This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.



undefined, object
copy deck
douglass mcarthur
the army chief of staff, carried out the mission of assisting the police in clearing out buildings of marchers, himself and greatly exceeded the president's orders. He led many military factions in pursuit of the Bonus Army until the veterans fled in terror, and then he ordered the soldiers to burn their tent city to the ground, leaving 100 marchers injured.
bonus army
A group of almost 20,000 World War I veterans who were hard-hit victims of the depression, who wanted what the government owed them for their services and "saving" democracy. They marched to Washington and set up public camps and erected shacks on vacant lots. They tried to intimidate Congress into paying them, but Hoover had them removed by the army, which shed a negative light on Hoover.
frank capra/ mr. deeds goes to town/ mr. smith goes to washington
Capra wrote from his deep love for his adopted country and translated it into a populistic admiration for ordinary people. He contrasted the decency of small town America and the common man with what he considered the grasping opportunism of the city and the greedy capitalist marketplace.
the hindenberg
a German zeppelin, it was the largest rigid aircraft ever built. During its second year of service, it went up in flames and was destroyed while landing at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in Manchester Township, New Jersey, U.S., on 6 May 1937. Thirty-six people died in the accident, which was widely reported by film, photography and radio media.
john steinbeck/ grapes of wrath
perhaps the most successful chronicler of social conditions in the 30's, it told the story of the Joad family, migrants from the Dust Bowl to California who encounter an unending string of calamity and failures, he offered a harsh portrait of the exploitive features of agrarian life in the West.
herbert hoover
He was the head of the Food Administration during World War I. He became the Secretary of Commerce and encouraged businesses to regulate themselves. Hoover was a Republican known for his integrity who won the election of of 1928. He had to deal with the Great Crash of 1929, which caused the Great Depression. He signed the Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act. His belief in "rugged individualism" kept him from giving people direct relief during the Great Depression.
enormously popular photographic journal, began publication in 1936, had the largest readership of any publication in the U.S., devoted some attention to politics and economic conditions but was best known for stunning photographs of sporting and theater events, natural landscapes and impressive public projects.
gone with the wind/ wizard of oz
other enormously popular films of the 1930's, both were adaptations of popular novels.
dust bowl
a series of dust storms (sometimes referred to as black blizzards) causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands from 1930 to 1936 (in some areas until 1940), caused by severe drought conditions coupled with decades of extensive farming without crop rotation or other techniques that prevented erosion.
a term, dating from as early as 1907, denoting a resident or native of Oklahoma, these people traveled to California and other states during the Dust Bowl where they found slightly better conditions.
reconstruction fincance corporation
Created in 1932 to make loans to banks, insurance companies, and railroads, it was intended to provide emergency funds to help businesses overcome the effects of the Depression. It was later used to finance wartime projects during WW II.
workers with jobs that are nevertheless experiencing major reductions in wages, hours, or both.
5 causes of the depression
1) lack of diversification in economy, 2) maldistribution of wealth, 3) credit structure of the economy, 4) America's position in international trade, 5) international debt structure.
scottsboro case
The case of the Scottsboro Boys arose in Scottsboro, Alabama during the 1930s, when nine black youths, ranging in age from twelve to nineteen, were accused of raping two white women, Victoria Price and Ruby Bates, one of whom would later recant.
gold diggers of 33/ marx brothers
known as "screwball" comedies, designed to divert audiences from their troubles and often indulge their fantasies about quick and easy wealth.
amos n andy/ dick tracy/ the lone ranger
examples of the comedies/ entertainment programs or escapism Americans heard on the radio during the depression.
dale carnegie/ how to win friends and influence people
a self help manual preaching individual initiative, was one of the best selling books of the decade.
farmers holiday association
formed by a group of unhappy farm owners, it endorsed the withholding of farm products from the market- in effect a farmers' strike, which although blockading several markets ended in failure.
hawley smoot tarriff
Congressional compromise serving special interest, it raised duties on agricultural and manufactured imports. It may have contributed to the spread of the international depression.
walker evans/ ben shahn/ margaret bourke- white/ dorothea lange
produced memorable studies of farm families and their surroundings, designed to show the savage impact of a hostile environment on its victims, later devoting themselves to exposes of social injustice.
mae west
portrayed herself in a series of successful films as an overtly sexual woman manipulating men through her attractiveness.
Name given to the makeshift shanty towns built in vacant lots during the Depression.
orson welles/ war of the worlds
an early science fiction novel which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. It is one of the earliest and best-known depictions of an alien invasion of Earth, and has influenced many others, as well as spawning several films, a radio drama and a television series based on the story. The 1938 radio broadcast caused public outcry against the episode, as many listeners believed that an actual Martian invasion was in progress, a notable example of mass hysteria.
jack benny/ george burns/ gracie allen
masters of elaborately timed jokes and repartee began to develop broad followings.
black tuesday
It occurred on October 29, 1929, when 16,410,030 shares of stocks were sold in a save-who-may scramble. It marked the beginning of the Great Depression.
governor of NY -- 5th cousin to Theodore Roosevelt --- wealthy family -- went to Harvard -- served as secretery of the navy -- was suave and conciliatory -- handicapped --came up with New Deal --- elected as a democrat President in 1932 --elected 4 times (only one to do so) --dealt with Great Depression and WWII.
walt disney/ mickey mouse/ snow white
the 1930's saw the beginning of W. Disney's long reign as the champion of animation and children's entertainment, starting with short cartoons for theatres featuring Mickey Mouse, and eventually producing feature length animated films, like 1937's Snow White.
popular front
a broad coalition of antifascist groups on the left, of which the most important was the American Communist Party.

Deck Info