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janke Quiz explorers and what not

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Bartholomeu Diaz
found that you could sail to the tip bottom of Africa
Roger Williams
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
Hernando Cortez
1519, brought down the Aztec empire
Virginia Company
named after queen Elizabeth to settle new world and Virginia
Amerigo Vespucci
1499, sailed along coast of America (called west indies then) first European to sail to the pacific ocean, made a map out of wood of the coast of "West Indies"..later some german guy calls it America due to Amerigo and it catches on
William Bradford
leader of the separatist settlers of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, and was elected thirty times to be the Governor (Puritan)
Thomas Hooker
1586-1647 Puritan minister who founded the colony of Conneticuit in 1639., In 1639 he formed the Fundament Orders of Connecticut which was a type of government. The document's main concern was to keep the community's welfare at its best. It stated that everyone should be ready to step up and help the community in the time of need.
Mayflower Compact
established consent of the governed; first legal system in new world
George Calvert
an English noble aka Lord Baltimore founded maryland
John Cabot
1497, thought they were going to far south and that's why they weren't reaching the new world..thought they should go north..claims northern part of new world for England..claims new finland for Henry 7
Maryland Toleration Act
Act that was passed in Maryland that guaranteed toleration to all Christians, regardless of sect but not to those who did not believe in the divinity of Jesus. Though it did not sanction much tolerance, the act was the first seed that would sprout into the first amendment, granting religious freedom to all.
Columbus
Italian who sailed for spain and made 4 trips to the west indies
Francisco Pizzaro
Spain, brings down Incans to secure south America for Spain
Francis Drake
a "sea dog" (pirate), first englishman to sail around the world, Elizabeth saw the gallys of gold coming back from the new world and she wanted it, she hired these sailors called sea dogs to rob Spanish gallys, drake sailing under the british flag stole close to millions of gold bringing it back to England, arrived in England and Elizabeth went on his boat and knighted him
John Winthrop
1588-1649 First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.
Roanoke
colony established in 1587 that the people settled in that disappeared in 1590
Starving Time
1609-1610; most settlers died during this winter FIRST WINTER IN JAMESTOWN. Reports of cannibalism to stay alive.
Sir Walter Raleigh
Elizabeth grants colony to Sir Walter Raleigh, she grants him a charter to take people and settle in the New World, settles in area known as Virginia which is modern day North Carolina
William Penn
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718)
Henry Hudson
1609, explores the Hudson River in present day New York, given the duty to find water route north, men had mutiny on June 22 1611 against Henry Hudson bc they hated him, claim part of Canada
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese, first European to circumnavigate the world
Spanish Armada
1588, King Phillip of Spain sent 130 ships and 30,000 troops to attack England, but too many ships were taken and many crashed dismembering the army leaving the British as the victor, catholic loss /protestant win..begins English colonizing
John Rolfe
married pocahontas; discovered tobacco grows well in other areas
Anne Hutchinson
Puritan dissenter banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony who fled to Rhode Island in 1638 and founded portsmouth
John Smith
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter
Ponce De Leon
1513, from spain..conquers Puerto rico and governs it..searched for "fountain of youth" in Florida
Squanto
the Native American who taught the Pilgrims to fish, farm and hunt in the new land, knew english
Vasco De Gamma
1497, first European to sail to India ("gamma went to find ghandi")..portuguese
Jacques Cartier
1530, sails down the saint Lawrence and claims first two french colonies in the new world, founds montreal and quebec
James Oglethorpe
founder of Georgia with very strict rules that caused his leadership to be overthrown
Petition of Rights
Same as the declaration of rights and the English bill of rights, limited the English monarchs power to tax people without the consent of parliment and garenteed certain rights to English subjects
House of Burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.
Declaration of Rights
1689, trial by jury, petition the king, right to hold arms, and other freedoms
Jamestown
London company (a branch of the Virginia Company) creates settlement called Jamestown..first permanent English settlement

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