a patient to determine the existence of any injuries other tahn those found in the primary survey.
Hg
mercury
epistaxis
nose bleed
aerobic
bacteria that need oxygen to grow
portal of entry
the route through which the pathogen enters its new host.
Class A fire
ordinary combustibles- wood, paper, cloth, natural fibers,
primary survey
an examination of the patient to determine the presence of any life threatening emergencies; the inital assessment of airway, breathing, and circulation on a patient.
standard precautions
guidelines developed by CDC for protecting healthcare workers from exposure to blood borne pathogens in body secretions.
TPR b/p
temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure
high fowlers position
head elevated 90 degrees.
compression
squeezing together
DVT
deep vein thrombosis
seizures
a neurological dysfunction caused by a sudden episode of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain that may result in the involuntary, uncontrolled muscle contractions. usually characterized by LOC and involuntary spasmodic muscle twitching.
medic alert
a symbol that indicates important medical information. cardiac, allergies, insulin
fowlers position
head elevated 45 degrees. (or semi-fowlers position)
neurogenic
due to or resulting from nervous impulses.
v/s
vital signs
Class C
crackling electrical current - appliances, motors, switches, equipment
droplet transmission
method of transmitting pathogens when a susceptible host becomes exposed or infected through the droplets emitted during coughing, sneezing, talking, singing, or while performing ventilations.
clean technique
the removal of destruction of infected material or organisms, medical asepsis.
Infection cycle
infectious agent, reservoir host, portal of exit, route of transmission, portal or entry,susceptible host
objective
information obtained from observing the patient.
temp low when
starvation, disease, hemoragic, death below 90 degrees
base of support
contact of an object against the surface of which it rests.
brachial artery
located on the medial aspect of the upper arm, about 3 inches inferior to the axilla.
oscultation
to listen
FIRST AID
immediate care provided to a person who has sustained an injury,sudden illness, or other medical emergency.
temp
temperature
ABG
arterial blood gases ; test used to measure oxygen levels. after blood drawn, must exert pressure for 6-10 minutes when bleeding stops, apply pressure bandage.
dorsalis pedis artery
located on anterior of the foot at the angle in the ankle.

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