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Ancient Greece Test

Test over Ancient Greece on Wednesday 4/9/2008

Terms

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helot
a member of a certain class of servants in ancient Sparta
tyrant
a ruler who takes power by force
Achilles
A Greek who fought bravely during the Trojan war-Was killed during the Trojan war by an arrow in his heel
Zeus
King of Gods and Goddesses and all Greeks. Ruler of the sky and storms. Protector of the Law.
Sparta
a city-state in the southern part of ancient Greece
oracle
in ancient Greece, a sacred site where a god or goddess was consulted; any priest or priestess who spoke for the Gods
assassinate
to murder for a political reason
Athena
Zeus's daughter. Goddess of war and protector her cities.
Hera
Wife and Queen to Zeus. Goddess of marriage and women.
Hellenistic
describing Greek history after the death of Alexander the Great, including the three main kingdoms formed by the breakup of Alexander's empire
Thucydides
Greek historian who fought in the Peloponnesian war. Fought for Athens, and wrote about the war on both sides.
Pericles
Rule of Athens during the Peloponnisian War. Ruler during first 3 years of Persian war. Killed by the plague
Poseidon
Zeus's brother and Lord of Horses. God of sea and water and earthquakes.
Aristotle
Student of Plato. Knows as "The Realist" Looked for the reason why things happened. He excelled at the study of marine biology. He opened his own school called the Lyceum.
tragedy
a type of serious drama that usually ends in disaster for the main character
plague
a wide-spread disease
slavery
condition of being owned by, and forced to work for someone else
Odysseus
A Greek who fought bravely during the Trojan war-Odyssey about this man-story about returning home to Greece from Troy
acropolis
the fortified, or strengthened hill of an ancient Greek city
aristocrat
a member of a rich and powerful family
tyranny
When a tyrant is in control cruel or not
trireme
An ancient Greek or Roman galley or warship, having three tiers of oars on each side.
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia from 336-323 B.C.; conqueror of Persia and Egypt and invader of India. Aristotle was his Tutor
Plato
The Idealist. Wrote Dialogues which is a series of essays. Thought only wise men and women should rule. Thought there was a perfect world and Earth was a shadow of it. Student of Socrates. Asked questions about Truth, Justice and Beauty Had a school called The Academy.
Athens
a city-state in ancient Greece; the capital of modern day Greece
agora
a public market and meeting place in an ancient Greek city; the Agora of Athens is spelled with a capital A
blockade
an action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies
Apollo
Son of Zeus, God of poetry and music. Most widely worshiped God.
philosopher
someone who uses reason to understand the world; in Greece, the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural events
phalanx
(in ancient Greece) a group of heavily armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep, with shields joined and long spears overlapping.
barbarian
a wild and uncivilized person
vendor
a seller of goods
peninsula
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land
Socrates
Knows as "The Questioner". Classroom was the marketplace. He constantly asked questions to make people think deeply about things. Athens found him guilty for not believing in Gods and he was poisoned.
Peloponnesian War
(431-404 B.C.) a war fought between Athens and Sparta in ancient Greece, involving almost every other Greek city-state
democracy
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves
Democritus
Philosopher. Believed everything was made of small atoms

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