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claerbout biology winter final

this is almost every question on tests from lessons 1 to 11


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a phosphate group is removed
When is energy released from ATP?
When you cross a black and a white chicken and you get a checkered chicken, what is it called?
What are solutions that contain concentrations of H+ ions lower than pure water?
to magnify at the highest power
What is the high power objective on a microscope used for?
What is the thick fluid within the inner membrane of a chloroplast?
How many codons are needed to specify three amino acids? [not counting start and stop]
Which organelle is the "powerhouse" of the cell?
In using a microscope, you should always begin with using which objective?
polygenic inheritance
What is variation in human skin color a result of?
Which structure carries out cell movement?
Is a monosaccharide a lipid, a carbohydrate, a protein, or a nucleic acid?
low power objective
What is the coarse adjustment on a microscope used for?
Are plants and animals prokaryotes? [yes or no]
to support and protect the cell
What is the main function of the cell wall?
What type of ion forms when an atom gains electrons?
Which stem color in Wisconsin Fast plants is dominant?
Who was the person who identified and named cells?
What are offspring taht result from crosses between true breeding parents with different traits called?
What is the energy of the electrons passing along the electron transport chain used to make?
What is the name for a stack of thylakoids?
CO2 + H2O
Identify the reactants in the chemical reaction, CO2 + H2O = H2CO3
In what process does the cell use information from mRNA to produce proteins?
A logical explanation based on prior knowledge is a what?
a single variable
A controlled experiment allows the scientist to isolate and test what?
rate of division
Cancer is a disease in which some cells lose the ability to control what?
What do prokaryotes lack?
Unlike the members of domains Bacteria and Archaea, the members of the domain Eukarya have what?
The cell membrane contains channels and pumps that help move materials from one side to the other. What are these channels and pumps made of? [hint: amino acids. and thats not the answer]
all objectives
When is the fine adjustment on a microscope used?
What is produced in transcription?
thylakoid membranes
Where do the light reactions take place?
malignant tumor
What is the name for a mass of *deadly* cancer cells?
Organisms that have two identical alleles for a particular trait are said to be what?
Does a punnett square show the actual result of a genetic cross? [yes or no]
What dissacharide does milk contain?
to adjust light
What is the diaphragm on a microscope used for?
Unlike DNA, RNA contains what? [hint: A-T, G-C]
What is the diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane called?
anaphase 1
During meiosis, when do homologous chromosomes separate?[to indicate wether its 1 or 2 write I or II, respecitvely]
sharing an electron pair
What is a covalent bond formed as the result of?
What is the type of data that is written in numbers?
activation energy
What is the term used to describe energy needed to get a reaction started?
active transport
Which means of particle transport requires input of energy from the cell?
10 hours
If the cell cycle in whitefish embryos take 40 hours and 25% of the cells that you see are in prophase, how long is prophase in whitefish?
Is lactose a disaccharide or a monossacharide?
Cellular respiration uses oxygen to convert the chemical energy stored in molecules into what?
The cells in which organ have the longest cell cycle?
a product
When hydrogen and oxygen combine to form water, what is water?
During which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes line up along the middle of the dividing cell?
Bb and bb
If a pair of mice bred many times and half of their babies are black and half are white, what are the most likely genotypes of the parents? Bb and bb or Bb and Bb?
Krebs cycle
In the presence of oxygen, what is glycolosis followed by?
Organisms that have 2 identical alleles for a particular trait are said to be what?
6O2 + C6H12O6 = 6CO2 + CH20 + 38 ATP
What is the BALANCED equation for cellular respiration?
When water molecules are polar, is the oxygen slightly negative and the hydrogen slightly positive? [yes or no]
haploid cells
unlike mitosis, meiosis results in the formation of what, diploid cells or haploid cells?
high; low
Diffusion is the movement of molecules from an area of what concentration to what concentration? [separate answers with a semi colon]
Are the physical and chemical properties of a compound usually the same or different from the elements from which it was formed?
75% purple and 25% green
Your wisconsin fast plant is heterozygous for stem color. What stem color do you predict for their offspring? 75% green and 25% purple or 75% purple and 25% green?
Unlike mitosis, meiosis usualy results in the formation of how many geneticaly different cells?
Which organelle contains digestive enzymes to break down bacteria and worn-out organelles?
alcohol fermentation
What process is used to make bread rise?
Where in the chloroplast is the chlorphyll found?
Plants take in energy by absorbing what?
fine adjustment
Which adjustment on a microscope can be used on any objective?
Which organelle makes proteins using coded instructions that come from the nucleus?
What are organisms [like plants] that make their own food called?
What is the complimentary strand on DNA to CTAGGT?
How many times can light microscopes magnify things?
In the P generation, a true breeding tall plant [dominant] is crossed with a true breeding short plant [recessive]. What is the probability that an *F2* plant will be tall?
If atom X had 17 protons and 18 neutrons, its mass number would be what?
Where does glycolosis take place?
What does photosynthesis use to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and sugars?
During what process is DNA copied?
discovery science
Jane Goodall's research on chimpanzees in the wild is an example of what?
independent variable
What is the name of the variable that is deliberately changed by the experimenter?
to look and magnify the specimen
What is the eyepiece on a microscope used for?
S phase of interphase
Whenduring the cell cycle is a cell's DNA replicated?
Would more or less sugars be produced if CO2 is removed from a plants environment?
In DNA replication, how many strands are made?
over your eyes
When experimenting in the lab, goggles must be where?
What is a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction?
anaphase II
When do sister chromatids separate in meiosis? [to indicate wether its 1 or 2 write I or II, respecitvely]
move across the membrane in both directions
When the concentration of molecules on both sides of a membrane is the same, what will happen to the molecules? [move across the membrane in both directions or stop moving across the membrane]
Why does ice float on water?
an allele for tallness from the tall parent and an allele for shortness from the short parent
When Gregor Mendel crossed a true-breeding tall plant with a true-breeding short plant, the F1 plants inherited what? an allele for tallness from the tall parent and an allele for shortness from the short parent or an allele for shortness from each parent?
Thinking that someone is at the door when you hear the doorbell ring is an example of what?
glucose and oxygen
What are the names of the reactants for cellular respiration?
You say that you think that dry ice will sublime faster in cold water than hot water. What is this statement?
What sugar does RNA contain?
Which organelle would you expect to find in plant cells but not animal cells?
If an atom contains 11 protons and 12 neutrons, its atomic number is what?
What type of electrons is available to form bonds?
What is the short term storage form of sugar in the muscles of animals?
Protists, bacteria, animals, and plants
What are the four kingdoms of Eukarya?
get bigger
What will happen to an animal cell if it is surrounded in distilled water? [get bigger or smaller]
Two mice with white fur are bred. What percent of them will have white fur? [based on the mouse genetics gizmo]
What is the type of data that is written in words?
What is required in cellular respiration that makes it be called aerobic?
What is the substrate for lactase?
glycolosis, krebs cycle, electron transport chain
What is the sequence of events in cellular respiration? [hint: there are 3 and they are separated by commas]
What is the reaction that adds a monomer to a chain?
lactic acid fermentation
What type of fermentation causes muscle soreness and fatigue?
What did Griffith observe when he injected a mixture of heat-killed, disease causing bacteria and live harmless bacteria into mice? Live or Died?

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