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Missed Practice Items


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Piaget's stages of moral development
5-10 years: heteronomous morality: rules can't be changed
11+ years: autonomous morality
Meta-analysis involves:
combining the results of studies into an effect size (no weighting!)
What is Interpersonal Therapy?
- brief therapy
- depression tx only
- focus on current relationships and conflicts
Sensory memory
eidetic memory
echoic memory
short-term memory
- stores visual (iconic) or auditory(echoic) image--holds for only a few seconds
- photographic--records for a long time
- echoic is sensory
- holds 5-9 bits of info for up to 30 seconds
Helm's racial identity model
1. contact: oh, there are blacks!
2. disintegration: i am white and this is what I know about blacks
3. reintegration: i am white and i am better than blacks
4. pseudo-independence: are blacks inferior? i'm not sure
5. immersion: i need to know who i am
6. autonomy: i am not threatened, i am multicultural
- parents' ses
- social popularity
- hobbies and interests
Competence Ethical principle
awareness of one's limitations and receiving ongoing education
don't lie or get involved in dual relationships
professional responsibility
awareness of pop needs, concern with ethical compliance, and cooperation with other professionals
restlessness and dysphoria
kappa coefficient
interrater reliability
split-1/2 reliability
internal consistency
melanie klein vs. anna freud
Klein: object relations, focus on recognizing and modifying early object-relationships
Freud: focus on integration and adaptation and what is getting in the way of these
One-way ANOVA
three-way ANOVA
repeated measures ANOVA
split plot ANOVA
1. one IV
2. three IV
3. IV are correlated
4. mixed designs
higher order conditioning example
NS + US until the NS becomes a CS, then pair the CS with a NS
ex: pair the color red with a loud noise, then pair red with a tone. Red might be paired with the noise again to maintain the response
sociocultural factors and psychopathology
neurosis among higher SES
psychosis among lower SES
schizophrenia varies by society
depressive d/o manifest differently across cultures
dementia higher among low SES
forced distribution
people are forced into a given distribution
comparative eval
evaluate performance on critical incidents
individual eval
Graphic rating scales
likert scales to rate each employee
individual eval
forced choice
choose two equally desirable choices to rate an employee
individual eval
severed corpus callosum
if you show an object in left visual field, what happens?
pick out object with left hand
cannot name it
cannot pick it up with the right hand
best predictor of job choice
predictor cutoffs
false neg | True pos
true neg | False pos
aggressive bx and presence of father
highest in homes with father present
real or imagined
tx of choice for agoraphobia
aversive conditioning
smoking and paraphilias
kohlberg's stages of moral development
preconventional: get rewards/punishment
conventional: gain approval and law/order
post-conventional: personal standards
stepwise multiple regression
to get fewer predictors, replicate the study
uses no a priori hypothesis
multiple regression
measure several IV to predict outcomes on a continuous variable
ethics: no show and owes money
talk about both issues with the cx
flashbulb memory
traumatic event
remember details vividly of the event and just before the event
long term memory storage
dream deprivation
impairment in memory formation
Quality Control Circles
improve the finished product and level of production by increasing responsibility and say
Quality of Work Life program
representatives from various areas meet to improve work life (JSSC)
alteration in consciousness
no relation to psych well being
some dissociation
tests can indicate hypnotizability
rising tenstion before theft, pleasure upon completion
usually not planned
they know the act is wrong
no anger or vengence involved
job enrichment
vertical expansion
higher level duties
increases upper level needs
increases motivation, satisfaction, performance, decreased turnover and absenteeism
job enlargement
horizontal increase
more job demands
reduces boredom
prevents dissatisfaction but doesn't increase satisfaction
body movements
primary prevention vs. secondary vs. tertiary
1-- focus on everyone
2--crisis intervention, early id and tx of a d/o, prevent chronic d/o
3--minimize impact of serious d/o
reaction formation
engage in bx that are the opposite of the unacceptable feelings
channel unacceptable impulses into desirable bx
ex: i want to eat, but i will run instead
Patterson's delinquency theory
predictable pattern:
1. poor parenting
2. academic failure and peer rejection
3. depression and seeking deviant peers
1. remote
2. working
3. implicit
4. recent
1. info stored 2+ years ago
2. aka stm; stores info for up to 30 sec
3. aka procedural memory; recollection of skills and physical operactions (e.g. riding a bike)
4. ltm, lasts about 2 weeks
associated with clozapine
drop in granulocyte count
sore throat, high fever
what do you do if a cx is interested in dating and doesn't want to end therapy?
seek consultation
normative conformity
comply with majority to be liked
informational conformity
conform with majority to perceive reality correctly
more likely with ambiguous tasks
kohut's self-psychology
deficits in emotional dev from inadequate parent-child interactions
not concerned with conflict, resistance, and transference
long term memory
unlimited info for an unlimited time
to increase reliability on a measure
increase items
subject heterogeneity
minor tranquilizers
used for high levels of stress, temporarily
orthogonal variables
not correclated
oblique variables
attachment styles: strange situation
secure: cries, happy and explores when mother returns
anxious-ambivalent: upset when mother leaves, seeks close contact and angry with mom when she returns
anxious-avoidant: no crying, do not seek closeness
CS w/o US until CR goes away
ex: Bell w/o food until the dog no longer salivates
repeated exposure to US until UR goes away
ex: food again and again until the dog is full and no longer salivates
PET scan and schizophrenia
decreased frontal lobe activity
F ratios
1=variance between is equal to variance within group=no significance
2+ = typically significant
Lower than 1 is rare
realistic job interview
give pos and neg aspects of a job to reduce overly optimistic or unrealistic expectations
increases longevity
schacter's 2-factor theory of emotion
perceive event--physical reaction--appraise the situation--experience emotion
james-lange theory of emotion
perceive event--physical reaction--interpret the physio reaction--emotional reaction
canon-bard theory of emotion
perceive event--physicological and emotional reaction at the same time
speaker impact and time passage
long time passage: go first=primacy
short time: go last=recency
vroom and yetton's normative model
5 styles of leaders
autocratic to complete participation
fiedler's contingency theory
task oriented leaders=low LPC=best at extremes
relationship leader=high LPC=best in moderate situations
rehm and depression
negative self-evals, lack of self-reinforcement, high self-punishment
multitrait-multimethod matrix
determine test's construct validity (needs both discriminant and convergent validity

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