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Poetic Devices

figurative language and poetic terms

Terms

undefined, object
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Euphemism
the substitution of a mild and pleasant expression, for a harsh and blunt one. Those who use this term are generally aware that they are manipulating language
Sonnet
a fourteen-line poem, usually written in rhymed Iambic Pentameter. Generally a single theme or subject is developed within this strict form. Common themes include love, death, mortality, nature, states of amind, or poetry itself
Stanza
a division of a poem consisting of a group of lines arranged as a group--sections of a poem separated from other sections with a blank line
Octave
a stanza of eight lines--usually the first unit/stanza in an Italian Sonnet consisting of Iambic Pentameter and a rhyme scheme of abbaabba
Couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme--found at the end of Shakespearean Sonnet for example
Onomatopoeia
the use of words formed or sounding like what they signify, capturing the sense of sound
Alliteration
the repetition of similar sounds, usually initial consonants, in a group of words
Quatrain
a stanza of 4 lines, rhymed or unrhymed
Iambic Pentameter
is a line of ten syllables with an alternating stress pattern of unstressed and stressed divided into 5 groups of iams
Assonance
the close repetition of similar vowel sounds in words in a group of words
Consonance
The repetition of similar consonant sounds in the middle or at the end of words in a group of words in a poem
Parody--critical
mimics the work/poetry/prose/ borrowing words or phrases or characteristic turns of thought in order to highlight weaknesses or conception or expression
Personification
treating inanimate objects or animals as people--giving them human qualities
Imagery
skillful use of words to create an image or picture in the mind of the reader that affects any of the reader's 5 senses
Rhyme
the repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases that appear close to each other in a poem
Rhyme Scheme
a pattern of rhymes in a stanza or poem, usually represented by small letters.
Iambic
refers to the two-syllable unit that begins unstressed and ends stressed
Sestet
a stanza of six lines--usally referring to the last 6 lines of an Italian Sonnet
Oxymoron
combines opposite or contradictory ideas or terms for effect. It suggests a paradox but it does so briefly, usually in two or three words.
Simile
a comparison made between two things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as 'as' 'like' 'as if' or 'than'
Metaphor
a comparison between two things that are basically dissimiliar--usually using 'is' or 'are' between the two objects
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter that has lines that do not rhyme. Iambic refers to the two-syllable unit that begins unstressed and ends stressed
Rhythm
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a pattern. It is the most apparent in poetry, although it is a part of all good writing.
Allusion
a reference to a person, a place, and event, or a literary work tht the writer expects the reader to recognize and responsd to--may be taken from history, mythology, the Bible, religion in general, geography, or literature
Parody-comic
exaggerates or distorts prominent features of style or content in a work of poetry or prose--humour is the uppermost quality
Paradox
an apparently untrue or self-contradictory statement or circumstance that proves true upon reflection or when examined inanother light
Apostrophe
a figure of speech in which an absent or dead person, an abstract quality, or somehing non-human is addressed directly
Ballad
a simple narrative poem that tells a story and originally meant to be sung
Hyperbole
the use of exaggeration or emphasis to make a strong point

Deck Info

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