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History isms


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an economic system in which private parties make their goods and services available on a free market. Often characterized by Capitalism commonly represented the United State during the bipolar world, and is the opposite of capitalism.
the belief that your social cultural group is superior to that of another. This was common during imperialism as every nations thought that they had the greatest culture and wanted to go spread theirs to less industrialized lands. Ethnocentrism can also be seen with Japan during World War II as they believed they were superior to the Chinese.
common belief during the creation of global empires. Many industrialized nations thought it was their duty to care for other countries and viewed other countries as their children.
Social Darwinism
application of Darwin’s theory of survivel of the fittest and applying it to societies. The main idea was that it was natural for the stronger to overake the weaker race. This was a justification for imperialism.
refers to the domination of industrial lands over subject lands in the larger world. During the building of global empires, industrial lands used it to try to create their own global empire. It gradually was destroyed following the concept of self determination articulated in Wilson’s 14 Points.
a political movement and ideology that stressed ultra nationalism prevalent in Europe during the Age of Anxiety, most famously under the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini. Attractive for the middle classes, sought to create a national community, and stressed the primarcy of the state and the power of the dictator.; viewed liberal democracy as weak; and no individualism and emphasized militarism.
a movement that stressed the kinship between various Slav peoples. Russia believed that they were the overlookers of the Slavic people. Credited as a factor for causing the outbreak of WW1
term that describes when military has a strong influence on the government and military is one of the highest ideals of the society. This was seen mainly in Japan as they were very militaristic during the Age of Anxiety and World War II.
German National Socialism
represented the Nazi movement, had a broad appeal, appealed to many memors of the lower class, Hitler made it the only legal party of Germany, and attracted many disillusioned people
Lenin’s views that common during the World War I period and during the Bolshevik Revolution. He believed that an industrial working class was incapable of running a revolution, and that leadership must come from a well-organized and disciplined vanguard.
an ideology believing that peasants rather than urban proletarians were the foundation for a successful revolution. Village power was essential. This was Mao thought and it shows that he adopted views similar to Marx and Lenin and edits it in his own beliefs. This ideology fueled his later movements.
term referring to a centralized government where a single party has complete control over political, social, and economic life. characteristic of a dictatorship during the Age of Anxiety. Allows for mass rallies and more extensive propaganda.
patriotism or the desire for political independence. One of the reasons for imperialism and the goal of many subject lands during the age of decolonization. Start of wars are often casued by nationalism.
a term that places an emphasis on relgious rather than national identity. Associated with India. It was the main reason an independent India could not have national unity.
defined by Mao as the abandonment of the goals of the revolution and acceptance of the evils of special status and special accumulation of worldly goods. People accused of revisionism were accused of "taking the capitalist road".
the organization of society around industry, rather than around agricultural. During Societies at Crossroads, Russia is an example of a society that tried to achieve this concept but failed due to not giving serfs political rights.
a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations

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