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Definitions

TCC

Terms

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Antiseptic
a substance that slows or stops growth of microorganisms on surfaces such as skin
Lymphoma
a term used to describe a malignant disorder of lymphoid tissue
Nocturia
having to urinate excessively at night
Instill
to place into; instructions used for ophthalmic or otic drops
Sputum
fluid coughed up from the lungs and brochial tissues
Cushing's disease
syndrome causing an increase in secretion of the adrenal cortex that includes symptoms such as a moon face and deposits of fat (buffalo hump)
Digestion
the mechanical, chemical, and enzymatic action of breaking food into molecules that can be used in metabolism
Peristalsis
the contracting and relaxation of the tubular muscles of the esophagus, stomach, and intestine that move food substance from the mouth to tha anus
Helicobacter pylori
major stomach infection
Anaphylactic shock
a sever allergic reaction that cause tachycardial and airways to close; a medical emergency that may result in death
Chemotherapy
the treatment of a disease with toxic chemical substance to slow the disease process or to kill cells
Angina
a severe, often constricting pain affecting the pectoris, or chest region, caused by lack of oxygen to the heart cells
Distribution
the ability of a drug to pass into the bloodstream
Ointment
a hydrophobic products such as petroleum jelly
Sympathetic nervous system
division of the autonomic nerouse system that functions during stressful situations; fight or flight
Fat-soluble
drugs that are absorbed into the fat layer of the body
Ulcer
a lesion on a mucous surface of the gastrointestinal tract
Cervical
neck region
Urinary Tract infection
infection of the kidney, bladder, prostate gland, or the urethra
Congestive Heart Failure
accumulation of blood in the circulatory system caused by the inability of the heart to pump efficiently
Goiter
condition in which the thyroid gland is enlarged because of lack of iodine, known as simple goiter, or because of a tumor, known as toxic goiter
Viscosity
the thickness of a solution or fluid
Simmonds' disease
a pituitary disorder that is a form of hypopituitarism in which all pituitary secretions are deficient
Edema
a local or generalized condition in which body tissues retain and excessive amounts of tissue fluid
Corticosteroid
a steroid produced by the adrenal cortex
Hypercalcemia
unusally high concentration of calcium in the blood
Anabolism
to build up; the construction phase of metabolism
Antigen
the marker on cell surfaces that marks the cell as a "self-cell"; it stimulates the production of antibodies
Hypokalemia
an abnormally low concentration of potassium in the blood
Cerebrospinal fluid
a fluid that fills the ventricles of the brain and also lies in the spaces of the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid layer of the meninges
Code blue
a coded message to indicate an emergency in a hospital situation
Afferent
the direction of the nuronal impulse from the body to the CNS
Anxiety
feeling of apprehension, dread, and fear, with characteristics including tension, restlessness, tachycardia, dyspnea, and a sense of hopelessness
Hypoglycemia
abnormally low glucose content circulating in the bloodstream
Aqueous Humor
a fluid that is found in the eye (anterior and posterior chambers)
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
Nonmalignant enlargement of prostate gland
Antitussive
a drug that can decrease the coughing reflex of the CNS
Constipation
dry, hard stools that may be decreased in frequency
Floor stock
supplies kept on hanf in different units of the hospital
Mania
a form of psychosis characterized by excessive excitement,elevated mood, and exalted feelings
Mortar and pestle
a bowl and rounded knob used to grind substance into fine powder
Leukemia
a progessive disease marked by malignancy of the blood-forming cells found in the hemopoietic tissue, organs, and bloodstream, causing circulation of abnormal blood cells
Calibration
the markings on a measuring device
Adjudication
electronic insurance billing for medication payment
Coronary Artery Disease
defined by a set of conditions affecting the heart caused by atherosclerosis and angina pectoris
Diuresis
the secretion and passage of large amounts of urine from the body
Flocculation
the process by which a solute comes out of a solution in the form of flakes or precipitation
Appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
Mycosis
fungal disease
Ingestion
the act of taking in food or liquid
Solvent
the greater part of a solution
Inhale
to breathe in; directions used on an inhaler
