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Cards for History test chap 20-21


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Open Door Policy
let countries trade with China
Chinese Revolution
emperor abdicates, Sun Yat sen establishes a republic and democracy
Tz'u-his (Cixi)
emperess aunt that ruled on behalf of someone else, like a dictator
Sun Yat-sen
influenced China with Western ideas, thought that there should be a democracy, led a revolution but failed
Forming a Republic
last Qing emperor gave up power, end of dynasties China formed a republic
a person who advocates political independence for a country
Chiang Kai-shek
leader of the armies
Communist Movement
Mao's revolution against Chiang's dictatorship in China. Remember that they fought until Japan invaded. After the Japanese were driven out, the communists got most of the credit for "saving" China, so Mao's communists gained control.
Long March/Civil War
communists escaped the purge
Five Year Plans
plans of what will happen in five years, back because if there is a natural disaster, then people will starve
Great Leap Forward
put farmers in factories
Cultural Revolution
made everything that artists, etc. did had to be in favor of the communists
Mao Zedong
leader of the long march; became emperor
Korea and Manchuria
Manchuria fought over along time by Russia and Japan, had a war, and Japan got control of the railway
Russo-Japanese war
Japan invaded Russia, w/o declaring war, destroyed Russia's fleet, President Roosevelt to help
Treaty of Portsmouth
Russia got all these countries, and Japan was recongized as a dominant country and got the Manchuria railway
Moderization Problems
went from agricultural to industry, grow of population and food supply
had to grow factories and resources because of the emperor
military emperor during WWII,
Kellogg-Briand Pact
made war illegal
Manchuria and Mukden
Japan needed an excuse to invade, so they bombed the railway near Mukden, blamed it on the Chinese and had a reason to go into there, and actually took over
Ocsachi Hamaguchi
Prime minister of Japan shot; infrastructure thought that they should get resources peacefully and the military shot them
Mussolini was a fascist and his nation invaded Europe
Hailie Selassie
incharge of Ethiopia until Italy invaded and went to the League of Nations, but they did nothing
Italy's economy was doing badly, so he invaded Ethiopia
Spanish Civil War and German, Italian Involvement
Guernica being bombed, Franco and Fascist party went against socialist government to try to put themselves in power, Hitler plus Italy got involved because Hitler wanted to test out weapons, Italy want Guernica to be bombed.
Falange Party
Frano's fascist party
city that was totaly bombed by Germany, Picasso made a painting about it
International Bridgades
the European countries that helped the Loyaltists out
Pablo Picasso
made a painting about the struggles in Guernica
Nazi party in Austria, Hitler wanted them in the cabinet, chancellor said no, hitler used force, chancellor resigned, Austria became part of the third Reich
took over them after Sudetenland, defenseless without them
Germans lived there wanted to be connected with Germany, Czech said no, Nazi groups formed Hitler took it over
when a country trys to keep the peace by agreeing with the aggressor
Munich Confrence
accepted terms that Sudetenland was part of Germany, France and Britian scared and werent prepared for war
Neville Chamberlain
Britian prime minister, wanted to appese hitler rather than go to war with him
Edouard Daladier
French Premier, wanted to appese hitler rather than go to war with him
airforce attacked Poland, began the war
first port and city Germany captured in Poland
Non aggression pact
signed by Hitler and Stalin, said that they would not go to war with each other, Stalin did this to gain time and Hitler did this to get Soviet Union out of way, didnt mean it
were to help France and Britian in the war
Phony War
the attitude of the war in Europe
so fast that they didnt think it was a war
Hitler allowed the people in Britian to evacuate, bad idea on Hitler's part because it gave them hope that they were going to survive
Magniot Line
bad attempt to keep Germany out
Fall of France
Germany took over France
Vichy France
the German goverment in France
Phillipe Petain
leader of Vichy France
Resistance Movement
the movement in Southern France to free France
Charles de Gaulle
the leader of the Resistance movement
Battle of Britian
Germany bombed Britian, Britian used radar to find the German ships
Germany airforce
Winston Churchill
British Prime minister, said that the british were going to win
the British air force
U.S involvement
U.S had isolationists that wanted to stay out of the war until Pearl Harbor happened and then we had to get into the war
Neutrality Act
said that U.S was neurtral and we couldnt send war equipment to warring nations
the idea that the U.S should stay out of the worlds affairs
Herbert Hoover
isolationist, in speech said we should stay out because, soliders and civilians were going to be killed, said that Britian wasnt going to win and we werent going to win if we intervene, and that at the end, we will be in better shape to help Britian out
Atlantic Charter
agreement that we would cooperate during the war with our allies
Charles Lindenburg
isolationist, said that we wont win anyway
a major death concentration camp
when one race tries to kill another race
Resisting the Holocaust
some Jews resisted by going into hiding
Anne Frank
her and her family went into hiding for two years and was eventually discoved
Important Offences
26 rep. went to D.C and promised to use all resources to defeat the axis and to follow the atlantic charter
Battle of Stalingrad
fight between the Soviets and Germans, Germans surrendered
Dwight D. Eisenhower
general for the U.S, put troops in North Africa
War at Sea and Air
the battle of Midway, America and Britain had attacks against Germany Allies bombed almost every German city, and gained strength in Atlantic. German submarines sunk many Allied ships, destroyers and armed ships led troops and supply ships from U.S
Battle of Midway
went to Guadalcanal and Japan lost
Island Hopping
where you bomb some cities and capture the rest
Victory in Europe
V-E day
forces landed of Normandy's coast drove Germany back
Victory of Japan
V-J day
Yalta and Potsdam
Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met in Yalta, talked about how they were going to divide Germany up, Harry Truman, Clemett Attlee met and planned an unconditional surrender of Japan
V-J Day
Japan unconditionaly surrendered because America used two atomic bombs that killed about 10 million people
Bataan Death March
forced prisoners to walk up 55 miles and then killed them

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