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Microsoft 2003: Introductory Concepts, Essential Intro to Computers Review 1


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Define Data and Information, explain their relation to each other.
Data is a collection of unprocessed items. Computers manipulate data to create information. Information conveys meaning and is useful to one or more people
Define Computer
Generally, the term is used to describe a collection of hardware components that function together as a system.
What 4 basic operations must a computer perform?
A Computer must accept data (input), process the data according to specified rules (process), produce results (output), and store the results (storage) for future use.
Give an example of input devices.
Mouse, Keyboard, Scanner
Give an example of an output device.
Monitor, Printer
What is a Hard Disk Used for?
Hard disks are used to store the operating system, application software, user data and information
What is a USB Flash drive used for? Why is it the portable storage media of choice?
A USB flash drive, sometimes called a pen drive, is used to store digital pictures or files to be transported. USB flash drives are the portable storage media of choice among users today because they are small, lightweight, and have such large storage capacities.
What is a Floppy disk used for?
A floppy disk, or diskette, is used to store small files to be transported.
Define Zip Disk.
A Zip disk is a type of portable storage media that can store from 100 MB to 750 MB of data. These large capacities make it easy to transport many files or large items such as graphics, audio, or video files. Another popular use of Zip disks is to back up important data and information.
Discuss computer software and explain the difference between system software and application software.
Computer software is the key to productive use of computers. With the correct software, a computer can become a valuable tool. Software can be categorized into two types: system software and application software. System software consists of programs to control the operations of computer equipment. An important part of system software is a set of programs called the operating system. Microsoft Windows XP is a widely used graphical operating system. Application software consists of programs that tell a computer how to produce information.
Identify several types of personal computer application software
Some widely used application software includes personal information manager, project management, accounting, computer-aided design, desktop publishing, paint/image editing, audio and video editing, multimedia authoring, Web page authoring, personal finance, legal, tax preparation, home design/landscaping, educational, reference, and entertainment (games, simulations, etc.). Some of the more commonly used applications are word processing, electronic spreadsheet, database, and presentation graphics.
Define E-commerce
When you conduct business activities online, you are participating in electronic commerce, also known as e-commerce. The three types of e-commerce that exist today are business to consumer (B2C), consumer to consumer (C2C), and business to business (B2B).
Discuss computer communication channels and equipements as well as the internet and world wide web.
A network is a collection of computers and devices connected via communications media and devices such as cables, telephone lines, modems, or other means. Computers are networked together so users can share resources, such as hardware devices, software programs, data, and information. Most business computers are networked together. The world's largest network is the Internet, which is a worldwide collection of networks. One of the more popular segments of the Internet is the World Wide Web, also called the Web, which contains billions of documents called Web pages.

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