Rheumatoid arthritis
a progressive degenerative and crippling immune disease
Amino Acids
macromolecules that make up proteins
Schizophrenia
a group of mental disorders characterized by inappropriate emotions and unrealistic thinking
Aseptic technique
the procedures used to eliminate the possibilitiy of a drug becoming contaminated with microbes or particles
Bipolar disorder
depressive psychosis, alternating between excessive phases of mania and depression; formerly know as manic-depressive
Reconstitution
to mix a liquid and a powder to form a suspension or solution
Hyperglycemia
abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood
Coenzyme
a compound that activates an enzyme
Histamine
a substance that interacts with tissues, producing an allergic reaction
Rhinitis
inflammation of the lining of the nose; runny nose
Bioavailability
the amount of the drug that reaches its intended destination by being absorbed into the bloodstream
Arrythmia
irregular rhythm of the heart
Anaerobic
organisms that live in absents of oxygen
Immunity
a type of resistance to infection resulting from an immune response from the body or from agents such as vaccinations
Autonomic nervous system
division of the nervous system that controls the involuntary bosy functions; consists of sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions
Hypervitaminosis
a disorder caused by the intake of too many vitamins
Coagulate
to solidify or change from a fluid state to a solid state
Addison's disease
condition resulting in a decrease in adrenocortical hormones, that causes symptoms including muscle weakness and weight loss
Efferent
the conduction of electrical impulses away from the CNS to the body
Solute
the ingredients that is dissolved into a solution
Thrombolytic
medication used to break up a thrombus or blood clot
Catalyst
a molecule that allows chemical reactions to take place rapidly but is not altered in the reaction
Absorption
the taking in of nutrients
Antiinflammatory
a drug that reduces swelling, redness, and pain that promotes healing
Insomnia
difficulty falling or staying asleep
Bacteriostatic
agent that prevent the growth of bacteria but does not kill the microbes
Bradykinins
chemical produced by the body and responsible for inflammation and pain
Solution
a water base in which the ingredients dissolve completely
Hypertension
high blood pressure
Blister pack
container usually made of plastic that holds a single-dose tablet or capsule
Antibodies
proteins contained within plasma cells the neutralize or destroy antigens; also know as immunoglobulins
Hyrdophobic
water hating; any substance that does not go into or mix with water
Hydrophilic
water loving; any substance that easily goes with water
Gastritis
inflammation of the stomach linings
Hypotension
low blood pressure
Dystonia
symptoms that include twisting, repeated jerking movements, and/or abnormal posture
Levigate
to make into a smooth paste or into a fine powder depending on the agent used
Emulsification
to make into a emulsion; or bind together
Miosis
contraction of the pupil
Tourette's syndrome
a disorder characterized by multiple motor tics, lack of muscle coordination, and involuntary, purposeless movements that are accompanied by grunts and barks
Dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation
Malignant
an invasive and destructive pattern of rapid, abnormal cell growth; often fatal
Stroke
impaired cerbral blood flow caused by thrombosis, hemorrhage, or embolism (clot in brain)
Parasympathetic nerous system
division of the autonomic nervous system that functions during restful situations
Vasodilation
widening of the blood vessels that allows for increased blood flow
Decongestants
drug that reduces swelling of the mucous membranes by constricting dilated blood vessels; they reduce blood flow to nasal tissues, thus reducing nasal congestion
Anitpruritic
a drug that relieves itching, usually an antihistamine or an antiinflammatory drug
Dyspepsia
heartburn, indegestion, epigastric discomfort
Depression
a mental state characterized by sadness, feelings of loss and gried, and loss of appetite and that may include suicidal thoughts
Chyme
the soupy consistency of food after mixing with stomach acids as it passes into the small intestines
Psychosis
a mental illness characterized by loss of contact with reality
Autoimmune disease
condition in which a person's tissues are attacked by his or her immune system; abnormal antigen-antibody reaction
Keratolytic
a drug that causes shedding of the outer layer of skin
Antiemetic
agent that stops nausea and vomiting
Antibiotic
chemical agent produced by organisms and use to treat infection (bacterial)
Analgesic
