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Terms

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Ludwig Van Beethoven
(1770-1827)
9 symphonies
32 piano sonatas
Miniatures
A term for a short, evocative composition for piano or for piano and voice, composed in the Romantic period.

Lied (song) Lieder (plural)
Character Piece (for piano)
Lied
Accompaniment- piano
Poetry- usually Rom. poem
Intimate mood- emotional insight with just you

Strophic (same music for each stanza)
Through-composed (different music)

Song cycle- group of songs with a common poetic theme or an actual story connecting all the poems.
Character Pieces
A short Romantic piano piece that portrays a particular mood

Nocturne
Etude
Waltz
Mazurka
Polonaise
Ballade
Prelude
Franz Schubert
(1797-1828)
over 600 Lieder
Robert Schumann
(1810-1856)
Die Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Clara Wieck (Schumann)
(1819-1896)
wife of Robert Schumann; befriended Brahms
Frédéric Chopin
(1810-1849)
wrote almost exclusively for piano
Franz Liszt
(1811-1886)
virtuoso pianist and composer
Johannes Brahms
(1833-1897)
looked back at classical forms
Program Music
Concert Overture - one movement in sonata form

Program Symphony - multi-movement work with a program

Berlioz: Fantastic Symphony CD 4, Tracks 5-11

Symphonic Poem (Tone Poem) - one movement work for orchestra with a program

Chaikovsky: Overture-Fantasy, Romeo and Juliet CD 4, Tracks 24-35
Absolute Music
Music that is free from any extra-musical association. Music for its own sake.
Nationalism
A 19th century movement promoting music built on national folk songs and dances, or associated with national subjects.
Exoticism
Non-political music that emphasized the unique qualities of other nations.
Romantic Opera
Italian:
Bel canto - a style of singing that brings out the sensuous beauty of the voice
Giuseppe Verdi - full orchestra in recitative; arias focus on the melodic with smaller orchestra role

German:
Richard Wagner
Gesamtkunstwerk
Leitmotiv
Richard Wagner
-After Beethoven: most influential of 19th
-"complete work of art"
-wanted to do away with French and Italian varities
-weighty philosophical
-German nationalism
-Tristan und Isolde
Leitmotiv
a musical motive associated with some person, thing, idea, or symbol in the drama.
Gesamtukunstwerk
"total work of art", music drama

Deck Info

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