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history vocab

Terms

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Korean War
a conflict between N&S Korea; from 50 to 53, in whch the US, along with UN countries, fought on the side of the Southern Koreans and China fought on the side of the North{controversy over Communism [N] and Democracy [S]}
Alger Hiss
accused by Whittader Chamber of spying for SAu on US at Yalta Congerence, put in jail for lying under oath
Mao Zedong
Communistic CHinese leader, supported by SU, overthrows Chaing
CIA
a US agency created to gather secret information about forgein government(formed after WWII, replaces USSS)
Chiang Kai-sheck
the leasder of Chinese nationalist gov. supported by US. Later becomes head of Taiwan
NATO
a defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by 10 Western European countries, hte US, and Canada {1st US non-wartime alliance; 1st US head was Eisenhower}
Hollywood 10
ten witnesses from the film industry who refused to cooperate with the HUAC's investigation of Communist influence in Hollywood. (got blacklisted)
H-bomb
a thermonuclear weapon much mroe pwerful than the atomic bomb
Warsaw Pact
a military alliance formed in 1955 by the SOviet Union and its Eastern Euorpean Alliances(response to NATO)
Joseph McCarthy
Commie hunter, Wisconson Senator with dream of presidency
U-2 incident
the downing of a US spy plance and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union in 1960
Taiwan
once overthrown, Chiang and remnants flee to here nad Chaing becomes leader
Ethel and Julia Rosenberg
minor activists in American Communist Party, Manhatten Prodject Scientist who was alleged of giving nuclear bomb secrets to SU
blacklist
a list of 500 actors, writers; producers; and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood flims b/c of the alleged Communist connections
brinkermanship
the practice of threatening an emeny with massice military retaliation for any aggression
HUAC
a congressional Committee that investigated Commmunist influence inside and outside the US gov. after WWII
John Foster Dulles
Eisenhower's sec of state, extreme anti-Comie; his idea of brinkmanship
Eisenhower
Pres. of US during H-bomb and arms race w/ SU
Truman Doctrine
a US policy, of providing economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents.
McCarthyism
the attacks, often unsubstantiated, by Senator Joseph McCarthy and others on ppl suspected of being Communists in teh early 50s
containment
the blocking of another nation's attempts to spread its influence-especially the efforts of the US to block the spread of Soviet influence during the late 40s and early 50s. {key of 40-80 forgein policy}
Berlin airlift
a 327-day operatoin in which US and British planes flew food and suppliesinto West Berlin after the Societs blockaded the city in 1948.
cold war
the state of hostility, without direect military conflict, that develped between the US and SU after WWII
satellite nation
a country that is dominated politically and economically by another nation.
Frances Gary Powers
U-2 spy plane piolet, shot down by Soviets; this incident prevents peace talks
UN
an international peacekeeping organization to which most nations in the world belong, founded in 1945 to promote world peace, securit, and economic development
38th Parallel
lattitude line separating North and South Korea
Eisenhower Doctrine
a US commmitiment to defencd the Middle East against attack by any communist Country, announced by Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
iron curtain
a phrase used by CHurchilll in 1946 to descrive an imaginary line that separated Communist Countries on the Soviet bloc of Eastern Europe from countries in Western Europe.
Marshall Plan
the program, proposed by Sec of State George Marshall in 1947, under which the US supplied economic aid to European nations to help them rebuild aftere WWII
Nikita Khrushchev
ruler of SU after Stalin's death in 1935, thought Communism could peacefully take over the world

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