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Items from Previous Examinations


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1. Individuals with Moderate Mental Retardation:
a. constitute 2-3% of the mentally retarded population
b. can be trained to perform unskilled work under close supervision
c. usually acquire academic skills up to approximately 8th grade le
1. B
2. People who have work related accidents tend to:
a. feel more dissatisfied with their work than accident-free workers
b. be less likely to have had job promotions than accident-free workers
c. have had more recent life stress than accide
2. C
3. Experimental studies of the relation between level of motivation and level of performance have shown:
a. the higher the intensity or degree of motivation, the better the level of performance
b. for a given task, there is an optimal level of
3. B
4. Items for a machinist proficiency test have been based on a job analysis of machinists in 50 plants, each employing five or more machinists doing comparable work. Such a procedure would contribute directly to the test's:
a. concurrent validity
4. D
A mother complains that her 14-year old daughter, "lives like a pig. She is so sloppy and dirty." She adds, "The more I yell at her, the worse she gets." In operant conditioning terms, the yelling can best be described as:
a. pos
5. A
6. While the nature and extent of measured intellectaul decline during aging is not well established, a consistent finding is a/an:
a. increase in problem solving ability
b. increase in word fluency
c. decrease in vocabulary
d. increa
6. D
7. Which of the following is the strongest evidence of a patient's addiction to a substance?
a. physiological tolerance and withdrawal
b. a positive urine test for the substance
c. serious occupational impairment
d. denial of any invo
7. A
8. A psychologist is appointed by the court to examine a defendant. The psychologist should:
a. begin the evaluation by informing the defendant that anything discussed me be talked about in open court.
b. begin the evaluation by asking the defe
8. A
9. If the objectives of psychological research conducted in a laboratory dictate that certain information be withheld from the participant, consent by the participant:
a. may be waived provided written consent is obtained from a member of the partic
9. C
10. Which of the following is the most common neuropsychological complication of AIDS?
a. impaired attention and speed of information processing
b. impaired cognitive flexibility
c. dementia
d. impaired visuospatial constructions
10. C
11. From a Jungian standpoint, which of the following phenomena is taking place when contents of either the personal or collective unconscious are projected onto the analyst?
a. transference
b. anima-animus conflict
c. fantasy
d. exch
11. A
12. The function of the correction for attentuation is to:
a. provide an estimate of the predictive validity of a test that is independent of chance factors in any specific validation sample.
b. show how adding or subtracting items affects the
12. C
13. A research study is carried out to investigate the effects of 4 different psychological treatments designed to reduce test anxiety in college students. A significant treatment effect is noted, along with one significant 2nd order interaction effect.
13. B
14. Which of the following statements best paraphrases Thorndike's Law of Effect?
a. all behavior is caused; everything that is done has an effect on behavior
b. Elimination of the UCS or the reward results in a decreased frequency of behavior.
14. D
15. In taking a personality inventory, some examinees can "fake good". What testing technique is probably the best correction for this response bias?
a. increasing the length of the test.
b. increasing the homogeneity of the test
15. D
16. Children typically take their first steps around the age of:
a. 6 months
b. 9 months
c. 12 months
d. 18 months
16. C
17. Exposing individuals to arguments against their views, arguments that are then strongly refuted, may serve to:
a. increase their attitudnal ambivalence
b. weaken their resistance to later persuasive appeals
c. render them indifferent t
17. D
18. Tonic-clonic seizures most frequently occur in which type of epilepsy?
a. simple partial
b. complex partial
c. grand mal
d. petit mal
18. C
19. Research on women who have had aboritions indicates that:
a. subsequent problems in sexual adjustment and in relationships with men are common
b. most women who have abortions think no more about the event than they would about having a wis
19. C
20. Studies on persuasion have shown that when the communicator is credible, the degree to which the receiver's initial position will change is:
a unrelated to the sex of the communicator
b. unrelated to the amount of discrepancy between the co
20. D
21. A 10-year-old boy, tested with a paper-and-pencil intelligence test, obtained an IQ score of 130. Two years later, he was tested with an alternate form of the same test. Most likely, the obtained score on the second testing would be:
a. more tha
21. B
22. In a large factory, one group of workers is exposed throughout the day to loud and unpredictable periods of noise, wherea another group of workers is not exposed to such noise. The specific deleterious effects of unpredictable noise could be ameliora
22. B
23. With respect to the relationship between achievements and anxiety in school children, it appears that:
a. mildly anxious children are better achievers than more anxious ones
b. non-anxious children are better achievers than mildly anxious o
23. A
24. Although concurrent individual and group therapy may be necessary for some patients, many therapists do not support it. One of the major concerns is that:
a. patients beginning with a group, finding additional sources of support, tend to termina
24. B
25. When subjected to moderate punishment, an instrumental response of moderate strength will:
a. be eliminated
b. be strengthened
c. be suppressed
d. remain unchanged
25. C
26. All of the following are uses of job analysis except:
a. matching the right person with the right job
b. setting wages and salaries
c. establishing safety standards
d. determining underutilization in workforce labor market compari
26. D
27. For all sensory systems except olfaction, the afferent sensory pathways include the:
a. cerebellum
b. thalamus
c. caudate nucleus
d. inferior colliculus
27. B
28. Carol and Jim are experiencing marital difficulties. They have two school aged children, a boy and a girl. According to meta-analysis of research on the relationship between marital discord and child behavior problems, it would be expected that:
28. C
29. Group A consists of people whose measured interests are highly similar to interests of engineers. Group B consists of people whose measured interests are highly dissimilar to those of engineers. Which of the following statements would be justified, g
29. A
30. When using factor analysis, a major concern of personality theorists has been specifying the:
a. number of dimensions necessary to describe personality
b. developmental sequences of personality dimensions
c. differential accuracy betwe
30. A

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