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Last Medical Terminology Quiz

Terms

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Arrhythmia
Loss/lack of rhythm; any deviation from the normal (sinus) rhythm of the heart; an irregularity of the heartbeat
Ectopic
in an abnormal location; out of place
Costa
the ribs
Malacia
a softening or loss of consistency and contiguity in any organ or tissue
Stenosis
the abnormal narrowing of a passage or opening, such as a blood vessel or heart valve
Chronotropic
affecting the rate of rhythmic movements, such as the heartbeat
Angioscopy
insertion of a fiberoptic catheter through a peripheral artery to view the interior of blood vessels, esp. pulmonary arteries
Vasomotor
causing dilatoin or constriction of the blood vessels, or denoting nerves with such action
Paroxysm
1. a sudden, violent attack, esp. a spasm or convulsion 2. the abrupt onset or worsening of symptoms or recurrence of a disease
Costochondral
also chondrocostal; pertaining to cartilage that is attached to the ribs
Auscultate
To examine, by listening (usually with the aid of a stethoscope), to sounds produced by the movement of gases or liquids within the body, as a means of diagnosis
Topical
pertaining to a definite place or locality: used to describe the route of administration of a drug that is applied directly to the surface of the part being treated
Varicose
pertaining to varices--abnormal distended, tortuous vessels, esp. veins
Coronary
Relating to or resembling a crown; term is usually applied to the arteries that encircle and supply blood to the myocardium (the coronary arteries)
Osteomalacia
a disease characterized by a gradual softening and bending of the bones, accompanied by varying severity of pain
Aneurysm
A localized, balloon-like dilation or swelling in the wall of an artery or cardiac chamber
Vascular
pertaining to or containing blood vessels; indicative of a copious blood supply
Chronic
relating to a health-related state or condition persisting over a long period of time (3 months or longer); may also refer to longterm or prolonged exposure.
Angiogram
an x-ray of blood vessels following injection with a radio-opaque material
Syncope
a sudden, and generally temporary, loss of consciousness and postural tone, due to inadequate flow of oxygenated blood to the brain (fainting)
Bradycardia
abnormally slow heartbeat (usually applied to heart rates slower than 60 bpm)
Ischemia
local and temporary lack of blood flow due to the mechanical obstruction of the circulation to a part of the body; may result in infarct if the circulation is withheld too long
Arteriosclerosis
collection of several pathological conditions in which the walls of blood vessels, esp. arteries, become thickened and hardened, losing their elasticity.
Atherosclerosis
a common form of arteriosclerosis characterized by irregularly distributed lipid deposits in the tunica intima/intera of large and medium-sized arteries, that will eventually lead to blockage of blood flow.
Chronotropism
modification of the rate of a periodic movement, such as the heartbeat, via some external influence
Venous
pertaining to a vein or the veins
Sphygmomanometer
an instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure
Tachycardia
abnormally rapid heartbeat (usually applied to heart rates faster than 100 bpm)
Venesection
also venipuncture and phlebotomy; the puncture of a vein, usually to withdraw blood or inject a solution
Inotropic
influencing the contractility of muscle cells
Orthostatic
pertaining to the upright position of the body: used when describing this posture or a condition caused by it, such as Orthostatic Hypotension (a drop in blood pressure upon standing)
Infarct
an area of necrosis (tissue death) due to sudden, localized ischemia
Corestenoma
a narrowing or partial occlusion of the pupil

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