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Chinese Dynasties

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Han
The invention of paper came about during this dynasty; as a result, literacy expanded.
Ming
This dynasty refused to pay a ransom when the Mongols kidnapped the emperor, Zhengtong. Instead of paying the ransom, this dynasty just made Zhengtong's half brother, Jintai, the new emperor.
Han
Wu Di was probably this dynasty's greatest emperor.
Yuan
This dynasty set up relay stations; it was the first messenger system across Asia
Song
This dynasty established a new tax system that caused many peasants to become tenant farmers.
Sui
One of this dynasty's greatest accomplishments was digging a tremendous irrigation channel that connected the Chang Jian River to the Yellow River. The channel was known as the Grand Canal.
Tang
This dynasty had a clear hierarchy of government. The Secretariat and the Chancellery advised the emperor, and the Department of State Affairs oversaw six ministries. The Censorate ("watchdog" or "CIA") oversaw the government as a whole
Ming
During this dynasty, sailing expeditions reached as far as Africa. The voyages brought back a lor of fancy goods from overseas, but the main purpose of the voyages was to establish ties with foreign governments.
Sui
This dynasty might have ended because while it was trying to extent its boundaries into Manchuria and Korea, it was overpowered by the Turks. However, another theory is that the people revolted because the government required too much labor, and the people had to pay a lot of taxes.
Qin
This dynasty ended the first warring states period in China. (China was united for the first time)
Qin
This dynasty did not want any threats, so its leader ordered the death of 460 scholars.
Ming
Emperor Xuande, of this dynasty, was seen as humane; he didn't like the death penalty and he didn't think that debtors should be put in jail.
Han
This dynasty was the first dynasty to use leveling; now people might not go hungry in times of bad harvests.
Ming
Toward the end of this dynasty's reign, Emperor Chongzhen was scared of the oncoming enemy, so he made his wife commit suicide, he killed his daughters, and then he hanged himself.
Ming
This dynasty got soldiers to move to the frontier in exchange for free land.
Song
This dynasty also gave the Khitan a lot of silver so they could stay at their capital in Kaifeng. Later they moved their capital to Hangzhou in southeast China.
Ming
This dynasty fell for many reasons: the eunuchs had too much control, government officials bickered, the government raised taxes but spent more money (on themselves) than it recieved, soldiers left their posts, and finally, the Manchus invaded.
Song
This dynasty could be seen as benevolent because it set up hospitals and orphanages. It also gave out food and money in times of natural disasters.
Ming
This dynasty had a tremendous empire. Parts of its territory included Manchuria, Korea, northern China, central Asia, and even parts of Europe.
Tang
During this dynasty, the Silk Road became safer for travelers because it was monitored by patrols
Qing
this dynasty's most revered emperor was Kangxi. It didn't seem to matter that he was of Manchu descent.
Qin
This dynasty was autocratic in nature; it accomplished a lot in a short period of time, in part, because the dynasty used "compulsory labor."
Han
A scholar, Sima Qian, recorded the first history of China during this dynasty.
Song
The Literati were this dynasty's highest government officials
Zhou
King You was one of the last leaders of this kingdom; shortly after he was killed, the warring states continued until a powerful dynasty emerged.
Han
The Imperial Academy was established during this dynasty. Scholars might have used this library to study for the first civil service exams.
Ming
This dynasty was responsible for the construction of the Imperial Palace and the Temple of Heaven
Zhou
The most important advancement for this dynasty was the discovery of iron. Iron plows helped the farmers grow more grain. They might have used iron tools to start working on an irrigation system that later became known as the Grand Canal.
Jin
This fairly insignificant dynasty was founded by the Jurchen people. However, it was the first dunasty to have a capital in present-day Beijing. This dynasty offered Genghis Khan a princess is hopes that he would not attack. Later the people of this dynasty had their lives spared when a Mongol ruler decided to tax them instead of killing them.
Yuan
During this dynasty the government built Confucian temples and tried to revive the Civil Service tests, in part because they felt the need to reestablish the "ruler to ruled" ideology that was partially lost when Buddhism took root in China.
Tang
During this dynasty, Buddhists gained power, so the government put an end to Buddhism and brought back Confucianism.
Qin
This dynasty was divided into thirty-six districts; each district was headed by a civil governor and military governor. The governors were overseen by an imperial inspector.
Sui
This dynasty ended the second period of warring states. As a result, China was reunited around 581

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