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arts history


undefined, object
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the physical appearance of a work of art - its materials, style, and composition
What a work of art is about, its subject-matter
the various connections a work of art has to the world in which it was created and in which it is viewed
the symbolism in a work of art and how it is used to interpret the work of art.
a space presented as a work of art to be entered, explored, experienced and reflected upon.
art that depicts forms as they appear in the natural world
representational art that emphasizes objective observation and accurate reproduction of the appearance of forms
art, usually paintings, starting in the 60s and 70s which showed detailed precision like a photograph and which was painted from photographs.
photo realism
“ fool the eye” representational art that mimics what we see so faithfully that are senses are fooled into believing it is real
trompe l’oeil
representational art which depicts the world as it should be ideally versus as it really looks
art in which forms of the visual world are purposefully simplified, fragmented, or distorted. ⬢
Art which does not represent or refer to the visible world.
representational art in which methods for depicting forms have been standardized and then repeated without reference to the real world model
non-objective art from the mid-20th century emphasizing an artist’s spontaneous expression as it flowed from the subconscious.
very large stones surrounded by a circular ditch
space presented a work of art to be entered explored, experienced and reflected upon.
a shape which our mind puts together by filling in the blanks
implied shape
the lightness or darkness of an object
italian for light-dark. the technique of using values to make a 2 dimensional form look 3 dimensional
closely spaced parallel lines used to create dark
parallel lines intersecting like a checkerboard used to create darks
cross hatching
dots spaced close or far apart to suggest darker or lighter spaces
made up of the colors as refracted by a prism
color wheel
red yellow blue
primary colors
orange green and violet
secondary colors
a mixture of a primary color with an adjacent secondary
tertiary colors
name of color
the more colors you "add" together, the closer you get to pure white, This only occurs when you're mising light rays
addative colors
the more colors you mix together, the more light you "subtract"
subtractive colors
variations of the same hue
monochromatic harmonies
using colors directly opposite each other on the color
adjacent hues on the color wheel
3 equidistant colors on the color wheel
dots of pure color that tend to mix in our eyes to produve the illusion of color mixture
based on the observation that distant objects appear less distinct, paler and bluer than nearby objects due to the way moisture in the intervening atmosphere scatters light.
atmospheric perspective
an image that persists after the visual stimulus that first produced it has ceased.
the percieved edges of a 3 dimensional form such as teh human body. lines to indicate these perceived edges in 2 dimensional art
colors ranged along the blue curve of the color wheel
cool colors
in 2 dimensional images, the relationship between a shape we perceive as dominant and the background shape we perceive it against.
the visual phenomenon whereby an elongated object projecting toward or wawy from a viewer appears shorter than its actualy length, as though compressed.
a preparatory coating of paint, usually white but sometimes colored, applied to the support for a painting or drawing
uses diagonal lines to convey recession, but parallel lines do not converge.
isometric perspective
the relative purity or brightness of a color.
having to do with motion. incorporates real or apparent movement.
kinetic art
based on the observation that parallel lines appear to converge as they recede from the viewer, finally meeting at a vanishing point on the horizon
linear perspective
3 dimensionl form, often implying bulk, density and weight
one in which all colors are permitted
open palette
the tendency of the eyes to blend patches of indivisual colors placed near one another so as to perceive a different, combined color
optical color mixture
the literal surface of a painting imagined as window, so that objects depicted in depth are spoken of as behind or receding from the picture plane
picture plane
a color darker than a hues normal value
a 2 dimensional area having identifiable boundaries, created by lines, color or value changes, or some combination of these
the perceptual phenomenon whereby complementary colors appear most brilliant when set side by side
simultaneous contrast
colors ranged along the orange curve of the color wheel
warm colors

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