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Edwards Final


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Major types of power
1)Military: capability and/vs. intention
2)Political: will/unity/wisdom
3)Economic: Domestic vs. border extended.
4)Cultural: Imposition and/vs attraction
Politics of Information (Key roles in politics and economics)
-In politics: claims to authority, Evaluation of the claims/self defense
-In economics: Information about commodities and terms of trade. Questions of ownership. (Esp. intellectual property)
Foci of global ethic-Internationalism
(derived from Idealism/Liberalism)-belief that states are at least sometimes influenced by common ethical consideration.
Foci of global ethic-Ethical Relativism and Communitarianism
Beliefs that ethics vary with the culture, so nothing is or can be universal
Foci of global ethic-Cosmopolitanism
View that ethical principles trancend national boundries and should bind all people.
Global Ethic
An ethical theory or approach presenting a set of values and norms intended to guide relations among participants in world affairs.
Evolution of the concept of human rights: First Stage
Extension since the 1950's of the civil and political rights generated by Western democracies to other countries.
Evolution of the concept of human rights: Second Stage
Creation since the 1960's of new social, economic, and cultural rights ("welfare rights"). International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966)-over 120 signatories. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)-over 115 signatories. (Optional protocol permits citizens claiming rights ignored to contact U.N. Human Rights commission directly signed by 67, not including U.S.)
Evolution of the concept of Human Rights: Third Stage
Creation since the 1970's of new developmental rights in so-called third world or developing co's.
1) Right of a nation to develop in terms of its own cultural values, traditions, economic system.
2) Conflict with old ideo of one model (West) of develop. and perhaps with (West) idea that there is one human nature.
3) Underlying conflict: Fundamental human rights of indvs. vs. group rights vs. rights of individual countries to determine precisely how they will develop.
4 components of a reality image
1) What is
2) What causes what
3) What's right (ethics/values)
4) What works (guidelines for effective action)

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