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Mrs. Castle's Midterm Review

Terms

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Judaism
religion of the Hebrews
Diaspora
spreading of the Jews throughout Europe
export
goods sold to another country
papyrus
paper like material made from reeds
Talmud
set of lessons for everyday life that was written between AD 200-600
Hammurabi's Code
set of 282 lwas for daily life of the Babylonians
Ten Commandments
code of moral laws given to Moses by God
urban
city
neolithic era
later stone age
pyramids
huge four sided tombs that meet in a point at the top
monarch
ruler of a kingdom or empire
silt
mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
ancestor
a relative who lived in the past
polytheism
belief in more than one God
sanskrit
important language of ancient India
mesolithic era
middle stone age
afterlife
life after death
hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system
Buddhism
religion based on the teachings of Buddha
peasants
farmers who worked on small farms
paleolithic era
early stone age
subcontinent
large landmass smaller than a continent
Legalism
belief that people are born bad and must be controlled
Confucianism
the ideas of Confucius
Daoism
religion that stresses harmony with nature
Sphinxes
half man / half beast temple guard
scribe
a person hired to write
Nirvana
state of perfect peace
prehistory
history before writing existed
pharaoh
ruler of Egypt
Passover
time for Jews to remember the Exodus
caste system
divided groups based on a person's wealth, birth or occupation
Silk Road
trade route that connected China with western Asia
primary source
an account of an event written by someone who was actually there
New Kingdom
Period when Egypt reached its height of power and glory
geography
the study of the earth and its physical features
Old Kingdom
early period in Egyptian history (2700-2200 BC)
Karma
the effects that good or bad actions have on a person's soul
hominid
an early ancestor of humans
history
the study of the past
cuneiform
world's first system of writing created by the Sumerians
import
good bought from another country
ziggurat
pyramid shaped temple tower
Dead Sea Scrolls
writings by Jews who lived about 2000 years ago
nonviolence
avoidance of violent actions
trade network
regions that trade together
rural
countryside
Fertile crescent
large arc of rich farmland located in western Asia
Rabbi
Jewish religious teacher
Torah
the most sacred text of Judaism
lords
people of high rank in ancient Chinese society
Monotheism
belief in only one God
Hinduism
largest religion in India today
Middle Kingdom
Egyptian period lasting until 1750 BC

Deck Info

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