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SS Chapter 6 and 7


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King George III
6.2 - issued Proclamation of 1763 [Brit. and French ended 7yr war]
He was in charge of British during the Americna Revolution
Proclamtion of 1763
law issued by King George III banning British from settling west of the Appalacian Moutains
George Grenville
Prime Minister asked Parliament to tax colonists for army that was sent to protect colonists (mostly to bail colonists out of trouble with Indians)
Sugar Act
1764 Parliament passed act - law that set duties/taxes on sugar and molasses imported by colonists
James Otis
lawyer from Boston; one of the first colonists to protest taxation by Parliament
Samuel Adams
Boston twon meeting May 1764 - agreed with Otis; helped with Commitees of Correspondence
Committees of Correspondence
groups that contacted other tows and colonies and shared ideas and information about new British laws and how to challenge them
Stamp Act
idea proposed by Grenville; passed by Parliament in March 1765 - required colonists to pay for stamp/seal on paper items
Sons of Libery
secret societies in NY and MA formed by colonists
Writs of Assistance
special forms that allowed tax colelctros to search for smuggled goods. Used by British officials to enforce Townshend Acts
Boston Massacre
tension exploded on march 5, 1770 when British soldier got into fight with colonists. Soldiers fired and shot colonists
Boston Tea Party
the dumpbed of 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor by Sons of Liberty on Dec. 16, 1773
Intolerable Acts
spring of 1774, Britain passed Coercive Acts to punish MA (esp Boston) for tea party.
Thomas Gage
April 1775, Brit. General wanted to take away minutemen's weapons and ammunition
Second Continental Congress
May 1775, representitives from 12 colonies met in Philadelphia to decide how to react to the fighting and decided not to breakaway from British but to defend themselves
Continental Army
formed by 2nd CC to defend colonies and Virginian Washington was chosen to be General
George Washington
Virginian chosen to command the Continental Army against British
Olive Branch Petition
written on July 5, signed by delegates; branch is symple of peace; King George III rejected peace offer
Battle of Bunker Hill
Actually on Breed's hill; named after hill next to it: Bunker. showed colonists could fight back at British; colonists outnumbered; eventually retreated; British 1000 casualities, colonists 400
Thomas Paine
writer of Common Sense; stated monarchy was unfair and that the PEOPLE should make the laws, not jus Parliament; also wrote The Crisis
Thomas Jefferson
main author of Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776; declared colonists independent; 3 main ideas: people haveu nalienable rights. King George violated people's rights; colonists had right to break away from G. Britain (life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness)
colonists who chose to fight for freedom and independence
colonists who were loayl to Great Britain (aka Tories)
Lord Dunmore's Proclamation
Virgina's governor issued proc. on Nov 7 1775 that promised freedom to any slave who fought for British
william howe
gen. that drove continental army to long island; sought revenge on Washington after being driven out of Boston
Battle of Trenton
Wash. surprise attacked Hessians on Xmas eve in NJ (crossed DE river) lasted less than 1hr. and captured 900 Hessians.
Battle of Princeton
Wash. continued camp fire while surrounding the British at night. Patriot win
Battle of Brandywine Creek
Wash. Vs. Howe > sept 11 1777; Patriots suffered x2 casualties than Brit. Howe allowed soldiers to escape
Battle of Saratoga
caused French to help Americans. Won by Horacio Gates and Benedict Arnold; Burgoyned suffered defeat and Fort Ticonderoga was taken back
Marquis de LaFayette
French who helped the Americans in 1777; lacked combat skills but belief and strategies impressed Wash and became trusted friend/ally
Comte de Rochambeau
Comte de Grasse
French Gen. who planned with Wash in NY. Helped Wash trap Cornwallis on peninsula by Chesepeak Bay and James River while Wash attacked army and Roch. attacked incoming navy.
Battle of Yorktown
last major battle; Cornwallis surrendered. Patriot wore down Brit defenses; surrendered in Oct 20 1781.
Treaty of Paris 1783
G. Britain recognized USA independent and set new nation borders. Mississippi river was made western border
Charles Townshend
passed series of taxes on various items in the colonies; money went to military cause and to pay fro the colonial gov.
John Hancock
Hancock was a member and president of the Continental Congress. His name appears first (and largest) on the Declaration of Independence, and the term “John Hancock” is often used to mean a signature. He was governor of Massachusetts
Paul Revere, William Dawes, Samuel Prescott
they rode throughout Lexington to warn the minutemen and colonists that the British were coming. they were caught, arrested etc
Quartering Act
amentities and housing were given to any soldier who asked. no choice or refusal
Lord North
Prime minister of British (army?); he knew the Brit could not fight anymore after the Battle of Yorktown. He surrendered and the Americans won independence
Benedict Arnold
Ethan Allen
took over Brit force on Lake Champlain; gained weapons and cannons

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