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Ap Human Geography 3rd Quarter Midterm Review

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Christaller's Model
model that shows a central place that provides support for the population in its hinterland
clustering of doctor's offices and pharmacies around a hospital is an example of
in terms of tonnage, the largest export crop in the world
United States
consumes most fossil fuels per capita
von thunen's law
model of agricultural land use based on the cost of transportation and rent
prior to 1850, all major cities were located near
multicropping is associated with ________ agriculture
aging population
most characteristic of a country in the last stage of demographic transition(low birth/low death and zero population growth)
cultural landscape
what humans have done to effect the enviornment
substance farming
agricultural production for family consumption
literacy rate
correlates closely with per-capita income
rank-size rule
a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement
corporate farms
because of improvements in transportation and systems, these farms have gained an advantage over family farms
sector model
according to this model of north american cities, members of low income groups tend to live in linear residential areas radiating from the center of the city outward(like slices of a pie)
fragmentation of a region into smaller units
primate city
urban center disproportionately larger than the 2nd largest city in a country that dominates the country's social, political, and economic activities
export oriented
south american populations are located near coasts because colonial cities were
New England
over-harvesting of breeding stock by commercial fishermen is an immediate concern to policy makers here
United Nations
this supranational organization has set the law of the sea at 12 nautical miles
form of transportation with low terminal cost, high line cost, and high route flexibility
the art and science of mapmaking
modern architecture
architecture that stresses efficiency and geometrical order
belief systems
alignment of ancient chinese cities based on the cardinal directions best illustrates the importance of this in the planning of early cities
an area in Canada reserved for native peoples
younger age structures
less developed countries tend to have these age structures
world cities
international company headquarters, significant global financial functions, and a polarized social structure are defining characteristics of
an ethnic religion
Shiite Muslim
the majority of Iran's population belongs to this religous sect
realm of the greatest linguistic fragmentation
this is to geography as periodization is to history
core-periphery model
early stages of this model describe the relationship of power and the transfer of resources from less developed to more developed countries
in the first half of the 20th century, this facilitated the transportation of beef(boo!) over long distances to global markets
in the early 21st century, most refugees were in
city beautiful movement
architects and planners from this movement introduced beauty and imposed order in chaotic industrial cities
a characteristic of shifting agriculture
pop culture
diffuses quickly to a wide variety of places
shatter belt
an area of instability between opposing political and cultural values
the federal survey system
of the late 18th century which imposed a geometric pattern on the landscape
rural to urban
greatest migration trend of the 19th and 20th century in intraregional areas worldwide
nickel smelting
an industry that is located close to the source of raw materials
cultural diffusion
the spread of an idea or innovation from its source
fragmented state
Indonesia is an example of a
single 25 year olds
are most likely to migrate
economic activities that involve the collection, processing and manipulation of information
supranational orginizations
orginizations including at least 3 countries that members must compromise to join; ex. the European Union, the Arab League, the United Nations
New Zealand
has low population growth due to good education, isolation, and favorable economics
Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana
the largest concentration of amish is found in
a large environmental problem associated with africa
size of a map's smallest discernible land unit
country with few people per unit of arable land
footloose industry
the computer chip industry is an example of a
southwest asia
the world's 3 major monotheistic religions(Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) orginated here
from of transportation with low terminal cost, low line cost, and low route flexibility
high mass consumption
the final stage of Rostow's modernization
wheat was first domesticated in
hearths of early agriculture
first cities arose in
Rostow's modernization
model of modernization concerned with economic development that matures to high mass consumption
form of transportation with high terminal cost, low line cost, and low route flexibility
desertifacation is most often associated with
energy and technology
dramatic increases in grain production since 1950 have been made possible by an increase in the use of
enviornmental desterminism
according to this idea, temperate regions have the most productive settlements
Frank Lloyd Wright
father of modern architecture and the subject of Ayn Rand's book "The Fountainhead"
Unlike other Mediterranean agriculture areas, Californian agriculture uses
is reshaping traditional economic arrangements by expanding the importance of express package delivery systems
colonial cities
some prominent native american cities later became
in the early 20th century most refugees were in
European Union
this supranational organization fostered economic growth by eliminating tariffs and trade restrictions between member states
important gateway city (gateway to the pacific)
12 nautical miles
the United Nations has set the law of the sea at
manufacturing outsourcing centers along the U.S./Mexican border
4 asian tigers
Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan are the
Industrial Revolution
spawned vast manufacturing centers
did not have lasting colonial presence in Africa after 1920
in the late 20th century, most refugees were in
land parcels in the United States Midwest are usually this shape
lines of _________ meet at the poles

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