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Semester Review Hist 1302


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Who was the first women in the president's cabinet and what was her job?
Frances Perkins; Secretary of Labor
What were the consequences of the Social Security Act of 1935?
It started the American version of the welfare state
When did the US enter WWII?
December 7, 1941- when Pearl Harbor was bombed by the Japanese
How did women serve in WWII?
Women's Army Corps, 200k joined
What president served throughout most of WWII, and why did he not see it through?
Franklin D Roosevelt; died from a massive stroke at the war's end on April 12, 1945
In World War II the US fought what group and who was it composed of?
Axis Powers; Germany, Italy Japan
Why did Roosevelt refer to WWII as the "war of smokestacks?"
Industrial production was the key to victory
How many casualties did America have in WWII?
almost 1 million
In 1950, the UN condemned what invasion and requested what in response?
The invasion of South Korea by N Korea; asked member states to contribute men and arms
The Bay of Pigs incident and the Cuban Missile Crisis occurred under what pres?
The civil rights act of 1964 made it a federal crime to discriminate in what places?
public accommodation
What was the Tet Offensive?
A major communist attack against the US and S Vietnam; it failed
What were 4 important civil rights leaders?
Malcolm X, MLK Jr., Booker T Washington, and W.E.B. DuBois
The watergate scandal occurred under what pres?
The time period after the Civil War is known as what?
the reconstruction era
Most immigrants to the US during the late 19th and 20th century came from where?
Eastern and Southern Europe
In 1884 the railroad corporations did what that increased the centralization of American life via industrialization?
Set all clocks to a standard time
In the late nineteenth century, which employed more, the railroad or the fed gv't?
Eugene V Debs created what party, and suggested that American businesses should be organized how?
Socialist Party; ownership by the gv't
A poor wheat farmer in Nebraska in the 1890's would have been in what party most likely?
Populist Party
What was the "spark" that ignited the Spanish American war?
USS Maine
What was the primary theater of operations in the Spanish-American War?
From 1899-1902, the US fought a guerrilla war against who?
Philippines; we won
What is the name of the 20th century middle class reform movement?
Who was one of the leaders in the "settlement house movement" and what was it?
Jane Addams; men and women of "goodwill" attempted to aid poor urban dwellers
What was approved in 1913 that enabled the drastic alteration of American gv't?
3/4 of the states gave the fed gv't power to tax individual incomes
What ignited WWI in 1914
Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the Austria-Hungary empire, was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip
Who was president during the WWI?
Woodrow Wilson
The US contributed how much in its participation in WWI from 1917 to 1918?
contributed significantly to allied victory
Immigration to the US was heavily restricted in what time period?
1920's to 1960's
What was the John Scopes "Monkey Trial?"
A teacher at a Tennessee public high school attempted to teach the theory of human evolution
What was Roosevelt's plan to end the Great Depression?
the New Deal

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