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World Religions Unit 2 Lessons 1-10

Jainism.

Terms

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Digambara
"sky clad" Jain monks that wear nothing, symbolizing innocence and non-attachment. Women are not able to attain liberation, they cannot be naked, they cannot be such skillful debaters as men, they can be liberated only if they are reborn into a man's body.
nirvana
liberation
Bhikkhuni
a Buddhist nun
samsara
the wheel of birth and rebirth
Tirthankaras
"fordmakers" of the current cosmic cycle. In Jainism, the universe is without beginning or end but passes through cycles of progress and decline.
BUDDHISM
DEFINITIONS
aparigraha
non-attachment
ahimsa
non-violence
Mahavira
Jainism's major teacher. He was a contemporary of the Buddha and died in 527 BC. Like Buddha, he was a prince of the kshatriya clan and renounced his position and his wealth at the age of 30 to wander as a spiritual seeker. After 12 years of meditation, silence, and extreme fasting, he achieved liberation and perfection. For 30 years in until his death at Pava, he spread his teachings.
Jina
one who has brought forth the highest in his or her being. A winner over the passions.
muni
a jain monk.
Bhikkhu
a Buddhist monk
anaitya
impermanence
Kevala
The highest state of perfection of the soul
Aparigraha
he Jain principle of non-attachment
Svetambara
"white clad" Jain monks that feel that wearing a piece of white cloth will not prevent them from attaining liberation. Believe that women are capable of the same spiritual achievements as men.
kshatriya
one of the four vanas in India. Consists of nobility and warriors
anekantwad
non-absolutism
jiva
the individual's higher consciousness, or soul.
sannyasins
is the renounced order of life within Hinduism. It is considered the topmost and final stage of the varna and ashram systems and is traditionally taken by men at or beyond the age of fifty years old or by young monks who wish to dedicate their entire life towards spiritual pursuits. One within the sannyasa order is known as a sannyasi or sannyasin.
dukha
suffering or frustration

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