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Final Term List

US History--Irving
Final Term List S2

Terms

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New Frontier/Great Society
FDR influence. Government should address social needs as their duty. Eliminate poverty and racial injustice.Kennedy: New Frontier. Johnson: Great Society
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or nation origin. Did no address voting. Fuller realization of 14th Amendment
Korean War/Vietnam War/ Congress
Both undeclared wars.
Eisenhower Prosidency
'52-'60
Major Issues during Carter's presidency
Inflation; Salt Negotiation; Human rights; Iranian hostages
Containment
Main component of foreign policy during the post WWII era. Keep communism from spreading outside of where is already is
Muckraker
One who investigates and exposes issues of corruption
Causes of Discomfort among youth during the 60s
Nationalism; what did Johnson address, and where were they mad?
Progressives
Kept pushing things forward. Believed the government was an agent for change and improvement of the lives of the US. Middle Class movement as opposed to the Populust agrarian farmers.
Iran Hostage Situation
1979. Iran students held 63 diplomats and three citizens hostage for 444 days under presidency of Carter
Vietname/Guerilla Warfare
blurred line between military and civilians; made surprise attacks on US frequent; Viet Cong took toll on our military
Monroe Doctrine
justified American intervention in foreign territory
Protests of Vietnam
Draft Resistence, Violence in colleges, student activists
Gerald ford's liability in the '76 election
Pardonned Nixon and his approval rating TANKED
Conservative momvement by '80 supporters
Wanted to go back to the good old days. Too much government
Impact of WWII on American Society
Newfound optimism; romens role during wartimes helped their push for equality; semi-integrated military promoted civil rights movement; put the brakes on the Great Depression
Watergate Affait/Deception
Concept of democracy; hijack of election; shook US confidence in government
US during Vietnam
LDB presided over the US with his Great Society and new government programs which were severly financially undercut. His role in the war was often criticized as he stepped up the US involvement in Vietnam. This disabled him from running for reelection
Warren Court's decisions in the 1960s
More rights for suspects. Full extension of protection through the Bill of Rights
Social Darwnism
WASP dominate. All others are lesser; Superior should rule.
Carter/Camp David Accords
1978 Israeli-Egyptian peace agreement. Height of success for US foreign policy. Height of Carter's presidency
Reagan's political objectives as president
Believed in a balanced budged; increase in military spending; cut aid to impoverished society. Big conservative
Nixon/Soviet Union and China
Attempted to play both sides against one another
The Gulf of Tonkin
1964. Pair of attacks by naval forces of North Vietnam against two US destroyers. Stepped up US involvement. Gave more power to US president
Causes of WWII
Alliances; nationalism; militarism; building of arms;
Nixon's "Vietnamization"
Encouraged South Vietnamese to take more responsibility for war; enabled US to slowly withdraw all troops
Civil Rights during the 60s
Catalyst for activists groups; picketing; sit-ins
The Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, (US)
Carter/Human Rights
Would restrict financial aid to countries who had human rights he disagreed with.
Counter-Culture of the 60s
Anti-War Movement; Hippies; San Francisco; LOOSENING OF TRADITIONAL VALUES/RULES
Port Huron Statement
Student activist movement who condemned racism, poverty, and cold war. Wanted to restrict power to corporations, military, and politicians
Nixon's policies of invading Cambodia and Vietnamization
Nixon encouraged South Vietnam to take control. This did not eliminate the Viet Cong
Iron Curtain
Churchill's term for separation between communism and capitalism in Europe
Acquisition of colonies after the Spanish-American War/Controversy
Heavily debated. What should be done with new countries? Should the US be imperialistic or give them self-determination and US values?
Causes of the Great Depression
Stock market crash; consumer debt and spending
US at end of WWII
Big commie scare. US was most affluent and lest war ravaged
The Central Powers
Germany, A-H, the Ottoman Empire
Truman Doctrine
It stated that the US would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent theri falling into the Soviet's control; disallow outside influence
Pentagon Papers
President tried to prevent the Times from publishing articles about his conduct of the Vietnam War. Congress ruled the President would be in violation of the 1st Amendment
Watergate Break-In
1972. Nixon's team tried to plant bugs in opponent's quarters, Nixon recorder conversation confirming his knowledge of this; then tampered with evidence during trial; ONLY PRESIDENT TO RESEIGN
Tet Offensive
South Vietnamese went into North Vietnam and took over a US embassy. Turning point of Vietnam. Was seemingly in US control until this point... shook US confidence in military
War Powers Act
Notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops; had to gain congress' approval to stay longer than 90 days; designed to curtail President's power
Domino Theory
If one more country falls to communism, the rest will fall.
Depression/Government
Increase in role of government programs, some of which are still around.

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