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Music Terms for Exam 2


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gesamptkunstwerk; wagner
Study, practice-piece
etude; Liszt
Tune associated with "her," in a certain symphony from 1830
idee fixe; berlioz (symphonie fantastique)
Rapid, florid vocal writing
coloratura; verdi
A brief melody associated with a person, thing or idea in an opera
leitmotif; wagner
Polish dance, similar to a waltz
mazurka; Chopin
Term for art-songs, consisting of a poem set to music for one singer and a piano
leider; Schubert
Strong feelings for one's homeland, expressed through music
nationalism; Dvorak
Movement for the unification of Italy
Risorgimiento; Verdi
Name a group of Russian composers in the 1870's and 1880's
kuchku; Mussorgsky
General term for a performer who is highly skilled to an extreme degree
virtuoso; Lizst
Series of four long operas, dealing with dragons, giants, dwarves, gods and heroes
The Ring of Nibelungs; Wagner
A specific symphony from the early 1880's which describes nature
Pastoral Symphony; Beethoven
Suite of pieces depicting a number of different paintings
Paintings at Exhibition; Mussorgsky
Group of American composers around 1890
New England School of Composers; Amy Beach
Italian operas from the 1890's, with highly charged dramatic plots and "realism"
Virisimos; Puccini
Italian opera composer, worked for many years at La Scala opera house in Milan
Piano virtuoso, born in Hungary, invented the piano "recital"
Manic-depressive composer, his alter-egos were Florestan and Eusebius
Czech composer, directed the American Conservatory of Music in NYC for a time
Russian composer, alcoholic, sought to capture the rhythm of spoken Russian in his music
Wrote 600 lieder, died at the age of 31
Had an opera house constructed at Bayreuth for his music
A "Classical Romantic," his music pays homage to Bach, Mozart and Beethoven
Wrote the Heiligenstadt Testament
His bad "drug trip" inspired some fantastic musical visions
Who Wrote "La Traviata"? What is it about?
Verdi; about a high-class prostitute (Violetta) who meets Alfredo at a party; he falls deeply in love with her and they run away together. She leaves him when his father tells her she will bring the family disgrace; She finds out she has tiberculosis; Alfredo finds out the real reason she left and they reunite on her death bed.
What innovations did Wagner undertake in trying to achieve his goal of a "union of all the arts?"
1. Created idea of musikdrama (fusion of lit and music)
2. Used leitmotifs (brief melody associated with a person/idea-->more dramatic
3. Dimmed the lights in Theater
4. Used special effects
5. Had larger orchestra and created orchestra pit with pipes connecting below the seats so audience could hear better
Do you see any connections between Beethoven's 6th symphony and Berlioz's first? What, if any?
1. 5 movements instead of 4
2. B's 6th served as precursor to Berlioz's concept of program music.
3. Both created titles for each movement.
4. Both attempted to direct the audience in a certain way through program music.
What were some of the general trends and preocupations of he Romantic Era in Music? Select two pieces from this time to illustrate how they demonstrate these trends.
Trend #1: love, death, nature, supernatural.
Piece #1: Schubert's Erlking

Trend #2: Fusion of literature and music
Piece #2: Mendelssohn's Overture to a Mid-Summer Night's Dream

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