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Junior Literary Terms Mr. T

A quiz to help prepare for grade 8, 9, 10 English exams at Southridge School

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
conflict
the struggle between opposing forces
hyperbole
a deliberate and extreme exaggeration to emphasize a fact or feeling
narrative
a collection of events that tells a story
simile
describing one thing by comparing it to something else using "like" or "as": "He ran like the wind"
symbolism
the use of a concrete object to represent an abstract idea or emotion
indirect presentation
the personality of a character is revealed by what he or she does or says
onomatopoeia
a figure of speech in which a word used closely resembles the sound to which it refers: "buzz, snap, splash"
metaphor
describing one thing by comparing it to something else: "The moon is a harsh mistress"
theme
the central idea of a story; the reason an author writes a work of literature
foil
a character who makes a contrast with another character (usually a minor character helping to present a major character)
denotation
the dictionary meaning of a word
ballad
a short narrative poem, especially one that is sung or recited, often in stanzas of four lines
rhythm
a pattern of stressed and unstressed sounds that creates a beat
imagery
a technique by which a writer appeals to the senses of the reader through sensory description
direct presentation
when the writer tells the readers directly what kind of personality a character possesses
antagonist
the character or force that opposes the main character
sarcasm
crudely mocking or conteptuous language, a form of verbal irony
paradox
a statement that appears contradictory but upon closer examination reveals some truth
free verse
poetry with lines of irregular length that are usually unrhymed
comedy
a literary works that is amusing and ends happily
narration
the recitation of events in chronological order or in an arrangement determined by the nature of the plot and the type of story intended
chronological order
the order in which events happen in time
plot
the episodes of a narrative or dramatic event
atmosphere
the emotional tone in a work
refrain
a repeated phrase, line, or stanza in a poem, especially in a ballad
flat character
a one-dimensional character who does not change during the story
falling action
a series of events that take place after the climax of a story
sonnet
a fourteen line lyric poem--Shakespearean or Italian in style
style
the way an author writes a literary work
static character
a character who does not change throughout the work and the reader's knowledge of the character does not grow
round character
a multi-dimensional character who has depth and does not act predictably
tragedy
a work of literature in which the protagonist suffers a disastrous fate
third person point of view
using "he" or "she" to tell a story
flashback
an interruption in a narrative that presents an earlier event
aside
an actor's speech, directed at the audience, that is not supposed to be heard by other actors on stage
understatement
when an author purposely says less than what is actually meant to reinforce an idea
slang
a type of informal verbal communication generally unacceptable for formal writing
dialogue
two or more characters in conversation
stanza
a "paragraph" in poetry
connotation
the feelings and emotions associated with a word
dramatic irony
a difference in what a character knows and what the audience knows (Romeo does not know that Juliet is actually alive, the audience does)
colloquial
informal diction that reflects casual language and slang expressions
compare
examine and note the similarities and differences
first person point of view
the protagonist telling his or her own story: "I"
resolution
the denouement or untying of the complication of the plot (usually after the climax)
speaker
the "voice" used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem
rhyme
a repetition of the end sounds of words
suspense
a growing excitement felt by the audience as they await the climax or min-climaxes of a story
mood
the atmosphere of a work of literature
bias
partiality in a work of literature or non0fiction (favouring one side)
genre
a kind or typ of literature (tragedy, romantic comedy, chick lit, etc.)
allusion
a reference to a person, event, ot thing that the writer assumes the reader will recognize
tone
the attitude of the "voice" of a work of literature or non-fiction
stereotyped character
a character who thinks or acts according to a certain pattern based on presuppositions about race, social group, or gender: a "nerd" or a "bimbo" are examples
foreshadowing
a hint of what is to come
figurative language
language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words, often used in poetry
verbal irony
a difference between what is said and what is meant--sarcasm is an example
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds
audience
the reader or spectators of a work of literature or dramatic performance
rising action
the events that lead up to the climax
lyric
a short poem that expresses a powerful emotion or sentiment
jargon
words and phrases used by an occupation, trade, or field of study. Usually confusing to others.
satire
a form of literature that ridicules some ridiculous aspect of human behaviour by presenting it in a serious manner
protagonist
the main character of a story
dynamic character
a character who changes by the end of a story
oxymoron
two opposite words combined to create a new meaning: "jumbo shrimp," "student teacher"
limited omniscient
seeing into only one character's head in a story--usually used with the third person point of view
character
an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction
contrast
highlighting a certain idea or value by comparing its differences to another idea or value
situational irony
a difference in what is expected to happen and what actually happens
drama
a single play or group of plays
description
the careful detailing of a person, place, thing, or event
exposition
the background information of a story (the story before the story)
omniscient point of view
seeing into the minds of more than one character: a god-like perspective
persuasion
a type of speaking or writing that is intended to make its audience adopt a certain opinion
cliché
an overused expression
personification
a form of metaphor that attributes human characteristics to things that are not human

Deck Info

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