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Social Studies Exam - just vocab (not IDs!)

Let me know if I missed anything!
P.S. These are just the vocab words...not IDs!


undefined, object
copy deck
a feeling of intense pride of one's homeland
Big Stick Policy
"Speak softly and carry a big stick."
Franz Ferdinand
the heir to the Austo-Hungarian throne who was shot by a member of the Serbian nationalist group called the "Black Hand"
the owner of the New York Journal who used yellow journalism during the Spanish-American war
Gross National Product
the total number of all goods and services produced by a country
Square Deal
Roosevelt's idea that all deals should be right, fair, and equal
a nickname for the inexperienced but fresh American soldiers
the owner of the New York World who used yellow journalism during the Spanish-American War
a region in southeastern Europe where crisis struck in the 1800s because each group within the region wanted their own independence
Model T
Ford's-assembly line product which was affectionately known as the "Tin Lizzie" or "Flivver"
"let people do as they choose"
Poll Tax
a tax of $2 that was given to those who wanted to vote
prohibited materials
San Juan Heights
a series of hills overlooking the main road to Santiago, which were attacked by American soldiers during the Spanish-American War
Black Tuesday
October 29th, 1929: the day when prices in the stock market took a steep dive, plunging over $10 million dollars
the farmers, who in the Great Depression, were forced to move, many moved to Oklahoma
the group of people in southeastern Europe who were against austro hungary and ottoman empire
Panama Canal
the manmade canal that stretches across Panama and was built under a 1903 US treaty with Panama
Fixed Costs
costs a company has to pay, whether or not it is operating
when a single company achieves control of an entire market
Army Nursing Corps
the only group of women to actually serve in the army
Charles Lindbergh
the pilot who, with his transatlantic solo flight, demonstrated the possibilities of aviation to many
a friendship or agreement to "have somebody's back" in a time of need
the right to vote
information designed to influence opinion
Fordney-McCumber Act
the act that, in 1922, raised tariffs dramatically in an effort to protect American industry, but actually ended up hurting American farmers even more
Meat Inspection Act
the act that required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce
Selective Service
the requirement that all men between 21 and 30 must register for the military draft
Josiah Strong
a popular American minister in the late 1800s who linked Anglo-Saxonism to Christian missionary ideas
Commodore George Dewey
a commodore during the Spanish-American War who captured the Philippines and Guam
separation of the races
Triple Entente
at the start of WWI: France, Russia, Great Britain
Guerilla Warfare
a "hit and run" type of warfare
Literacy Test
a test that required that prospective voters be able to read or understand the state constitution
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria
war damages
Sugarcane Plantations
one of the reasons that Spain wanted control of Cuba
15th Amendment
the amendment that stated that no one could be rejected voting rights based on race, color, or ex-slave
underground areas that troops dug in order to have somewhere to reconvene and fire their guns during warfare
Sussex Pledge
the agreement between Germany and the US that said that Germany would sink no more merchant ships without warning
to not take a side
Plessy v. Ferguson
a court case held in 1896 that determined the "separate but equal" policy
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty that weakened or discarded many of Wilson's proposals which stripped Germany of its armed forces, made Germany pay reparations, and humiliated Germany
Grandfather Clause
a voting restriction that allowed any man to vote if he had an ancestor in the voting rolls in 1867
tall steel frame buildings, which were a big part of the USA's new urban environment
shares of ownership
a situation in which the imperial power allowed the local rulers of a country to stay in control while they protected them against rebellions and invasion
Bull Market
a long period of rising stock prices
Victory Gardens
what Hoover encouraged US citizens to plant to raise their own vegetables in order to leave more for the troops
the stragegy of WEB DuBois, who believed that dematnding equal rights was the way to go
agreements between companies to maintain prices at a certain level
getting money through dishonest or questionable means
the strategy of Booker T. Washington, who believed that protest and impatience were not the ways to go
aid for the needy; welfare
Chain Stores
when a store opens in many different locations
Poison Gas
a method of warfare that caused vomiting, blindness, and suffocation
when a third party, with no personal interest in the matter at hand, steps in in order to judge a problem
executions without proper court proceedings
Fridge Car
the device invented in 1877 to help transport fresh meat
"Boss" Tweed
the corrupt leader of Tammany Hall, famous for being thrown in prison in 1874
forced military service
the idea that people who belong to a nation should have their own country and government
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
the agreement between Russia and Germany that forced Russia to lose some of its territory, but also removed Germany from the remaining Russian lands
groups of ships that were escorted across the Atlantic by warships for safety
the people who own the corporation
Political Boss
the person who ran a political machine
Alexander Graham Bell
the inventor of the telephone in 1876
Mass Production
large-scaler product manufacturing usually done by machinery
Holding Company
a form of business which does not create anything itself; instead, it owns the stock of companies that do produce goods
an attitude of aggressive nationalism
a government tax put on exports
one who organizes, manages, and assumes the risks of business or enterprise
No Man's Land
a rough, barren landscape between the opposing trenches
to take possession of a property from a mortgagor because of defaults on payments
Pure Food and Drug Act
the act that prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs
19th Amendment
the amendment passed in 1920 that stated that gained women the right to vote
the economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations
the new leader of the Bolshevik Party who was responsible for getting Russia out of the war
Operating Costs
costs that occur when running a company, such as paying wages and shipping charges

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