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AP English Midterm Literary Terms/Poetic Devices/Literary Devices


undefined, object
copy deck
Pause in the middle of line which seperates the two parts of the line.

ex. "Deeds of renown that were done by the heroes"

-Old English
Hyphenated expression that makes metaphors

"swan-road" for the sea

Old English

Exhibit A-Saxon's qualities of somber imagery, love of glory, enthusiam for battle and sea.
Iambic Pentameter
Metric Foot:Unstressed-Stressed
Number of Metric Feet: 5
Shakespeare wrote a lot in I.P.
Middle English (replaced alliteration and caesura)
Crude story whose plot involves one or more attemps to cheat another

The Miller's Tale
The Legend
Although heroines are not strictly saits, their behavior is incredibly and consistently saintly.

The Physician's Tale
The Exemplum
Story with intention of teaching 'by example' a truth or moral lesson.

Canterbury Tales...?
Mock Epic
Devices used in the tale of serious 'epic proportion', yet deals with trivial subjects.

The Nun's Priest Tale"
The Fable
Type of exemplum that uses animals to stereotype humans.

"The Nun's Priest Tale"
Hegelian Dialect
the principle established by the idealist German philosopher Georg Hegel stating that one concept (thesis) inevitably generates its opposite (antithesis); their interaction leads to a new concept (synthesis). Truth is reached by a continuing dialectic.

Thesis ->The Knights Tale
Synthesis ->The Miller's Tale
Antithesis ->?
Chivalric Romance
Adventures or tests through which a knight seeks to win the love of his lady.

The Knight's Tale
subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression.

Andrew Marvell "To His Coy Mistress"
A long narrative poem where the hero is a figure of heroic stature of nation/international importance & legendary impaortance. Has deeds of great valor and supernatural forces.

Dramatic Monologue
A lyric poem in which the speaker tells an audience about a dramatic moment of his/her life, and by doing so reveals his/her character

ex) Prufrock
A poem of lament, meditating on the death of an individual.

The Wanderer/The Seafarer
Poetic Device where an extended metaphor comparing two unlike objects with powerful effect.

Donne's A Valediction Forbidding Mourning.
Figure of Speech where objects & animals have human qualities.
An address to a person or personified object not present.
The substitiution of a word which relates to the object or person to be named, in place of the name itself.

"The serpent that did sting thy father's life Now wears his crown"
A figure of speech in which a part represents the whole object or idea.

"Not a hair perished [person]"
The Tempest
gross exaggeration for effect; overstatement.

"Love you ten years before the Flood, And you should, if you please, refuse Till the conversion of the Jews."

Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress
Verbal Irony
meaning one thing and saying another
Dramatic Irony
Two levels of mening, what the speaker says and what he/she means AND what speaker says and what author means.
the use of words to represent things, actions, or ideas by sensory description.
a statement which appears self-contradictory, but underlines a basis of truth.
a reference to an outside fact, event, or other source.

Prufrock-> Hamlet
The Great Chain of Being
The Universe (the macrocosm) and the individual (microcosm) is a series of inter-relationships.

Ripple Effect from the macrocosm to the microcosm

"The Green World"
A place where the characters of the story go to solve problems

Forest in AYLI
Island in Tempest
Epic Hero (5 traits)
1)Descendent of nobility
2)almost superhuman strength
3)successful as a warrior
4)fearless of death
5)establishes order out of chaos
A form of dramatic entertainment in 16th and 17th centuries; consisting of dancing and acting performed by masked players.

The Tempest
An actor's remark addressed to the audience rather than the other characters.


Claudius aside "it is the poisoned cup, it is too late"
The moral, psychological and intellectual development of a character.

The Tempest
Horatian Satire
Aims to correct by gentle and broadly sympathetic laughter.

Canterbury Tales
Juvenalian Satire
Bitter; points to corruption/evil of men

Canterbury Tales
Situational Irony
When the reality of a situation differs from the anticipated. When something unexpected happens.
A philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts.

Ros and Guil
Noble Savage
A significant role in the story who presents important ideas and conflicts but is presented as a savage.

Caliban- The Tempest
Figure of speech that consists of saying less than one means.
Tragic Hero
-Highly respected public position
-Grand, Noble Characters
-Their psych, intel., emot. health reflects health of society
-Tragedy results from a fall from glory

A short quote or saying introducing a book or chapter

Deus ex Machina
Out of the Machine

An unexpected event saving a seemingly hopeless situation.
Stream of Consciousness
Reveals the characters feelings, thoughts, and actions, often following an associative rather than logical sequence
An acto of speaking one's thoughts aloud when alone
play on words based on the similarity of sound b/w 2 words w/ different meanings
Comedy (Shakesperean)
-victory of young lovers over opposition of parents and rivals
-young hero's opponents are slaves to some form of mental bondage
-new society formed around the hero and bride
-movement from bondage to liberty

As You Like It
Theater of the Absurd
-emphasis on situation instead of event
-doesn't pretend to give moral
-lacks plot
-reality merges into fantasy
-no logic
-often humorous
Aristotle's Poetics
1) Unity of Time-single day, no time lapse
2) Unity of Place-all action occurs in one place
3) Unity of Action-No irrelevancies are permitted

Also, Classical "Three Dramatic Unities"

The Tempest
Blank Verse
unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter
Free Verse
unrhymed lines without regular rhythm
Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.
the expression through symbolism of truths of generalizations about human experience.

A short poem or speech spoken directly to the audience following the conclusion of a play.

As You Like It
One that by contrast underscores or enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
play with strong elements of tragedy that become comedy through reconciliation and redemption.

The Tempest
An original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; a prototype

-Want to believe/ nothing to believe in
-movement from blieveing "who'd have thought we were so important" to believing they don't count
-Victims of Great Chain
-To be told so little, to be denied an explanation
-i don't care/i've had enough/i'm relieved
-Cries for answers to questions

Prufrock, Ros and Guil
veritas-latin for truth

seeming truth/ represents true reality

The Tempest
Pastoral Lover
Everything will be found in nature

Silvius in As You Like It
A character in a drama or fiction, such as a trusted friend or servant, who serves as a device for revealing the inner thoughts or intentions of a main character.

Horatio to Hamlet
A literary or other artistic work that portrays or evokes rural life, usually in an idealized way.

As You Like It
Petrarchan Sonnet
aka Italian Sonnet

2 sections:
-Octave: a question, a story, an idea
-and Sestet: an answer, a comment, a proposition

ABBA ABBA (Octave) CDE CDE (Sestet)
ex. Wyatt's Whoso List to Hunt
Shakesperian Sonnet
aka English Sonnet


quatrain 1, 2, and 3 each ask a question
final couplet is final comment

Shakespeare's My love is as a fever
A figure of speech that combines literal or sensory qualities of something w/ implied meaning.

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