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AP Terms 3

Terms

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Persona
the "voice" of a text, often mistakenly confused with the author's own personality
Plaint
poem or speech expressing sorrow or "you done me wrong"
Naturalism
late 19th & early 20th century literary movement which represents humans as lacking free will and entirely subject to heredity, environment, biological urges and economy
Pun
play on words, hopefully humorous but often painful
Motif
main theme or subject of a work that is elaborated on and developed further throughout the piece; a repeated theme, image, or idea
Point of view
perspective from which material is presented; examples include 1st person narrator, stream of consciousness, omniscient narrator, limited omniscient narrator, objective narrator
Parable
short tale that teaches a moral; similar to but shorter than an allegory
Oxymoron
Figure of speech composed of seemingly contradictory words or phrases
Objectivity
impersonal presentation of facts, events and characters
Myth
a narrative that serves to explain origins, either of life itself or of religious or cultural practices
Narrative
one of the four modes of discourse; the telling of a story
Personification
anthropomorphism; the attribution of human and/or sentient qualities to a non-human or inanimate object
Opposition
pairs of elements that contrast sharply
Mood
the primary emotion attitude of a text
Periodic sentence
a sentence that isn't grammatically complete until its last phrase
Paradox
statement or situation that initially seems to contradict itself but on closer
Metonymy
figure of speech in which something is replaced by a thing associated with it
Irony
situation in which the outcome is meaningfully opposite of what is expected
Onomatopoeia
language that reproduces the sound of what they represent
Loose sentence
sentence that is grammatically complete before its end; opposite of periodic sentence
Paraphrase
to restate phrases and sentences in one's own words
Interior Monologue
record of the "conversation" inside a character's head; stream of consciousness
Nemesis
protagonist's arch-enemy or supreme and persistent difficulty
Inversion
intentional reversing of the order of elements in a sentence or phrase; often produces an unintended artificiality of language
Parallelism
technique of arranging words, phrases, clause or other structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form; expected form of many grammatical structures
Mode
method or form of a literary work; the manner in which a work of literature is written
Metaphor
figure of speech in which a name or descriptive word or phrase is transferred to an object or action different from, but analogous to, that to which it is literally applicable; comparison that says one thing is another
Persuasion
a form of argumentation, one of the four modes of discourse; language intended to convince through appeals to reason, values or emotion
Protagonist
main character of a literary work

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