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Western Studies 5th FRA

Terms

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Tenochtitlan
Aztec metropolis covering more then five square miles near morden Mexico City; its name means "stone rising in water"
Tikal
the largest Mayan city in the northern part of Guatemala
Mestizos
people of mixed Spanish and Native American descent
hacienda
a plantation owned by Spaniards or the Catholic Church
quipus
Incan government officals and traders recorded information on knotted strings
criollo
had spanish parents but had been born in Latin America
treaty
an agreement in writing made between 2 or more countries
Line of Demarcation
an imaginary line from the North Pole to the South Pole at about 50 longitude
hieroglyphics
the Mayas developed a system of using signs and symbols
Cuzco
Inca's capital; the center of government, trade, and religon
maize
corn
revolution
a political movement in which the people overthrow the government and set up another
aqueduct
a pipe or channel designed to carry water from a distant source
Christopher Columbus
traveled around the world the world and knew to was round
Francsco Pizarro
he was a spanish conquistador and conquered most of the Incan empire
Copan
a ruined ancient Mayan city in western Honduras
caudillos
retired millitary offices that rule with an iron fist
Malinche
the daughter of Hernan Cortes who spoke a lot of languages
Hernan Cortes
the spanish soldier who conquered the Aztecs
Treaty of Tordesillas
the 1494 treaty setting up the Line of Demarcation with Spain and Portugal
Moctezuma
the Aztec leader
conquistador
conquerors working for the Spanish government who where in charge of gaining wealth and land in the Americas
encomiendas
rights to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans
Pachacuti
the ruler of the Incas his name means "he who skakes the earth"
Topa Inca
he was Pachacuti's son and expanded the empire
Valley of Mexico
the area in Mexico where Lake Texcoco,Tenochtitlan, and modern Mexico City are located

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