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Marine Biology Module 2

Terms

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autotrophs
organisms that are ably to produce their own food
binominal nomenclature
identifying an organism by its genus and species name
asexual reproduction
reproduction accomplished by a single organism
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
osmoregulator
an organism that regulates its internal concentration of salts
respiration
the process by which food is converted into useable energy for life functions
sexual reproduction
reproduction that involves that union of gametes from two organisms:a male and a female
homeotherm
an animal that maintains a controlled internal body temperature using its own heating and cooling mechanisms
ectotherm
an organism whose body temperature is controlled by its surrounding environment
osmoconformer
an organism that allows its internal concentration of salts to change in order to match the external concentration of salts in the surrounding water
photosynthesis
the process by which an organism uses the energy from the sun to produce its own food
diffusion
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
heterotrophs
organisms that connot make their own food and must obtain it from other organisms
homeostasis
the tendency of living orgainisms to control or regulate changes in their internal environment
poiklotherm
an organism whose body temperature changes with its surrounding environment
endotherm
an animal whose internal body temperature is a result of internal sources of heat
metabolism
the process by which a living organism takes energy from its surroundings and uses it to sustain itself, develop, and grow

Deck Info

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