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MUSC211 exam1

Terms

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5 types of soprano voices
lyric, dramatic, spinto, boy, castrato
5 types of alto voices
mezzo-soprano, contralto, boy alto, alto castrato, helden mezzon soprano
4 types of tenor voices
dramatic, lyric, spinto, coloratura
4 types of bass voices
baritone, baritone-bass, bass, basso profundo
spinto
role/singer who can sing lyric and dramatic
what are some terms that relate to melody?
conjunct, disjunct, diatonic, chromatic, lyrical
melismatic
many notes for each syllable of text
syllabic
one note per syllable
programmatic
an instrumental piece with a non-musical association.
monophonic
one melody by itself
polyphonic
multiple melodies simultaniously
homophonic
a melody and chordal accompaniment.
polymeter
2 different meters occuring simultaneously
polyrhythm
2 different rhythmic organizations occuring simultaneously
hemiola
decorative cadence going into 2 when in 3
augmentation
a melody put into longer notes
diminution
a melody put into shorter notes
pedal
a note underlying the music while the harmony changes above it
drone
same as a pedal, w/ two notes
consonant
stable sounding, resolved
dissonant
unstable, needs to resolve to consonance
multiphonics
playing multiple pitches on an instrument that usually only plays one
anacrusis
pick up
provide two examples of assymetrical meter
5/4 7/8
provide two examples of irregular meter
2/4,2/4,3/8..... 4/8.4/8, 6/16
what are aaron copeland's 3 levels of learning?
sensory, associative, musical

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