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Chapter 21


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Benjamin Harrison
Grover Cleveland
In 1884, this man from the Democratic party was elected President
Panama Canal
In 1902 Congress authorized president Theodore Roosevelt to accept the French company's' offer of $40 million for the Panama Canal.
literacy tests, poll taxes, and grandfather clause
These were put to use after the 15th Amendment was passed which excluded anyone whose ancestors had voted in 1860. Affected mostly African-Americans
Boxers rebellion (hello)
In 1899 the antiforeign society known as this went on a rebellion throughout China and killed many foreigners. The US gave troops.
Populist party
Sanford B. Dole
James G. Blaine.
He was the leader of the Stalwarts
Henry Cabot Lodge
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
In this court case, the justice in Louisiana required segregated railroads cars.
James A. Garfield
He was nominated as President by the Republicans along with his running mate Chester A. Arthur in (1880?)
Teller Amendment
This Amendment was drafter by Henry M. Teller which declared that the US had no desire for control in Cuba & pledged the US would leave the island alone.
The queen of Hawaii in 1887 who disliked Americans.
Greenback party
This party formed in the 1870s whose platform included various measures like expanding money supply to benefit farmers in the W and S. In 1878 Greenback candidates got more than 1 million votes and 14 seats in Congress. The party faded in 1878
Rutherford B. Hayes
Bunau-Varilla Treaty
This treaty between US and Bunau-Varilla of Pana granted the US a 10 mile strip of land across Panama for $10 million and an annual payment of $250,000.
James G. Blaine
In 1884 he was nominated for president by the Republicans. In his 1876 senatorial campaign, his opponents published incriminating letters in which he appeared to offer political favors to a railroad company in exchange of stock.
The Pendleton Civil Service Act
In 1883 Congress passed this Act which set up a civil-service commission to prepare competitive examinations and establish standards of merit for a variety of fed jobs. It also forbade political candidates from soliciting contributions from govn't workers.
15th Amendment
In 1870 this Amendment was passed which guaranteed all male citizens the right to vote
Emilio Aguinaldo
In 1896 he organized a Filipino independence movement to drive Spain ousts. His forces captured most of Luzon, the main island. In 1899 he ordered his troops to attack Manila
James B. Weaver
He was nominated for president by the Democrats in (1880?) along with Winfield Scott Hancock
Stalwarts and the Half-breeds
In the 1870s the Republican party slip into these two. They differed with little except who would control the party machinery and have the right to distribute jobs.
Coinage Act of 1873
With this act, Congress Congress instructed the US mint to cease making silver coins.
McKinley Tariff
This tariff eliminated the duty-free status enjoyed by Hawaiian sugar
National Civil Service Reform League
In 1881, advocates of professionalism including Carl Schurz, E.L Godkin and Josephine Shaw Lowell, gave speeches, wrote editorials and founded this
Alfred T. Mahan
He wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History (1890) which equated sea power with national greatness and urged a US naval. They wanted foreign territories for harbors.
Civil Rights Cases (1883)
Court declared the Civil Rights Act of 1875 in this case, which outlawed discrimination on juries and public places, unconstitutional.
Open Door Policy
In 1899 John Hay spoke of asking China to open the ports to all nations and not grant special privileges to the traders.
• William Randolph Hearts' Journal and Joseph Pulitzer's World
These newspaper made bold headlines about the war

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