A drug that relieves pain by reducing the perception of pain
Aerobic
organisms that need oxygen to survive
Central Nerous System
brain and spinal cord
Productive cough
cough that expectorates mucous secretions from the respiratory tract
Cones
photoreceptors responsible for color (daylight vision)
Myocardial infarction
death of the heart muscle; heart attack
Catabolism
to break down; the destructive phase of metabolism
Dermatits
inflammation of the skin associated with itching and burning
Fungicide
agents that kill fungus
Gauge
the size of the needle opening
Avitaminosis
vitamin deficiency
Metabolism
the physical and chemical changes that take place within an organism
Homeostasis
the equilibrium pertaining to the balance of the body with respects to fluid levels, pH levels, and chemicals
Helminth
worms
Chloasma
hyperpigmentation of the skin, limited or confined to a certain area
Tardive dyskinesia
unwanted side effects of taking phenothiazines that include slow, rhythmical involuntary movements that are generalized or specific to one muscle group
Emesis
vomiting
Neurosis
mental illness arising from stress or anxiety in the patient's environment without loss of contact with reality; phobias can be listed in this category
Hypocalcemia
low concentration of calcium in the blood
Elixir
a base solution that is a mixture of alcohol and water
Formulary
a list of preferred drugs to be stocked by the pharmacy; also a list of drugs covered by and insurance company
Cystic fibrosis
an inherited disorder that causes production of very thick mucus in the respiratory tract and affects the pancreas and sweat glands; the patient experiences difficulty breathing and has frequent respiratory infections
Cataract
loss of transparency of the lens of the eye
Asthma
a condition in which narrowing of the airways impedes breathing
Nosocomial infection
an infection that is acquired during hospitalization
Diarrhea
frequent, watery, loose stools
Palliative
that which brings relief but does not cure
Bioequivalence
the difference between a drug that is manufactured in a different dosage form or by a different company; includes the rate of absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
Pruritus
itching
Bactericidal
agent that kills bacteria
Artery
a vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues of the body
Bolus
a single dose of drug
Controlled substance
any substance that is similar to the structures of drugs in schedule 1 or 2, primarily stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens
Inhibit
to stop or hold back; to keep a reaction from taking place
Legend drugs
drug that requires a prescription for dispensing
Incontinence
loss of control over excretion of urine and feces
Paget's disease
condition that affects older adults in which the density of the bones decrease, resulting in softening and weakening
Prophylaxis
treatment given before an event to prevent the event from happening
Anemia
a deficiency of circulating red blood cells; a symptom of disease; not a disease
Steroid
messenger chemical produced by the body that helps fight inflammation and pain (naturally occurs)
Diuretic
an agent that increases urine output and diuresis
Chiropractic
manual manipulation of the joints and muscles
Antihypertensive
agents that decrease blood pressure
Somatic
the motor neurons that control voluntary actions of the skeletal muscles
Influenza
a respiratory tract infection caused by an influenza virus
Peripheal nervous system
the division of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord
Vein
a vessel that carries deoxygenated blood to or towards the heart
Electrolytes
charged elements called cations(positive charges) and anions (negative charges)
Grave's disease
condition caused by hypersecretion of thyroid with diffuse goiter, exophthalmos, and skin changes (hyperthyroidism)
Antipyretic
medication that reduces fever
Virus
an organism that replicates by using the host's cell parts, including DNA, ribosomes, and proteins
Lipids
fats and fatty acids
Osteroarthritis
a degenerative joint disease
Enzyme
a protein that speeds up a reaction by reducing the amount of energy required to initiate a reaction; also called a biological catalyst
Unit dose
a single dose of a drug
Immunosuppressive
a substance or procedure which prohibits a normal immune respone by the body to fight off such an attack; used to prevent organ rejection
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
a disease process in which the lungs have decreased ability for gas exchange; also knows as emphysema and chronic bronchitis
Hyperkalemia
an excessive amount of potassium on the blood

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