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Geography Test


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poltical:dividing areas by government
*aka nations over 190 nations in world *four largest- Russia, Canada, China , USA *Vatican City is smallest
Cultural- dividing areas according to cultural divisions
*language is most common trait used *religon and ethnicity *ex. Islamic Nation,Anglo-American, Latin America
Economic-divided by econo,ic ability
Two classes: 1. developing nations:usually poorer nations 2.developed nations: examples include most wealthy nations
Physical Region
land areas grouped according to common land forms
*cold winters/mild summers *largest pop. density *rolling hills, Appalachian Mts., dense forest * manufacturing and trade
*hot summers/ mild winters/ hurrican prone *large populaton: second fastest growing region Appalachian Mts., Costal Plains, largest swamps(everglades) *agricultural: peanuts, cotton, fruit * manufacturing: 90% of the US textile industry, tourism
* hot summers/ mild winters *dry except in costal areas * renching, oil, agriculture, industry
*cold winters/ hot summers/ tornado prone Interior Plains Dominate 1. central plains (east of mississippi) 2. Great Plains( west of Mississppi) * waterd by Mississippi river, its tributaries, and the Geat Lakes * agricultural(breadbasket) * trade center: rail and water system * heavy industry: cars amd trucks
West: Mountain States
highland, mild summers/ winters * Rocky Mts./ continental divinde(watershed) * least populated b/c of difficult communication, transportation,climate * cattle/ minning
West:Pacific Coast States
*mild winters/ long summers * plateaus, Costal Rangesall border Pcific Ocean * water is most valuable resource * fishing/ tourism
Federal Government System
A government where a union of states recognizes the authority of a central government, but still retains their own powers of government.
Federal Government:Responsibilities
* national securities/ armed forces * make laws *enforce laws/ courts * uphold constitution * collect taxes
State Government: Responsibilities
* make laws * enforce laws/ courts * elect national/ state officals * collect taxes/ hire workers
Local Government:Responsibilities
* health and safety: clean water,sewer, garbage collection, fire and police protection * welfare functiond: education, libraries, parks, buses * housekeeping; offical records, births, deaths, marriages, property 8 collect taxes/ run elections
constitutional democracy
A kind of democracy in which the goals of the governmant and the ways it will work to achieve them are stated in the consitution
representitive democracy
A governing system in which citizens elect people to make laws and decisions for them
federal government
The centeral authority in a federation of states
The group of department heads who advise a nations chief executive
political party
A group of people involved in government who try to get others to agree with their ideas and who choose leaders who share the groups point of view.
Commmon Good
Helpful for all citizens as a group.
A shortage.
What are the branches of government?
executive, juducial and legistlative
Why is the US an example of constitutional government?
We have a constitution and citizens take part in the government.
Why do americans show civic responsibility?
We obey laws, pay taxes, vote, and help out in the community.
What are factors that help make an economy succesful?
A country's people, natural resources, and economie system's.
What are the top trading partners to the US?
Canada, Mexico, and China
Why is freedom and important part of the government snd economic system of the US?
It protects the country's citizens and buisnesses.
Freedom of speach and the right to fair treatment are two rights gurenteed by two things. What are they?
The constitutuion and Bill of Rights.
What is a trade deficit?
When trades are at a shortage.
Why is the US a representitive democracy?
Citizens elect people to make laws for them.
Why is it important that we ahve voluntary civic participation?
It helps other people that wish to serve in the local, state or federal, government.
What is a trade off?
The thing that you give up to get another.
What does the executive branch do?
leads country's military, approves or vetoes laws, appoints supreme court justices and ambassadors, enforces laws
What does the judicial branch do?
Creates federal courts, decides if the actions of the executive branch are constitutional, decide if laws are constitutional, amends the constitution.
What does the legislative branch do?
writes and passes laws, declares war on other countries, recommends laws, approves appointment of supreme court justices and ambassadors
What are the 48 states also called?
The cotiguous United States.

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