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US History Unit 5


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John Rockefeller
Industrialist and philanthropist responsible for creation of Standard Oil
Homestead Act
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
Union Pacific Railroad
A railroad that started in Omaha, and it connected with the Central Pacific Railroad in Promentary Point, UTAH; one of the frist railroads
Central Pacific Railroad
A railroad that started in Sacramento , and connected with the Union Pacific Railroad in Promentary Point, UTAH
Virginia City, Nevada
Almost overnight the town went from a frontier outpost to a boomtown of 30,000 people, silver
Dawes Act
act that made reservations and gave land to Native Americans and made them become part of the America cultures
Andrew Carnegie
United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts (1835-1919); founder of the Carnegie Steel Company
Sitting Bull
A chief of the Sioux;took up arms against settlers in the northern Great Plains and against United States Army troops; he was present at the battle of Little Bighorn (1876) when the Sioux massacred General Custer's troops (1831-1890)
Great Plains
Located west of the interior lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains; flatland that gradually increases in elevation westward; grasslands; cattle drives
Credit Mobilier
a joint-stock company organized in 1863 and reorganized in 1867 to build the Union Pacific Railroad. It was involved in a scandal in 1872 in which high government officials were accused of accepting bribes.
Thomas Edison
United States inventor; inventions included the phonograph and incandescent electric light and the microphone and the Kinetoscope (1847-1931)

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